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344  Sound Characteristics (R)

Record Type

BIB

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Required if applicable
1st Indicator  Undefined
blank character Undefined
2nd Indicator  Undefined
blank character Undefined
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards
ǂa Type of recording (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂb Recording medium (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂc Playing speed (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂd Groove characteristic (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂe Track configuration (R) Optional/Optional
ǂf Tape configuration (R) Optional/Optional
ǂg Configuration of playback channels (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂh Special playback characteristics (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ1 Real World Object URI (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ2 Source (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ3 Materials specified (NR) Optional/Optional
ǂ6 Linkage (NR) System supplied/System supplied
ǂ8 Field link and sequence number (R) Optional/Optional

Definition

Technical specifications relating to the encoding of sound in a resource.

Guidelines

Prefer use of a separate field for each unique term. For example, for a 33 1/3 rpm stereo audio disc:

 
300     1 audio disc ; ǂc 12 in.
344     analog ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂc 33 1/3 rpm
344     ǂg stereo ǂ2 rdacpc

For a VHS videocassette:

300     1 videocassette (40 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 1/2 in.
344     analog ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂb magnetic ǂ2 rdarm

For a DVD:

300     1 videodisc (118 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     digital ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂb optical ǂ2 rdarm
344     ǂg surround ǂ2 rdacpc
344     ǂg mono ǂ2 rdacpc
344     ǂh Dolby Digital 2.0
344     ǂh Dolby Digital 1.0

For 2 film reels:

300     2 film reels (87 min.) : ǂb sound, black and white ; ǂc 16 mm
344     analog ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂb magnetic ǂ2 rdarm
344     ǂe edge track ǂ2 rdatc
344     ǂg mono ǂ2 rdacpc
344     ǂh Western Electric recording

For guidance on describing and encoding the attributes of audio carriers, see the Music Library Association's Best Practices for Music Cataloging Using RDA and MARC 21 for Chapter 3 and "Supplement 1" of the Music Library Association's Supplements to Best Practices for Music Cataloging Using RDA and MARC21.

For guidance on describing and encoding the attributes of video recording carriers see OLAC Online Audiovisual Catalogers' Best Practices for Cataloging DVD-Video and Blu-Ray Discs.

1st Indicator

Undefined. The 1st indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character ).

blank character

Undefined

2nd Indicator

Undefined. The 2nd indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character ).

blank character

Undefined

Subfields

 
ǂa Type of recording

The method used to encode audio content for playback (e.g., analog, digital). For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for type of recording.

300     1 audio disc ; ǂc 12 in.
344     analog ǂ2 rdatr
300     1 videodisc (approximately 65 min.) ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     digital ǂ2 rdatr
ǂb Recording medium

The type of medium used to record sound on an audio carrier (e.g., magnetic, optical). For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for recording medium.

300     1 score (182 pages) : ǂb illustrations ; ǂc 30 cm + ǂe 1 audiocassette
344     ǂ3 audiocassette ǂb magnetic ǂ2 rdarm
300     1 videodisc (86 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂb optical ǂ2 rdarm
ǂc Playing speed

The speed at which an audio carrier must be operated to produce the sound intended.

300     7 audio discs ; ǂc 10 in.
344     ǂc 78 rpm
300     1 audio disc ; ǂc 12 in.
344     ǂc 33 1/3 rpm
300     2 audio discs (73 min.) ; ǂc 7 in.
344     ǂc 16 rpm
300     70 audiotape reels ; ǂc 5 in., 1/4 in. tape
344     ǂc 3 3/4 ips
ǂd Groove characteristic

The groove width of an analog disc or the groove pitch of an analog cylinder. For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for groove pitch of an analog cylinder and groove width of an analog disc.

300     3 audio discs ; ǂc 10 in.
344     ǂd coarse groove ǂ2 rdagw
300     1 audio disc ; ǂc 12 in.
344     ǂd microgroove ǂ2 rdagw
300     1 audio cylinder (approximately 4 min.) : ǂb 160 rpm ; ǂc 2 1/4 x 4 in.
344     ǂd fine ǂ2 rdagp
ǂe Track configuration

The configuration of the audio track on a sound-track film. For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for track configuration.

300     1 sound-track reel (27 min., 41 sec.) ; ǂc 26 cm, 16 mm
344     ǂe edge track ǂ2 rdatc
300     2 sound-track reels (56 min.) ; ǂc 26 cm, 16 mm
344     ǂe centre track ǂ2 rdatc
ǂf Tape configuration

The number of tracks on an audiotape.

300     4 audiocassettes (approximately 7 hr.) ; ǂc 3 7/8 x 2 1/2 in., 1/8 in. tape.
344     ǂf 2 track
300     1 audiocassette (22 min.) ; ǂc 3 7/8 x 2 1/2 in., 1/8 in. tape.
344     ǂf 4 track
ǂg Configuration of playback channels

The number of sound channels used to make a recording:

Terms Playback channel configuration
mono Single channel for monophonic sound
stereo Two channels for stereophonic sound
quadraphonic Four channels for quadraphonic sound
surround More than four channels for surround sound

For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for configuration of playback channels.

300     1 audio disc ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂg stereo ǂ2 rdacpc
300     1 audio disc (55 min.) ; ǂc 12 in.
344     ǂg mono ǂ2 rdacpc
300     2 videodiscs (115 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂg quadraphonic ǂ2 rdacpc
300     7 videodiscs (19 hr., 53 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂg surround ǂ2 rdacpc
ǂh Special playback characteristics

An equalization system, noise reduction system, etc., used in making an audio recording. For a list of RDA-controlled terms, see the RDA Registry value vocabularies for special playback characteristic.

300     1 audiocassette ; ǂc 1/2 in.
344     ǂh Dolby-B encoded ǂ2 rdaspc
300     2 videodiscs (133 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂh Atmos Dolby True HD 5.1
344     ǂh PCM 2.0
300     1 videodisc (29 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
344     ǂh LPCM ǂ2 rdaspc
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number

For information about subfield ǂ0, see Control Subfields.

ǂ1 Real World Object URI

For information about subfield ǂ1, see Control Subfields.

ǂ2 Source

Identification of the source of the term when it is from a controlled list. For more information about subfield ǂ2, see Control Subfields.

344     analog ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂg stereo ǂ2 rdacpc
ǂ3 Materials specified

For information about subfield ǂ3, see Control Subfields.

344     ǂ3 audio disc ǂa digital ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂ3 audio disc ǂa optical ǂ2 rdarm
344     ǂ3 audio disc ǂg stereo ǂ2 rdacpc
344     ǂ3 Blu-ray disc ǂa digital ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂ3 Blu-ray disc ǂa optical ǂ2 rdarm
344     ǂ3 Blu-ray disc ǂg surround ǂ2 rdacpc
344     ǂ3 videocassette ǂa analog ǂ2 rdatr
344     ǂ3 videocassette ǂb magnetic ǂ2 rdarm
ǂ6 Linkage

Data that link fields when non-Latin script is entered. This subfield is system supplied and does not appear in OCLC online displays. Do not add subfield ǂ6. For more information about subfield ǂ6, see Control Subfields.

ǂ8 Field link and sequence number

For information about subfield ǂ8, see Control Subfields.

Punctuation

Omit punctuation except after an abbreviation.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, field 344.

This page last revised: September 28, 2018