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Type:  Type of Record

Bytes

ALL: Leader/06; 006/00

Input Standards

ALL: Mandatory. One-character code. Default: Determined by format

Definition

 
ALL, 006

Code used to define the characteristics and components of the record. Use to differentiate records created for various types of content and material and to determine the appropriateness and validity of certain data elements in the record.

Guidelines

The codes in Type and BLvl characterize the kind of material being cataloged. While all combinations are theoretically valid, some combinations are never appropriate. The online system will not allow inappropriate combinations of Type and BLvl. For example, Type code p, indicating a collection of mixed materials, cannot exist with BLvl code m, indicating a single monographic item; Type code d, indicating manuscript notated music, cannot exist with BLvl code s, indicating a serial publication.

The following table outlines the relationship between formats and allowed Type and BLvl combinations.

Format
Type Name
BLvl
BKS - Books a Language material a, c, d, m
t Manuscript language material
CNR - Continuing Resources a Language material b, i, s
COM - Computer Files m Computer file a, b, c, d, i, m, s
MAP - Maps e Cartographic material a, b, c, d, i, m, s
f Manuscript cartographic material a, c, d, m
MIX - Mixed Materials p Mixed materials c, d
REC - Sound Recordings i Nonmusical sound recording a, b, c, d, i, m, s
j Musical sound recording
SCO - Scores c Notated music a, b, c, d, i, m, s
d Manuscript notated music a, c, d, m
VIS - Visual Materials g Projected medium a, b, c, d, i, m, s
k Two-dimensional nonprojected graphic
o Kit
r Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object

For the names and definitions of the various BLvl codes, see BLvl.

Special Guidelines

Use the following guidelines to determine Type codes for materials where appropriate coding may be uncertain.

Material Guideline
Archival and rare material Determine the form of material and use the appropriate code. For example, for a rare book, use code a. For a manuscript letter, use code t. For a collection of mixed materials, use code p. Code Ctrl to indicate archival control status of the material.
Broadsides Determine the form of the material and use the appropriate code. For example, for published textual broadsides, use code a. For unpublished textual broadsides, use code t. For published maps, use code e. For unpublished maps, use code f. For charts, posters, etc., use code k.
Electronic resources

Determine the form of content of the resource and code for that aspect. For example, for language material, use code a. For cartographic material, use code e. For videorecordings, use code g. Code Form for the electronic aspect of the item. Optionally, use the Computer File 006 field to code for additional electronic aspects of the item.

Use code m only for computer software (including fonts, games, and programs), numeric data, computer-oriented multimedia, or online services or systems.

For online resources, use codes a, c, and e instead of their manuscript counterparts t, d, and f, since all online resources are considered published.
Integrating resources

Integrating resources are bibliographic resources that are added to or changed by means of updates that do not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole. Integrating resources can be finite or continuing. Examples include updating databases, updating loose-leaf publications, and updating Web sites.

Determine the form of the material and use the appropriate code. For textual integrating resources, use code a in the Continuing Resources format. For cartographic integrating resources, use code e. For a database of videorecordings, use code g. Use code i in BLvl for all integrating resources. For non-textual integrating resources, optionally use the Continuing Resource 006 field to code for additional integrating resource aspects of the item.
Items with multiple characteristics

Single items can contain multiple characteristics, e.g., slides of manuscript notated music.

Determine the primary form of material and use the approprate code. Usually, choose the code that corresponds to the carrier in field 300 subfield ǂa with the exceptions as noted in the definitions of the codes below. For example, if a slide contains manuscript notated music, use code g rather than code c, but if a puzzle depicts a cartographic image, use code e rather than code r. Optionally, use an appropriate 006 field to code for additional aspects of the item.
Manuscripts and unpublished materials

Manuscripts are items written by hand or are unpublished single instance items. Examples are a handwritten or typewritten letter, a handwritten score, a hand-drawn map, etc. The handwritten or single instance characteristic distinguishes an item as a manuscript as compared to mass-produced multiple-copy publications and online resources.

Determine the form of material for a single manuscript or collection and use the appropriate code. For manuscript textual items, use code t. For manuscript notated music, use code d. For manuscript cartographic material, use code f.
Microforms

Microforms, whether original or reproductions, are not identified by a distinctive type of record code. The form of material that was filmed takes precedence over the microform characteristics.

Determine the form of the original material and use that format. For microfilmed published textual items, use code a. For microfilmed published notated music, use code c. For microfilmed published cartographic material, use code e.
Mixed materials and kits

Multi-item bibliographic entities can contain multiple characteristics, e.g., a collection containing text, photographs, and sound recordings, or a kit issued as a single unit containing text, maps, and game pieces.

Determine the form of the material for multi-item entities as follows:

  • For kits issued as a single unit in which no type of material predominates, use code o.
  • For made-up collections in which no type of material predominates, use code p.
  • For made-up collections in which one form of material predominates, use the appropriate code for that predominate material.
For mixed material collections, code Ctrl to indicate archival control status of the material. Optionally, use appropriate 006 fields to code for additional aspects of the item.
Non-textual serials
Determine the form of the non-textual serial and use the appropriate code. For a serial atlas or map, use code e. For a serial spoken sound recording, use code i. For a serial videorecording, use code g. Use code b or s in BLvl for all non-textual serials. Optionally, use the Continuing Resource 006 field to code for additional serial aspects of the item. Non-textual serials are not permitted on the Continuing Resource format as allowable duplicates.
Theses and dissertations

Determine the form of the thesis and use the appropriate code. For unpublished textual theses, use code t. For unpublished notated music theses, use code d. For unpublished cartographic theses, use code f.

For microform reproductions, photocopies, and print-on-demand theses, use the code applicable to the original thesis. Code Form for the reproduction aspect of the item.

Consider online theses to be published, and along with other subsequently republished versions, determine the form and use the appropriate code. For online textual theses, use code a. For online notated music theses, use code c. For online cartographic theses, use code e. Code Form for the electronic aspect of the item.

Codes

 
 
a

Language material. Non-manuscript language or textual material including all published print language material, original microform publications of language material, microform reproductions of published language material, and published textual electronic resources. In Books format, examples include books, pamphlets, technical reports, etc. In Continuing Resources format, examples include annuals, journals, newspapers, periodicals, proceedings, etc. Use code c or d for cartographic atlases. Use code t for manuscript or unpublished language material.

Type     a
264   1 Waterford, Michigan : ǂb Panoply House of Publishing, ǂc 2014.
300     xxiii, 847 pages : ǂb illustrations, maps ; ǂc 24 cm
Type     a
264   1 Philadelphia, PA : ǂb Elsevier, ǂc [2016]
300     2 volumes (lxviii, 3473, 129 pages) : ǂb illustrations (some color) ; ǂc 29 cm.
Type     a
264   1 New York, N.Y. : ǂb Center for Reproductive Rights, ǂc 2003.
300     1 online resource (39 pages, 16 leaves)
 
c

Notated music. Non-manuscript notated music including all published print music material, original microform publications of notated music, microform reproductions of published notated music, and published notated music electronic resources. Examples include scores, chorus scores, condensed scores, piano scores, study scores, vocal scores, parts, etc. Use code d for manuscript or unpublished notated music.

Use the following guidelines for coding hymnals, librettos, operas, and songs with and without music:

Use code c for the following:

  • Hymnals with words and music, either fully harmonized or with only melody
  • Publications of operas with words and music, either full scores, vocal scores, chorus scores, or collections of arias
  • Songs with words and music

Use code a for the following:

  • Hymnals consisting of text without music
  • Librettos consisting of text without music
  • Songs consisting of text without music

Use the following guidelines for coding musical instruction materials:

  • For items in LC classes MT170-MT950, use code c for items that are predominantly music.
  • Use subject heading subdivisions as a tool in determining the correct Type code.

    LCSH Subdivision Type
    ǂx Instruction and study Usually a
    ǂv Methods or ǂx Methods a or c
    ǂv Orchestra excerpts c
    ǂv Studies and exercises c
    ǂv Teaching pieces c
Type     c
264   1 London : ǂb Faber Music, ǂc [2007]
300     1 score (24 pages) ; ǂc 30 cm
Type     c
264   1 München : ǂb Musikproduktion Höflich, ǂc 2016.
300     1 study score (58 pages) : ǂb facsimiles, portrait ; ǂc 32 cm
Type     c
264   1 [New York] : ǂb Associated Music Publishers, Inc., ǂc [2016]
300     1 vocal score (ix, 329 pages) ; ǂc 30 cm
d

Manuscript notated music. Manuscript notated music including all unpublished print notated music material, microform reproductions of unpublished notated music, and unpublished score theses. Examples of carriers are the same as those listed under code c. Use code c for non-manuscript or published notated music.

Use the guidelines under code c, substituting d in place of c, for coding hymnals, librettos, operas, and songs with and without music as well as musical instruction materials.

Type     d
264   0 ǂc [2015]
300     1 score (42 pages) ; ǂc 36 cm
Type     d
264   0 ǂc [between 1970 and 1980?]
300     1 study score (56 leaves) ; ǂc 28 cm
Type     d
264   0 ǂc 2006.
300     1 score (v, 53 pages) ; ǂc 44 cm
502
    ǂb M.M. ǂc University of Louisville ǂd 2006
 
e

Cartographic material. Non-manuscript cartographic material including published print cartographic material, original microform publications of cartographic material, microform reproductions of published cartographic material, and published cartographic electronic resources. Examples include aeronautical charts, atlases, celestial charts, computer-generated maps, globes, maps, navigational charts, remote-sensing images, etc. Use code f for manuscript or unpublished cartographic material.

Type     e
264   1 New York, New York : ǂb Published in the United States by DK Publishing, ǂc [2016]
300     1 atlas (xxxii, 350 pages) : ǂb color illustrations, color maps ; ǂc 34 cm
Type     e
264   1 [Guatemala] : ǂb Ministerio de la Defensa Nacional, Instituto Geográfico Militar, ǂc 1995.
300     1 map on 4 sheets : ǂb color ; ǂc 111 x 109 cm, sheets 59 x 59 cm
Type     e
264   1 Washington, D.C. : ǂb National Geographic Society, ǂc [2015]
300     1 online resource (1 atlas (iv, 145, 153 pages)) : ǂb color illustrations, color maps
 
f

Manuscript cartographic material. Manuscript cartographic material including all unpublished print cartographic material, microform reproductions of unpublished cartographic material, and unpublished map theses. Examples of carriers are the same as those listed under code e. Use code e for non-manuscript or published cartographic material.

Type     f
264   0 ǂc 1890.
300     1 atlas (38 leaves) : ǂb maps ; ǂc 29 x 39 cm
Type     f
264   0 ǂc [1914?]
300     1 map : ǂb color ; ǂc 23 x 65 cm
Type     f
264   0 ǂc [1912]
300     1 map on 3 sheets : ǂb color ; ǂc 45 x 108 cm, sheets 51 x 43 cm
 
g

Projected medium. Projected media of any type including filmstrips, motion pictures, slides, transparencies, videorecordings (including digital video), and other material designed specifically for projection excluding microforms. Use code k for nonprojected media.

Type     g
300     1 videocassette (approximately 35 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 1/2 in.
Type     g
300     1 videodisc (157 min.) : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
Type     g
300     1 online resource (1 streaming video file (48 min.)) : ǂb color, sound
 
i

Nonmusical sound recording. Recordings of nonmusical sounds on any media including online resources. Use code i for audiobooks, lectures, podcasts, sound effects, sounds in nature (e.g., bird calls), speeches, etc. Also use code i for recordings which are primarily spoken with incidental music, e.g., aerobic or physical exercise recordings that consist of chanted, spoken, or sung instructions over musical accompaniment; plays or stories read with accompanying or incidental music, etc. Examples of carriers are the same as those listed under code j. Use code j for musical sound recordings.

Type     i
300     1 audio disc (1 hr., 58 min.) ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
336     spoken word ǂb spw ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     i
300     2 audiocassettes (approximately 3 hr.) ; ǂc 3 7/8 x 2 1/2 in., 1/8 in. tape
336     spoken word ǂb spw ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     i
300     1 online resource (1 audio file)
336     spoken word ǂb spw ǂ2 rdacontent
 
j

Musical sound recording. Recordings of music on any media including online resources. Examples include music recorded on audio cartridges, audio cylinders, audio discs, audiocassettes, audiotape reels, etc. Use code i for nonmusical sound recordings.

Type     j
300     1 audio disc (1 hr., 13 min., 50 sec.) ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
336     performed music ǂb prm ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     j
300     1 audio disc (40 min., 37 sec.) ; ǂc 12 in.
336     performed music ǂb prm ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     j
300     1 audiocassette (61 min.) : ǂc 3 7/8 x 2 1/2 in., 1/8 in. tape
336     performed music ǂb prm ǂ2 rdacontent
 
k

Two-dimensional nonprojectable graphic. Nonprojected graphic media of any type including activity cards, charts, collages, computer graphics, digital pictures, drawings, duplication masters, flash cards, paintings, photo CDs, photonegatives, photoprints, pictures, postcards, posters, prints, spirit masters, study prints, technical drawings, transparency masters, and microform, photomechanical, or other reproductions of any of these materials. Includes bound collections of reproducible masters. Use code g for projected media. Use code r for three-dimensional objects.

Type     k
300     102 flash cards : ǂb color ; ǂc case 11 x 18 x 3 cm
Type     k
300     1 poster : ǂb color ; ǂc 42 x 64 cm
Type     k
300     1 online resource (1 postcard) : ǂb color
 
m

Computer file. Digital material consisting of computer software (including fonts, games, and programs), numeric data, computer-oriented multimedia, or online services or systems. If a significant aspect of the material falls into another Type category, code for that significant aspect instead, e.g., cartographic material, language material, notated music, projected media, sound recordings, etc. In case of doubt or if the most significant aspect cannot be determined, use code m. For additional information, see Cataloging Electronic Resources: OCLC-MARC Coding Guidelines (http://www.oclc.org/support/documentation/worldcat/cataloging/electronicresources/).

Type     m
300     1 computer optical disc ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
336     computer dataset ǂb cod ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     m
300     2 computer optical discs : ǂb sound, color ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
336     computer program ǂb cop ǂ2 rdacontent
Type     m
300     1 online resource
336     computer dataset ǂb cod ǂ2 rdacontent
 
o

Kit. Materials with various components issued as a unit and intended primarily for instructional purposes. No one component is identifiable as the predominant component. Examples include packages of assorted materials, such as a set of school social studies curriculum material (books, workbooks, guides, activities, etc.) or packages of educational test materials (tests, answer sheets, scoring guides, score charts, interpretative manuals, etc.). Use code p for mixed materials.

Type     o
300     1 kit (1 instruction chart, 4 drawstring bags, 48 matching cards, 1 assessment card, 1 activity guide, 1 answer card) ; ǂc in container 30 x 25 x 6 cm
Type     o
300     1 kit (1 librarian's manual, 2 posters, 11 bookmarks, 1 brochure, 3 flyers, and 1 cover letter) ; ǂc in folder 31 cm
Type     o
300     1 kit (477 dice, 6 sorting bowls, 2 books, 1 guide) ; ǂc in container 46 x 32 x 30 cm
 
p

Mixed materials. Collections of materials in two or more forms that are usually related by virtue of having been accumulated by or about a person or body. These materials are not issued as kits since the intended primary purpose is other than instructional. This category includes archival and manuscript collections of mixed forms of materials such as text, photographs, and sound recordings. Use code o for kits.

Type     p
264   0 ǂc 1825-1891.
300     15 items
520 2   Six documents and nine graphics relating to the Dorr family ...
Type     p
264   0 ǂc 1820-1999.
300     2341.6 linear feet
520 2   Correspondence, reports, maps, blueprints, financial documents, advertising materials, photographs, and other items ...
Type     p
264   0 ǂc approximately 1894-2000.
300     21 cartons ǂa (21 linear feet)
520 2   Contains the professional and personal papers of Bubbles. Includes correspondence between him and family members and associates, many photographs of himself performing as well as others with whom he performed, artifacts from his life, audio and visual media of his own performances and other performers, and sheet music collected by him and used in his performances ...
 
r

Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occurring object. Three-dimensional artifact or naturally occuring object of any type including clothing, dioramas, exhibits, games, machines, models, puzzles, sculptures, simulations, and stitchery, three-dimensional art works, and toys. Also use code r for microscope specimens (or representations of them) and other specimens mounted for viewing. Use code e or f for globes as well as models and puzzles consisting of cartographic images. Use code k for two-dimensional nonprojected media.

Type     r
300     1 game (8 cards, 8 laces, 1 instruction sheet) : ǂb color ; ǂc in container 20 x 29 x 4 cm
Type     r
300     1 hand anatomy model (28 parts, 1 stand, 1 guide) : ǂb color, plastic ; ǂc in container 24 x 19 x 6 cm
Type     r
300     12 igneous rock specimens ; ǂc in box 4 x 21 x 14 cm + ǂe 1 guide
 
s

Serial/Integrating resource. Type code s is used only in the initial position in field 006 to allow for fixed-field coding of serial or integrating resource aspects of non-textual materials. Code s is not used in fixed-field Type. Examples include use of code s in serial 006 fields in records for serial cartographic materials, serial sound recordings, serial videorecordings, etc. For information about field 006, see 006 Introduction.

Type     e
BLvl     s
006     sar         0    0
300     atlases : ǂb color maps ; ǂc 22 cm
310     Annual
Type     i
BLvl     s
006     swr m       0    0
300     audio discs ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
310     Weekly
Type     g
BLvl     s
006     smr p       0   a0
300     videodiscs ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
310     Monthly
 
t

Manuscript language material. Manuscript language or textual material including all unpublished print language material, microform reproductions of unpublished language material, and unpublished textual theses. Use code t for handwritten, typescript, or computer printout materials implicitly or explicitly intended to exist as a single instance. Examples include diaries, letters, logs, manuscript books, marked or corrected galley and page proofs, papers, etc. Use code a for non-manuscript or published language material.

Type     t
264   0 ǂc 1854 June 5.
300     1 folded sheet (4 pages) ; ǂc 25 x 42 cm, folded to 25 x 21 cm
Type     t
264   0 ǂc 1965-1984.
300     2 boxes ǂa (1 linear foot)
Type     t
264   0 ǂc 1955.
300     x, 148 leaves : ǂb illustrations, maps ; ǂc 28 cm
502     ǂb Ph. D. ǂc University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ǂd 1955

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, Format/Document Type and Material Type.

This page last revised: August 29, 2016