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246  Varying Form of Title (R)

Record Type

BIB

Input Standards

Field (Full/Minimal)
Required if applicable/Optional
1st Indicator  Note/added entry controller
0 Note, no added entry
1 Note, added entry
2 No note, no added entry
3 No note, added entry
2nd Indicator  Type of title
blank character No type specified
0 Portion of title
1 Parallel title
2 Distinctive title
3 Other title
4 Cover title
5 Added title page title
6 Caption title
7 Running title
8 Spine title
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards (Full/Minimal)
ǂa Title proper/short title (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
ǂb Remainder of title (NR) Optional/Optional
ǂf Date or sequential designation (NR) Optional/Optional
ǂg Miscellaneous information (R) Optional/Optional
ǂh Medium (NR) Do not use/Do not use
ǂi Display text (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂn Number of part/section of a work (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂp Name of part/section of a work (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ5 Institution to which field applies (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ6 Linkage (NR) System supplied/System supplied
ǂ7 Data provenance (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ8 Field link and sequence number (R) Optional/Optional

Definition

Variant forms of the title appearing on different parts of a resource, or a portion of the title proper, or an alternative form of the title when the form differs substantially from the title statement in field 245, that contribute to the further identification or retrieval of the resource.

For items containing several works, but lacking a collective title, field 246 is used only for variant titles related to the title selected as the title proper, usually the first work named in the resource. Titles related to the other works are entered in field 740.

For items containing several works with a collective title, title access points for the individual works are entered in field 740.

For information on punctuation, see the Punctuation section below.

Guidelines

Use the following guidelines:

  • Use a separate field for each variant title
  • Prefer entry of multiple occurrences of field 246 in the following order based on 2nd indicator values: 0, 1, blank, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
  • Omit initial articles in subfield ǂa unless the intent is to file on the initial article
  • Enter identifying phrases only in subfield ǂi rather than in subfield ǂa

Enter field 246 if the title, excluding other title information, normalizes differently than the title proper in field 245. Do not add field 246 if the only difference is the wording of other title information in subfield ǂb. Differences in other title information may be noted in field 500.

1st Indicator

Note/added entry controller. Whether a note and/or title access point is generated from the field.

 
0

Note, no added entry. Use if the variant title is needed to display as a note, but not as a title access point. Value 0 is used infrequently in field 246. Prefer use of value 1.

 
1

Note, added entry. Use if the variant title is needed to display as a note and as a title access point. Use primarily for variant titles appearing on the item that are not part of the data recorded in field 245.

 
2

No note, no added entry. Use if the variant title is not needed to display as a note or a title access point. Value 2 is unlikely to be used in field 246. Prefer use of value 3.

 
3

No note, added entry. Use if the variant title is not needed to display as a note, but is needed as a title access point. Use primarily for variant titles which already appear in field 245 such as alternative titles, parallel titles, portions of the title proper, etc.

2nd Indicator

Type of title. The type of title recorded in field 246. Use to generate a display constant that precedes titles when notes are generated from this field, e.g., when the 1st indicator value is 1. Display text can be provided in subfield ǂi in cases not handled by 2nd indicator values 2 through 8.

 
blank character

No type specified. Use for titles not accommodated by other 2nd indicator values. Use with 1st indicator value 1 and subfield ǂi when a specific display is needed.

 
0

Portion of title. Any portion of the title in field 245, other than parallel titles, for which an access point is needed. Generally, use with 1st indicator value 3.

 
1

Parallel title. Titles in another language. Use to create an access point for a parallel title in field 245. Use a separate 246 field for each parallel title. Generally, use with 1st indicator value 3.

 
2

Distinctive title. A special title that appears in addition to the regular title on individual issues of a resource and by which the issue may be known. They are most common on annual reports, yearbooks, or conference proceedings when an issue is dedicated to a particular topic or theme. Do not confuse distinctive titles with individual titles within a series. Use primarily for serials. Enter distinctive titles in field 246 if the individual volume is likely to be known by the special title. Always use subfield ǂf with a distinctive title. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 2 can be used to generate the display constant Distinctive title:.

 
3

Other title. Titles not specified by other 2nd indicator values and not specifically identified using subfield ǂi. Other titles include masthead titles, half titles, binder's titles, colophon titles, and parallel titles not in field 245. Use primarily for serials. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 3 can be used to generate the display constant Other title:.

 
4

Cover title. Titles on the cover as issued by the publisher rather than a result of subsequent rebinding. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 4 can be used to generate the display constant Cover title:.

 
5

Added title page title. Title page not used as the source of the title proper when a resource has two title pages, usually in different languages, with the additional page preceding or following the title page used as the source of the title proper or on an inverted title page at the end of the publication. Use field 246 for the title on the additional title page. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 5 can be used to generate the display constant Added title page title:.

 
6

Caption title. Titles printed at the head of the first page of text or music. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 6 can be used to generate the display constant Caption title:.

 
7

Running title. Titles repeated in the top or bottom margin of each page or every other page in a resource. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 7 can be used to generate the display constant Running title:.

 
8

Spine title. Titles on the spine as issued by the publisher rather than a result of subsequent rebinding. The spine title is often a short or partial form of the full title given on the title page. When used with 1st indicator value 1, 2nd indicator value 8 can be used to generate the display constant Spine title:.

Subfields

 

ǂa Title proper/short title

The variant title proper and alternative title, excluding the designation of the number or name of a part. The title proper should be long enough to identify the item and should be comprehensible. For more information, see field 245, subfield ǂa.

Use field 246 subfield ǂa in the following situations:

Abbreviations, acronyms, etc. Use field 246 for title access points to spell out abbreviations, acronyms, etc., occurring in the title proper. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value blank.

245 1 0 Mr. Gandhi visits Lancashire : ǂb a study in imperial miscommunication / ǂc Irina Spector-Marks
246 3   Mister Gandhi visits Lancashire
245 1 0 Mt. St. Helens and the Toutle Valley : ǂb the early years / ǂc written by Dale Hoy ; with Susan M. Keegan
246 3   Mount Saint Helens and the Toutle Valley
245 1 0 SAVE proceedings
246 3   Society of American Value Engineers proceedings

Added title page titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing on added title pages. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 5.

245 0 0 Service to the Public Task Force report : ǂb for discussion, October 12, 1990
246 1 5 Service au public, le rapport de Groupe de travail
245 0 0 *Example
246 1 5 *Example

Alternative titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on alternative titles forming the title proper. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value 0.

245 0 0 Osman's palmistry instructor, or, Easy method of reading hands : ǂb a practical and original system of self-instruction in the science of palmistry ... / ǂc by Leo S. Osman
246 3 0 Osman's palmistry instructor
246 3 0 Easy method of reading hands
245 1
4
Les récréations scientifiques, ou, L'enseignement par les jeux / ǂc par Gaston Tissandier
246 3 0 Récréations scientifiques
246 3 0 Enseignement par les jeux

Ampersands, plus signs, etc. Use field 246 for title access points to spell out words in place of ampersands, plus signs, etc., occurring in the title proper. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value blank.

245 1 0 Black & white business computing / ǂc Matthew J. McCarthy
246 3   Black and white business computing
245 1 0 Albert Frey houses 1 + 2 / ǂc [Jennifer Golub]
246 3   Albert Frey houses one and two
246 3   Albert Frey houses one plus two
245 1 0 Conversation on mines, &c., between a father and son : ǂb to which are added questions and answers to assist candidates to obtain certificates for the management of collieries, a lecture on the atmosphere, its changes and explosive gases, tables of calculations, rules of measurements, etc., etc. / ǂc by William Hopton
246 3
  Conversation on mines, etc., between a father and son

At head of title. Use field 246 for title access points based on phrases appearing above titles when those phrases can standalone. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value blank with subfield ǂi. For phrases not representing a standalone title, enter the data in field 500.

245 0 0 Bulletin of the atomic scientists.
246 1   ǂi At head of title: ǂa Science and public affairs ǂf Jan. 1970-Apr. 1974
245 1 0 Chicago & vicinity 6 county streetfinder / ǂc Rand McNally
246 3   Rand McNally, Chicago Tribune, Chicago & vicinity 6 county streetfinder
500     At head of cover title: Rand McNally, Chicago Tribune

Caption titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing in captions. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 6.

245 1 0 Ceremonies at the reception of the orphan children of Pennsylvania soldiers who perished defending the Government / ǂc by the Governor and the Legislature.
246 1 6 Reception of the orphans of Pennsylvania soldiers
245 0 0 Impromptus für Klavier, op. 5
246 1 6 Impromptus über ein Thema von Clara Wieck

Cover titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing on covers. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 4.

245 0 0 Monthly checklist of state publications
246 1 4 State publications monthly checklist
245 0 0 Sonata 1 : ǂb Six sonatas, c. 1700 / ǂc Godfrey Keller ; edited by Peter Holman
246 0 4 Sonata 1 in D major

Distinctive titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on non-analytic special titles of individual issues of a resource by which the issue may be known. Use primarily for serials. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 2.

246 1 2 *Contrasting concepts in campus planning ǂf 1966
246 1 2 *Campus planning ǂf 1967
245 1 0
Proceedings
246 1 2 Reading, current research and practice ǂf 1966/67

Initialisms and letters. Use field 246 for title access points to add or remove separating punctuation between initials or letters occurring in the title proper when catalog users might reasonably search with or without separating punctuation or spaces. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value blank.

245 0
0 A.B.C.'s and other kindergarten favorites
246 3   ABC's and other kindergarten favorites
245 1
4
The ABC's of a drunkard's life / ǂc Madalyn Hawthorn
246 3
  A.B.C.'s of a drunkard's life
245 1 0 Report on the B.T.S.B. single site testing of blood products
246 3   Report on the BTSB single site testing of blood products

Minor title changes in serials. Use field 246 for title access points representing minor changes in titles for serials. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value blank with subfield ǂi.

245 0
0 Artères et veines.
246 1
  ǂi Issues for <1997-> have title: ǂa Artères & veines
245 0
0 Journal of the Institution of the Rubber Industry.
246 1
  ǂi Issues for have title: ǂa Journal of the IRI

Numerals, Arabic. Use field 246 for title access points to spell out cardinal or ordinal Arabic numerals occurring in the title proper, other than dates, when catalog users might reasonably search for the spelled-out forms. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value blank.

245 0 0 3:10 to Yuma / ǂc Columbia Pictures ; directed by Delmer Daves ; produced by David Heilweil ; screenplay by Halsted Welles
246 3   Three-ten to Yuma
245 1
0 5-mm radiometric measurements from FLIP during COPE : ǂb a data summary / ǂc Yuri G. Trokhimovski [and others]
246 3
  Five-millimeter radiometric measurements from FLIP during COPE
245 1
0 Einführung in das 6. Strafrechtsreformgesetz 1998 : ǂb examensrelevante Änderungen im besonderen Teil des Strafrechts / ǂc von Friedrich Dencker [and others]
246 3
  Einführung in das sechste Strafrechtsreformgesetz 1998

Numerals, Roman. Use field 246 for title access points to substitute Arabic numerals in place of Roman numerals and to spell out cardinal or ordinal Roman numerals occurring in the title proper when catalog users might reasonably search for the spelled-out forms. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value blank.

245 1
0 World War I and II tanks / ǂc George Forty
246 3   World War 1 and 2 tanks
246 3   World War One and Two tanks
245 1
0 Proceedings of the XVIIth Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Public Health Association : ǂb main theme, "Emerging public health problems in Ethiopia" / ǂc rapporteur, Amsalu Feleke ; editor, Chanyalew Kassa, Yihunie Lakew
246 3
  Proceedings of the 17th Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Public Health Association
246 3   Proceedings of the Seventeenth Annual Conference of the Ethiopian Public Health Association
245 1
0 Title XII side-by-side comparison / ǂc prepared by Susan J. Thompson
246 3
  Title 12 side-by-side comparison
246 3   Title twelve side-by-side comparison
Other titles. Use field 246 for title access points not specified by 2nd indicator values 0, 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8, such as masthead titles, half titles, etc. Use primarily for serials. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 3.

 

 

246 1 3 *RVR ǂf .............
245 0
0
Proceedings. ǂn Section B, ǂp Biology / ǂc the Royal Society of Edinburgh
246 1 3 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. ǂn Section B
246 1 3 *Shanxi venyi ǂf July 1973-

Other titles appearing on the resource. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing which appear on the resource and cannot be specified through use of 2nd indicator values 4 through 8. These includes colophon titles, half titles, etc., for textual materials, panel titles for folded maps, and titles on containers for audiovisual and sound recording materials. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value blank with subfield ǂi.

245 0 0 Glagoljaško pjevanje u Poljicima kod Splita / ǂc snimio, transkribirao i analizirao, Stjepan Stepanov
246 1   ǂi Half title: ǂa Poljica kod Splita
245 1 0 Official AAA road map Wisconsin
246 1   ǂi Panel title: ǂa Wisconsin official AAA road map
245 1 0 Rostropovich plays Prokofiev cello last masterworks
246 1   ǂi Title on container: ǂa Mstislav Rostropovich plays Prokofiev

Other titles not appearing on the resource. Use field 246 for title access points based on titles which do not appear on the resource when catalog users might reasonably search for those titles. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value blank with subfield ǂi.

245 0 4 The Beatles
246 1   ǂi Also known as: ǂa White album
245 1 0 Phyllis Diller, comedianne
246 1   ǂi Title should read: ǂa Phyllis Diller, comedienne
246 1   ǂi Publisher's catalog title: ǂa Phyllis Diller--in a man's world
245 0 0 United States government policy and supporting positions / ǂc Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, United States Senate.
246 1   ǂi Conventionally known as: ǂa Plum book

Parallel titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on parallel titles appearing on the resource. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value 1.

245 0 0 Tekstiiliteollisuuden vuosikirja = ǂb Textilindustrins årsbok = The Textile industry yearbook
246 3 1 Textilindustrins årsbok
246 3 1 Textile industry yearbook
245 0 0 *Keizai antei shiryo = ǂb E.S.B. bulletin
246 3 1 *E.S.B. bulletin
245 0 0 *Japan report = ǂb Nihon
246 3 1 *Nihon

Portion of title. Use field 246 for title access points based on a portion of the title in field 245 when catalog users might reasonably search for those titles. Use 1st indicator value 3 and 2nd indicator value 0.

245 0 0 Chase's ... calendar of events
246 3
0
Calendar of events
245 1
4
The little Kiwi book of days / ǂc by Frances Chan
246 3
0
Book of days
245 0 0 *Bangladesh Education Extension Centre bulletin
246 1 7 *B.E.E.C. bulletin

Running titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing in the top or bottom margin of each page or every other page in a resource. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 7.

245 0 0 Bangladesh Education Extension Centre bulletin
246 1 7 B.E.E.C. bulletin
245 0 0 2005 VCC crime codes : ǂb listed alphabetically and by statute
246 1 7 Virginia crime codes

Spine titles. Use field 246 for title access points based on variant titles appearing on covers. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value 8.

245 0 0 Chartbook of federal programs on aging / ǂc Irma Schechter
246 1 8 Chartbook on aging
245 1 2 A handbook on electrical filters : ǂb synthesis, design and application / ǂc by Donald R.J. White
246 1 8 Electrical filters

Typographical errors, incorrect wording, etc. Use field 246 for title access points to correct typographical errors, incorrect wording, etc., occurring in the title proper. Use 1st indicator value 1 and 2nd indicator value blank with subfield ǂi.

245 1 0 Attitudes of the C.A. mass public toward eonomic and political integration / ǂc Mitchell A. Seligson
246 1   ǂi Title should read: ǂa Attitudes of the C.A. mass public toward economic and political integration
245 1 0 Concerto for pianoforte and orchestra, op. 101 / ǂc Dmitri Shostakovich ; reduction for 2 pianos by the composer
246 1   ǂi Title should read: ǂa Concerto for pianoforte and orchestra, op. 102
245 1 0 Proceedings of the The Fifth International Workshop on Chaos-Fractals Theories and Applications, 18-21 October 2012, Dalian, Liaoning, China / ǂc sponsors, Northeastern University, IEEE Circuits and Systems Society [and three others]
246 1   ǂi Title should read: ǂa Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Chaos-Fractals Theories and Applications, 18-21 October 2012, Dalian, Liaoning, China

*Use for an added access point portion of the full title.

*245 0 0 Journal of polymer science. ǂn Part C, ǂp Polymer symposia
*246 3 0 Polymer symposia
*245 1 0 Live at Moers Festival / ǂc European Jazz Quintet
*246 1   ǂi Additional title on container: ǂa Live at International New Jazz Festival

*Use for other title information when field 245 subfield ǂb consists of an initialism or full form of title rejected as title proper.

*245 0 0 Library resources market place : ǂb LRMP
*246 3 0 LRMP

 

 

ǂb Remainder of title

Other title information, parallel titles, subtitles, etc., associated with the title in subfield ǂa. Generally, include subfield ǂb in field 246 for titles transcribed from other parts of the resource when that other title information is useful and differs from what is recorded in field 245. Enter multiple instances of such data in the same subfield ǂb. Omit subfield ǂb in cataloger-constructed title access points in field 246. For more information, see field 245, subfield ǂb.

245 0 0 Frauen komponieren : ǂb 22 Orgelstücke aus dem 19. und 20. Jahrhundert = Female composers : 22 organ pieces from the 19th and 20th century / ǂc herausgegeben von Barbara Heller und Lucia Schnellbacher
246 3 1 Female composers : ǂb 22 organ pieces from the 19th and 20th century
245 1
0 Proceedings of the ... session / ǂc Rajasthan History Congress
246 1 8 Rajasthan History Congress : ǂb proceedings volume
245 1
0 Handbook for men who are thinking of settling overseas / ǂc issued by the Oversea Settlement Department, Colonial Office
246 1
4
Empire overseas : ǂb a handbook for men and boys
ǂf Date or sequential designation

Dates or volume and issue numbers associated with the variant title which does not appear on all issues or parts of a resource. Arrange data so that dates and/or volume and issue numbers follow the title.

245 1 0 IEEE conference record : ǂb papers presented at the ... Power Industry Computer Applications Conference / ǂc sponsored by the IEEE Power Group
246 1 4 PICA conference proceedings ǂf 1969
245 0
0 Yearbook of international congress proceedings
246 1 8
International meeting reports ǂf 1960/1967
246 1 3 *Shanxi wenyi ǂf July 1973-

Enter incomplete dates or sequential designations in angle brackets.

245 1 0 North Dakota comprehensive criminal justice plan
246 1 4 Crime and delinquency in North Dakota ǂf <1974->
246 1 6 *Pacific and its wonders ǂf <1954>-1956
ǂg Miscellaneous information

Data not more appropriately recorded in other subfields. Use subfield ǂg for data such as varies slightly.

246 1 3 *Review of polymorphous material ǂg (varies slightly) ǂf 1965-1968
ǂh Medium

Do not use.

ǂi Display text

Text to be displayed when none of the other 2nd indicator display constants is adequate. When you use subfield ǂi, the 2nd indicator is blank. Subfield ǂi precedes subfield ǂa.

245 0 0 Live at Moers Festival / ǂc European Jazz Quintet
246 1   ǂi Additional title on container: ǂa Live at International New Jazz Festival
245 1
0 Zhang Chunqiao yu zhong jia shu
246 1   ǂi English title on colophon: ǂa Letters from prison
246 1   *ǂi Panel title: ǂa Welcome to big Wyoming
245 0 4 *The Bluegrass album
246 1   *ǂi Volume 3 has title: ǂa California connection
ǂn Number of part/section of a work

A number designation for a part/section of a work. Numbering is defined as an indication of sequencing in any form, e.g., Part 1, Supplement A, Book two. In music titles, the serial opus, or thematic index number are generally not contained in subfield ǂn.

245 0 0 Directory of published proceedings. ǂn Series SEMT, ǂp Science/engineering/medicine/technology
246 3   Interdok directory of published proceedings. ǂn Series SEMT, ǂp Science/engineering/medicine/technology
500     At head of title: InterDok
245 0 0 *Heritage Books archives. ǂn Volume 1, ǂp English parish records
246 3 0 *English parish records. ǂn Volume 1
245 0 0 *Heritage Books archives. ǂn Volume 1, ǂp English parish records
246 3 0 *English parish records. ǂn Volume 1
ǂp Name of part/section of a work

A part or section name that qualifies the title proper (subfield ǂa).

245 0 0 *Archiv für Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie. ǂn Serie B, ǂp Klimatologie, Bioklimatologie, Strahlungsforschung
246 3 1 *Archives for meteorology, geophysics and bioclimatology. ǂn Series B, ǂp Climatology, bioclimatology, radiation research
245 0 0 *Archiv für Meteorologie, Geophysik und Bioklimatologie. ǂn Serie B, ǂp Klimatologie, Bioklimatologie, Strahlungsforschung
246 3 1 *Archives for meteorology, geophysics and bioclimatology. ǂn Series B, ǂp Climatology, bioclimatology, radiation research
245 0 0 Eesti NSV Teaduste Akadeemia toimetised. ǂp Bioloogia = ǂb Izvestii︠a︡ Akademii nauk Ėstonskoĭ SSR. Biologii︠a︡
246 3 1 Izvestii︠a︡ Akademii nauk Ėstonskoĭ SSR. ǂp Biologii︠a︡
ǂ5 Institution to which field applies

For information about subfield ǂ5, see Control Subfields. Subfield ǂ5 is used infrequently in field 246.

ǂ6 Linkage

Data that link fields when non-Latin script is entered. This subfield is system supplied and does not appear in OCLC online displays. Do not manually add subfield ǂ6. For more information about subfield ǂ6, see Control Subfields.

ǂ7 Data provenance

For information about subfield ǂ7, see Control Subfields.

ǂ8 Field link and sequence number For information about subfield ǂ8, see Control Subfields.

Punctuation

For records containing ISBD punctuation, follow these instructions:

  • Optionally, follow an initial subfield ǂi by a colon-space or a space-colon-space if following an open date
  • Precede subfield ǂb beginning with other title information by a space-colon-space
  • Precede subfield ǂb beginning with a parallel title by a space-equals-space
  • Enclose the text in subfield ǂg in parentheses
  • Precede subfield ǂn by a period-space unless the preceding subfield ends with an ellipsis, exclamation point, hyphen, period (following an abbreviation or initial), or question mark
  • Precede subfield ǂp following subfield ǂn by a comma-space
  • Precede subfield ǂp not following subfield ǂn by a period-space unless the preceding subfield ends with an ellipsis, exclamation point, hyphen, period (following an abbeviation or initial), or question mark
  • Precede any parallel statement within a subfield by a space-equals-space
  • Precede any unit of other title information within a subfield by a space-colon-space
  • Include incidental punctuation needed within any subfields, e.g., commas, periods (following abbreviations or initials), etc.
  • Omit punctuation preceding subfields ǂf and ǂg unless the preceding subfield ends with an ellipsis, exclamation point, hyphen, period (following an abbreviation or initial), question mark, closing bracket, or closing parenthesis
  • Omit the terminal period at the end of the field unless the last word is an abbreviation or initial
246 1   ǂi Title on container: ǂa Little David presents Action Bible songs : ǂb 17 classic Christian songs for kids

For records containing non-ISBD punctuation, see the cataloging instructions used to create the record.

For records containing minimal or no punctuation, follow these instructions:

  • Include a space-equals-space as the first element in subfield ǂb beginning with a parallel edition statement
  • Include a space-semicolon-space as the first element in subfield ǂb beginning with a title of a second work by the same author, composer, artist, etc., in a resource lacking a collective title
  • Precede subfield ǂb beginning with a title of a second work by a different author, composer, artist, etc., or an anonymous work in a resource lacking a collective title by a period-space
  • Include brackets and punctuation needed within any subfields
  • Otherwise, omit the punctuation outlined in the ISBD punctuation section above
246 1   ǂi Title on container ǂa Little David presents Action Bible songs ǂb 17 classic Christian songs for kids

For more information on punctuation, including OCLC policy, see section 2.8, Punctuation.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, field 246.

MARC 21

For more information, including content designator history, see MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data, field 246.

This page last revised: September 29, 2022