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DtSt:  Type of Date/Publication Status

Record Type

BIB

Bytes

ALL: 008/06

Input Standards

BKS, COM, MAP, MIX, REC, SCO, VIS: Mandatory. One-character code. Default:  fill character

CNR: Mandatory. One-character code. Default: c

Definition

 
ALL 

Use DtSt to categorize the type of dates (e.g., production, publication, distribution, manufacture, or copyright) in Dates. For continuing resources in any format, the code in DtSt indicates the publication status.

The choice of code for DtSt is made concurrently with a determination of the appropriate dates for Dates. For most records data are derived from information in field 260, field 264, field 362, or from note fields. For archival collections and manuscript materials you may also derive date information from field 245, particularly subfields ǂf and ǂg.

Use the definitions in the guidelines presented here for coding field 046 subfield ǂa and field 539 subfield ǂa.

Guidelines

 
Continuing Resources

For continuing resources in any format, use DtSt to indicate whether the continuing resource is currently published, has ceased publication, or the publication status is unknown.

Do not base coding of DtSt on subscription or receipt status.

Non-continuing resources

Precedence for non-continuing resources. If more than one code applies, use the following chart to determine precedence.

Single part items or multipart items complete in one year Collections or multipart items complete in more than one year
b No dates given; B.C. date involved b No dates given; B.C. date involved
r Reprint/original date i Inclusive date
e Detailed date k Range of dates
s Single date r Reprint/original date
p Distribution/production date m Initial/terminal date
t Publication date and copyright date t Publication date and copyright date
q Questionable date n Unknown date
n Unknown date    

Codes

 
 

Choose the code for DtSt concurrently with the dates in Date 1 and Date 2.

 

Before Common Era date


b

No dates given; B.C. date involved. Use blanks in Dates if one or more of the dates are B.C.E. dates. Enter the appropriate code and B.C.E. date or dates in field 046.

DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
046     q ǂb 650 ǂd 400
264   0 ǂc [between 650 B.C. and 400 B.C.]
DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
046     s ǂb 2000~ ǂ2 edtf
264   0 ǂc [approximately 2000 B.C.]
DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
046     k ǂb 2350 ǂd 2300
264   0 ǂc [approximately 2350 B.C.-approximately 2300 B.C.]
DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
046     q ǂb 604 ǂd 562
264   0 ǂc [between 604 B.C. and 562 B.C.]
 

Single dates


e

Detailed date. Use if the issue date includes year and month or year, month, and day. Code uu is used for the final two characters of Date 2 if the day is unknown for an event known to have occurred on a specific day, such as an original broadcast date. Leave the final two characters of Date 2 blank if there is no day of month given on the item and no day can be inferred. Use the form yyyy,mmdd.

DtSt:     e
Dates:     2012,0323
264   1 Nairobi, Kenya : ǂb APHIA II OR Project in Kenya, Population Council, ǂc March 23, 2012.
DtSt:     e
Dates:     1976,11uu
264   1 United States : ǂb Triangle Film Corporation, ǂc November 1976.
[Televised material giving the date of original broadcast. Day of month is not given; however, you can infer that the broadcast occurred on a specific day by supplying uu for the unknown date.] 
DtSt:     e
Dates:     2016,10uu
250     [October 2016 version].
264   1 [Oxford] : ǂb [Face Press], ǂc October 2016.
500     "Oct 2016" encrypted in tesselating tile pattern on colophon.
[Day is "not applicable" because the publication is identified by month only and you cannot infer a date.] 
DtSt:     e
Dates:     2005,05blank characterblank character
264   1 Sacramento, Calif. : ǂb Association of California Water Agencies, ǂc [2005]
500     "May 2005".
[Issue date is May 2005. Day is "not applicable," because the publication is identified by month only and you cannot infer a date.]
s

Single known date/probable date. A single year is on the item as the date of distribution, publication, release, production, execution, or writing.

Use for:

  • Unpublished items that have single dates of execution
  • Probable, approximate, or conjectural (uncertain or qualified) dates that can be represented by four digits
  • Single part unpublished items with a single dates that have been executed over a period of time, such as a painting

Do not use code s for the following:

  • Single items having a probable range of years. Use code q.
  • Collections. Use code k or i as appropriate.
  • Unpublished items that have a range of dates of execution. Use code i.
DtSt:     s
Dates:     198u,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     New York : ǂb Oxford University Press, ǂc [198-]
[Pre-RDA] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     19uu,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     London : ǂb Academic Press, ǂc [19--]
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     197u,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     Bloomington : ǂb Indiana University Press, ǂc [197-?]
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1965,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     Paris : ǂb Presses universitaires de France, ǂc [1966, i.e. 1965]
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1985,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character 
260     Sacramento, Calif. : ǂb California State Board of Equalization, ǂc [approximately 1985]
[Pre-RDA hybrid]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1967,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character 
260     Tacoma, Wash. : ǂb American Plywood Association, ǂc 1967/1968.
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1954,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     London : ǂb Her Majesty's Stationery Office, ǂc 1954, cover 1955.
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1961,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     Berlin : ǂb Deutsche Buch-Gemeinschaft, ǂc 1961 printing.
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1966,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     Amsterdam : ǂb Elsevier, ǂc 1965 [i.e. 1966]
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1936,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     New York : ǂb Knopf, ǂc 1936, t.p. 1943.
[Pre-AACR2. Ignore the date of a later impression if that date follows the publication date and qualifies its position on the publication.]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1911,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     Chicago, Ill. : ǂb Sears, Roebuck, ǂc 1911, 1913 printing.
[Pre-RDA. Ignore a date qualified by the word printing unless that date is the only date.]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1963,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
260     London : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc c1963, t.p. 1965.
[Pre-AACR2. Ignore the date of a later impression if that date follows a copyright date. Use this convention if you cannot find the publication date of the first impression of the first edition.]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     2012,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
264   1 Cambridge, Massachusetts : ǂb Harvard University Press, ǂc 2012.
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1939,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
264   1 Firenze : ǂb Casa editrice Adriano Salani, ǂc anno 18 [1939]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1991,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
040     ǂe dacs ǂe rda
264   1 [Place of publication not identified] : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc [1991?]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1983,blank characterblank characterblank characterblank character
264   1 Yerushalayim : ǂb E. Fisher, ǂc 744 [1983 or 1984]
[Non-Gregorian dates with no single Gregorian equivalent]
 

Multiple dates


i

Inclusive dates of collection. Use Date 1 and Date 2 for the earliest and latest years covered. If a single year represents the inclusive dates, enter that year in both Date 1 and Date 2. Use only in records with BLvl c or d.

DtSt:     i
Dates:     1910,1914
245 1 0 Camp Wyonegonic photograph album and Bennett School photographs, ǂf 1910, 1914.
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1912,1950
245 1 0 Frank M. Johnston papers, ǂf 1912-1950.
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1948,1948
245 1 0 Albert Einstein galley proofs with typescript and handwritten corrections for his article on relativity, ǂf 1948.
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1982,1983
245 1 0 Field recordings from Massachusetts, USA, ǂf July 1982-June 1983.
DtSt:     i
Dates:     2011,20uu
245 1 0 Haworth College of Business new collection, ǂf 2011-
DtSt:     i
Dates:     19uu,19uu
040     ǂe dacs
245 1 0 Ada Engen oral history photograph collection, ǂf undated.  
[Collection cataloged according to Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition]
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1954,1985
245 1 0 Department of Entomology and Parasitology records ǂf 1929-1985 ǂg (bulk 1954-1985).
[When both subfield ǂf and subfield ǂg are present, DtSt code i takes precedence]
 
k

Range of years of bulk of collection. Bulk dates are the dates covered by the majority of the collection. Use Date 1 and Dates 2 for the earliest and latest years covered. If a single year represents the bulk dates, use that year in both Date 1 and Date 2. Use only in records with BLvl c or d. When both inclusive dates in subfield ǂf and bulk dates in subfield ǂg are present in field 245, DtSt code i takes precedence.

DtSt:     k
Dates:     1949,2017
040     RCE ǂb eng ǂe local/TxHR ǂc RCE ǂd RCE ǂd OCLCO ǂd OCLCF
245 0 0 City of Bellaire [TX] historical records ǂg 1949-2017.
[Archival collection conforms to local practice]
 
m

Multiple dates. Use Date 1 for the initial year, Date 2 for the terminal year of a multipart item. If initial year and terminal year are the same for a multipart item, use code s.

For kits, code p is used when there is no single date of production or publication and when the kit's components have different dates. Use Date 1 for the earliest date on a component. Use Date 2 for the latest date. Enter a note in field 500 to link components with their respective dates.

DtSt:     m
Dates:     1995,1999
264   1 Manchester : ǂb Carcanet Press, ǂc 1995-1999.
DtSt:     m
Dates:     2011,2014
264   1 New York, N.Y. : ǂb The Library of America, ǂc 2011-2014.
DtSt:     m
Dates:     1966,9999
264   1 New York : ǂb Academic Press, ǂc 1966-
DtSt:     m
Dates:     uuuu,1981
260     Boston : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc -[1981]
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the earliest volume is not held.]
DtSt:     m
Dates:     197u,1987
260     Paris : ǂb Hachette, ǂc [197-]-1987.
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the publication date of the first volume is missing.]
DtSt:     m
Dates:     1943,197u
260     New York : ǂb Dover, ǂc 1943-[197-?]
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the publication date of the last volume is probable and has missing digits.] 
 
p

Date of distribution/release/issue and date of production/recording session when different. Both a date of distribution/release/issue in Date 1 and a date of production/recording in Date 2 are present because there is a difference between the two dates.

For computer files, code p is used when there is a difference between production date, the date the file first became operational for analysis and processing in machine-readable form in Date 2 and distribution date, the date the file became available to the public, usually through an established agency in Date 1.

For moving images, code p is used when a work with identical content but in a different medium has a later release date than the original work, (e.g., a videorecording released in 1978 that was originally produced as a motion picture in 1965).

DtSt:     p
Dates:     2015,1981
264   1 Beverly Hills, CA : ǂb MGM, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios, Inc., ǂc [2015]
500     Originally released as a motion picture in 1981.
DtSt:     p
Dates:     2017,2016
264   1 Los Angeles, CA : ǂb Twentieth Century Fox Home Entertainment, ǂc [2017]
500     Originally broadcast as single episodes of a television program in 2016-2017.
DtSt:     p
Dates:     2018,1991
264   1 [London] : ǂb BBC Worldwide, ǂc [2018]
500     Originally released as a motion picture in 1991.
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1981,1964
264   1 New York : ǂb MGM/CBS Home Video, ǂc 1981.
500     Originally produced as a motion picture in 1964.
[Identical content, but different medium (i.e., a videorecording of a motion picture) with a different release date.]
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1973,1971
260     London : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc 1971 [distributed 1973]
[Pre-RDA]
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1975,1972
260     London : ǂb BBC-TV, ǂc 1972 ; ǂa New York : ǂb Released by Time-Life Films, ǂc 1975.
[Pre-RDA]
 

Codes for multiple dates of execution


r

Reprint/reissue date and original date. Enter reprint/reissue date in Date 1 and date of original in Date 2.

Use code r for the following:

  • Re-releases of motion pictures and videorecordings in the same medium
  • Reissues of sound recordings in the same medium or a different medium
  • Previously published resources
  • Offprints

Evidence that a resource is a reprint may be recorded in the title, statement of responsibility, edition statement, series statement, or a note. The series or edition statement may have the word reprint.

The word reprint in the publisher's name may be evidence that the resource is a reprint. However, some publishers whose names include the word reprint also publish original works. Therefore, the publisher's name alone is not sufficient evidence.

If a resource qualifies as a republication and only slight changes have been made (e.g., minor corrections or new material has been added, such as an introduction, preface, foreword), treat the resource as a republication.

Use for resources reproduced from two or more works, works that have first appeared in another country, and works that have first appeared under a different title, unless there is evidence it is a translation.

Do not use code r for the following:

  • For resources that have changed enough to be considered new editions
  • Treat resources labelled as reprints issued by the same publisher as printings rather than formal reprints. For more information, see chapter 4, When to Input a New Record.
  • New editions, including new editions published under a different title
  • Electronic reproductions follow provider-neutral guidelines. For more information, see chapter 3.1, Provider-Neutral Cataloging, Online resources.
  • Print reproductions follow provider-neutral guidelines. For more information, see chapter 3.1, Provider-Neutral Cataloging, Print-on-demand publications and photocopies.
  • Microform reproductions (including theses and dissertations whether previously published or not). Code DtSt and Dates for the original. Enter date information for the microform reproduction in field 533 and in field 539 subfields ǂa, ǂb, and ǂc.
  • Translations
  • Preprints or prepublications

For motion pictures and videos, evidence of re-release can be identified as follows:

  • The graphic representation, form, content, or subject content is essentially the same as the original issue
  • The change is from one film size to another (e.g., 35 mm to 16 mm)
  • The change is from one medium for sound to another
  • The resource has been issued separately and also in a series without any changes other than those listed above

Do not use code r for the following motion pictures and videos:

  • Change in language or addition of subtitles in a language other than that of the sound track
  • Change from silent to sound or vice versa
  • Change from black-and-white to color or vice versa
  • Change from still to motion or vice versa
  • Change in the purpose of the film (e.g., released for educational purposes) when editing reflects that change in purpose
  • Change in running time from shorter to longer or vice versa
  • Change in form (e.g., a motion picture re-released as a videorecording)
 

Examples of code r


 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,1913
[Republication date is 1966. The original date is 1913.]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,1741
[Republication date is 1966. The original date is 1741. The copyright date is 1950.]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1866,uuuu
[Republication date is 1866. The original date is missing.]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1995,1963
[Unabridged and unaltered republication of the English language edition of the work first published in 1963]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1990,1855
046     ǂc 1990 ǂd 1890
[Item is reproduced from two or more works. This edition 1990 republication of Crotchets and quavers, originally published in 1855 and Sharps and flats, originally published in 1890.]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1990,1926
[Work first published in another country. This is the 1990 "1st American edition." First published under another title in 1926, but is not a translation.]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     uuuu,1963
264   1 New York : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc [date of publication not identified]
500     Previously published in 1963.
[No date is given in 264]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,uuuu
264   1 New York : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc 1966.
500     Reprinted from Green Howard's Gazette.
[Original date of publication is missing]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1983,1857
264   1 Boston : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc [1983?]
500     Originally published: Pittsburg, Pa. : W'm Schuchman & Bro. Lith., [1857].
DtSt:     r
Dates:     2000,1965
500     "Originally issued by the Musical Heritage Society in 1965 as LP #OR B-272/3/4"--Container.
[Reissued 2000, originally issued as LP in 1965]
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1978,uuuu
500     "Previously released as SR 90165 and 90449"--Container notes.
[Reissued 1978; original date of release not known]
t

Publication date and copyright date. The item has a publication, release, production, or execution date and a copyright date. Date 1 is the year of publication, release, production, or execution; Date 2, the year of copyright notice or phonogram copyright notice. Treat deposit dates (preceded by D.L., Dépot légal, etc.) as copyright dates.

DtSt:     t
Dates:     2017,2016
264   1 New York : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc 2017.
264   4 ǂc ©2016
DtSt:     t
Dates:     2013,2013
264   1 Brentwood, Tennessee : ǂb Sparrow Records, ǂc [2013]
264   4 ǂc ⓟ2013
DtSt:     t
Dates:     2015,2013
264   1 London : ǂb Taylor & Francis, ǂc 2015.
264   4 ǂc ©2013
DtSt:     t
Dates:     198u,1979
260     Berlin : ǂb Springer, ǂc [198-?], ©1979.
[Pre-RDA]
 

Codes for unknown or questionable dates


n

Dates unknown. Use for naturally occurring objects. Use also for [date of publication not identified] and similar designations in cataloging when no other code applies or in other cases in which no reasonable date can be determined. In such cases, both Date 1 and Date 2 are coded uuuu.

DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
245 0 0 Moon rock #53.
[Naturally occurring object. No 260 or 264 field is given.]
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
264   1 New York : ǂb Dover, ǂc [date of publication not identified]
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
245 0 0 [English Victorian costume].
q

Questionable date. A range of years is the only date that can be specified (e.g., between 1824 and 1840). Give the earliest year in Date 1 and latest in Date 2.

DtSt:     q
Dates:     2014,2015
264   1 New York : ǂb Parsons The New School for Design, ǂc [2014 or 2015]
DtSt:     q
Dates:     2000,2001
264   1 Indianapolis, Indiana : ǂb Office of the Indiana Attorney General, ǂc [2000 or 2001]
DtSt:     q
Dates:     1963,1966
260     New York : ǂb Hippocrene Books, ǂc [between 1963 and 1966]
DtSt:     q
Dates:     18uu,19uu
260     Amsterdam : ǂb Elsevier, ǂc [19th century and early 20th century]
DtSt:     q
Dates:     uuuu,1980
264   1 New York : ǂb Haworth, ǂc [not after 1980]
588 0   15th impression, 1980.
[Shows optional inclusion of note on issue, part, or iteration used as the basis for identification of the resource]
 

Codes for publication status of continuing resources

Choose the code for DtSt concurrently with choosing dates in Date 1 and Date 2. For continuing resource records you derive date information from field 362, field 264 subfield ǂc, field 260 subfield ǂc, and 5xx notes.

c

Continuing resource currently published. The continuing resource is currently being published. Currently published is defined as an item for which an issue or update has been received within the last three years.

DtSt:     c
Dates:     1953,9999
264   1 Chicago : ǂb University of Chicago Press
362 1   Began with volume for 1953.
DtSt:     c
Dates:     1984,9999
264   1 New York : ǂb Xerox Films, ǂc 1984-
362 0   Number 1-
DtSt:     c
Dates:     195u,9999
588 0   Volume 2, number 2 (February 1956).
[Date of first issue is unknown, but can be estimated]
DtSt:     c
Dates:     19uu,9999
264   1 New York : ǂb Wiley Interscience
588 0   1981.
[Date of first issue is unknown, but can be estimated]
DtSt:     c
Dates:     1uuu,9999
260     New York : ǂb Doubleday
588 0   1901.
[Date of first issue is unknown and cannot be estimated]
d

Continuing resource ceased publication. Either continuing resource has ceased publication or a change in author or title has caused a successive entry record to be created.

DtSt:     d
Dates:     1928,1941
264   1 Berlin : ǂb VZG, ǂc 1928-1941.
362 1   Began with volume 1, number 1 (February 1928); ceased with volume 14, number 2 (February 1941).
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1uuu,1958
264   1 New York : ǂb American Statistical Association, ǂc -1959.
362 1   Ceased with volume 10 (May 1958).
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1969,1972
260     Kuala Lumpur : ǂb J. Victor Morais
362 0   1969-1971/72.
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1963,1963
362 0   January-April 1963.
DtSt:     d
Dates:     19uu,1929
264   1 Boston : ǂb New England Historic Genealogical Society, ǂc -1929.
[Beginning date is unknown, but can be estimated]
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1945,19uu
264   1 Chicago : ǂb American Medical Association, ǂc 1945-
362   Ceased publication.
[Ending date is unknown, but can be estimated]
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1962,1962
362 0   Volume 1, no. 1 (January 1962)-
362   Ceased with no. 4 (April 1962)?
u

Continuing resource status unknown. No clear indication exists that publication of the continuing resource has ceased.

DtSt:     u
Dates:     1948,uuuu
362 0   1948-
DtSt:     u
Dates:     19uu,uuuu
588 0   1983.
[Beginning date is unknown, but can be estimated]
DtSt:     u
Dates:     1979,uuuu
264   1 New York : ǂb American Statistical Association, ǂc 1980-
362 0   1979-

Indexing

This fixed field element is not indexed.

This page last revised: September 18, 2018