Contents   Fixed field   Access points   0xx   1xx   2xx   3xx   4xx   5xx   6xx   7xx   8xx   9xx   Control subfields

264 Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture, and Copyright Notice (R)

Record Type

BIB

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Required if applicable
1st Indicator  Sequence of statements
blank character Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest
2 Intervening
3 Current/Latest
2nd Indicator  Function of entity
0 Production
1 Publication
2 Distribution
3 Manufacture
4 Copyright notice date
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards
ǂa Place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂb Name of producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂc Date of production, publication, distribution, manufacture, or copyright notice (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ3 Materials specified (NR) Optional/Optional
ǂ6 Linkage (NR) System supplied/System supplied
ǂ8 Field link and sequence number (R) Optional/Optional

Definition

Statement relating to the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release, or production of a work. Information in field 264 is similar to information in field 260. Field 264 is useful for cases where the content standard or institutional policies make a distinction between functions.

The Program for Cooperative Cataloging (PCC) has published the PCC Guidelines for the 264 field (http://www.loc.gov/aba/pcc/documents/264-Guidelines.doc). When using field 264, follow these guidelines. Note this comment on rare or special materials:

It should be noted that these guidelines do not address the application of the 264 field for materials cataloged under the standards for Descriptive Cataloging of Rare Materials (DCRM) or other standards for specialized materials. The communities working on the application of RDA for specialized materials will need to develop appropriate guidelines for using the 264 field with those materials.

Questions or comments about the PCC Guidelines for the 264 field should be addressed to coop@loc.gov.

1st Indicator

Sequence of statements.

 
blank character

Not applicable/No information provided/Earliest. Used when a resource is first cataloged. Information present when value is blank ( blank character ) is not changed (unless incorrect or earlier issues of a serial are later available with differing publishing information). Defined as "No information provided" for monographic works that are complete as first issued.

264   1 Columbia, S.C. : ǂb H.W. Williams Co., ǂc 1982.
 
2

Intervening. Used when the place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture or the name of the producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer changes. Additional production, publication, distribution, manufacture statements between the earliest and latest may also be recorded with first indicator value 2.

264 2 1 ǂ3 April 1937-April 1968: ǂa Chicago : ǂb Hewitt Bros.
 
3

Current/Latest. Used when the name of the producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer changes, or when the place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture associated with the earliest statement changes. The current statement may be added with first indicator value 3. Data given in a subsequent statement can be changed to reflect the current information when only the earliest and most current data is needed.

264 3 1 ǂ3 <2013-> : ǂa Thorofare, NJ : ǂb Healio.com

2nd Indicator

Function of entity.

 
0

Production. Field contains a statement relating to the inscription, fabrication, construction, etc., of a resource in an unpublished form.

264   0 [Denver, Colorado?] : ǂb [producer not identified], ǂc [1940?]
 
1

Publication. Field contains a statement relating to the publication, release, or issuing of a resource.

264   1 Washington : ǂb U.S. G.P.O., ǂc 1981-
 
2

Distribution. Field contains a statement relating to the distribution of a resource.

264   2 [Place of distribution not identified] : ǂb Adirondack Distributors, ǂc 2012.
 
3

Manufacture. Field contains a statement relating to the printing, duplicating, casting, etc., of a resource in a published form.

264   3 Nassau, Bahamas : ǂb Executive Printers of the Bahamas Ltd., ǂc 2012.
 
4

Copyright notice date. Field contains a date associated with a notice of protection under copyright or a similar regime. Copyright dates include phonogram dates (i.e., dates associated with claims of protection for sound recordings). If using second indicator 4, do not enter subfields ǂa or ǂb.

264   4 ǂc ©2009

Subfields

 
ǂa Place of production, publication, distribution, manufacture

Place of production, publication, distribution, or manufacture, transcribed as it appears on the source of information.

264   1 Boston : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc 2010.
264   3 Cambridge : ǂb Kinsey Printing Company
[On source: Published in Boston, 2010; Cambridge -- Kinsey Printing Company; no distribution information]
264   1 Rankin, Pennsylvania : ǂb St. Mary's Church, ǂc 1928.
264   1 Warrendale, PA, U.S.A. : ǂb SAE International, ǂc [1994]
264   1 [Place of publication not identified] : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc 2009.
264   2 Kuala Lumpur : ǂb Pengedar, Metro Book Distributor
264   3 [Place of manufacture not identified] : ǂb BRC Printing & Desktop Publishing Ltd.
264   1 Cham ; ǂa Heidelberg ; ǂa New York ; ǂa Dordrecht ; ǂa London : ǂb Springer, ǂc [2014]
ǂb Name of producer, publisher, distributor, manufacturer.

Name of producer, publisher, distributor, or manufacturer, transcribed as it appears on the source of information.

264   1 [Place of publication not identified] : ǂb ABC Publishers, ǂc 2009.
264   2 Seattle : ǂb Iverson Company
[On source: ABC Publishers, 2009; distributed by Iverson Company, Seattle]
264   1 New York, New York : ǂb Dell Publishing Co., Inc., ǂc [1972]
264   1 New York, N.Y. : ǂb New York Labor News Company, ǂc [1961]
264   1 [Chicago?] : ǂb Chicago and North Western Line, ǂc [1940?]
264   1 New York : ǂb Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group, ǂc [2014]
264   1 Munchen, Germany : ǂb C.H. Beck ; ǂa Oxford, United Kingdom : ǂb Hart ; ǂa Baden-Baden, Germany : ǂb Nomos ; ǂa Basel, Switzerland : ǂb Helbing Lichtenhahn, ǂc 2014.
264   2 [Place of distribution not identified] : ǂb Distributed by Hal Leonard
264   3 Hong Kong : ǂb [manufacturer not identified], ǂc [1995]
ǂc Date of production, publication, distribution, manufacture, or copyright notice

Date of production, publication, distribution, manufacture, or copyright notice. Precede a copyright date by the copyright symbol ( © ) or the phonogram copyright symbol ( ℗ ).

264   1 New York : ǂb Printed by order of the Board of Trustees, ǂc 1875.
264   1 Washington, D.C. : ǂb International Republican Institute, ǂc [date of publication not identified]
264   1 New York : ǂb Carlton and Lanahan, ǂc [between 1868 and 1872]
264   2 Waverly, IA : ǂb Distributed by CQ Products, ǂc [2010]
264   4 ǂc ©2002
264   4 ǂc ℗1983
Archival material guidelines for ǂc

Enter the date as a year or years. If you are cataloging a single manuscript according to AACR2, you may include the month and day (in that order) following the year.

245 1 0 Life of Romney.
264   ǂc 1807.
245 1 0 Exil / ǂc St.-J. Perse.
264   ǂc 1941.
245 1 0 Alice's adventures under ground : ǂb a Christmas gift to a dear child in memory of a summer day / ǂc [Lewis Carroll (Rev. C.L. Dodgson)].
264   ǂc 1864.
245 1 0 Sonnet, To Genevra / ǂc [Lord Byron].
264   ǂc 1813 Dec. 17.
245 0 0 Letter, 1854 Dec. 22, Washington, D.C. [to] Abraham Lincoln Springfield, Ill.
[No 264 field is used]
CNR guidelines for ǂc

Enter the date in field 264, even if it coincides with the date given in a "formatted" 362 field.

264   Mount Vernon, NY : ǂb Consumers Union of United States, ǂc 1942-
362     Vol. 7, no. 6 (June 1942)-

If no subfield ǂc is present (because the cataloging is not based on the first issue), do not use any final punctuation at the end of the data in subfield ǂb.

264   Des Moines, IA : ǂb Special Interest Publications
500     Description based on: Fall 1981; title from cover.
COM guidelines for ǂc

These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major computer file media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that computer file medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as release date in a different computer file medium, etc.

  • 3 1/2 inch floppy disk: 1982
  • 5 1/2 inch floppy disk: 1976
  • 8 inch floppy disk: 1971
  • CD-ROM: 1985
  • DVD-ROM: 1996
  • Electronic files remotely accessed via the World Wide Web: 1991
REC guidelines for ǂc

If the date of recording differs from the date of publication, enter the date of recording in coded form in field 033 and in textual form in field 518.

033 0 0 1961----
264   [New York] : ǂb Music Guild, ǂc 1971.
518     Recorded in 1961.

These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major audio media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that audio medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as date of sound capture, release date in a different audio medium, etc.

  • Audio cassette: 1965
  • Audio CD: 1982
  • DVD-Audio: 2000
  • LP: 1948
  • Playaway: 2005
  • Reel-to-reel tape: 1954
  • Streaming audio: 1999
VIS guidelines for ǂc

These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major videorecording media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that videorecording medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as release date in a different videorecording medium, etc.

  • Beta cassettes: 1975
  • Blu-ray disc: 2006
  • CAV (Constant Angular Velocity) standard play laser optical discs: 1978
  • CLV (Constant Linear Velocity) standard play laser optical discs: 1978
  • CED (Capacitance Electronic Disc) video discs: 1981
  • DVD-Video: 1996 (Japan); 1997 (USA)
  • Streaming video: 1999
  • U-matic/U-standard cassettes: 1971
  • VHS cassettes: 1976
ǂ3 Materials specified

For information about subfield ǂ3, see Control Subfields.

264   1 ǂ3 <1976-> : ǂa New York, NY : ǂb Alan R. Liss, Inc.
264 3 1 ǂ3 <2005-> : ǂa Hoboken, N.J. : ǂb Wiley-Liss, Inc.
ǂ6 Linkage

Data that link fields when non-Latin script is entered. This subfield is system supplied and does not appear in OCLC online displays. Do not add subfield ǂ6. For more information about subfield ǂ6, see Control Subfields.

ǂ8 Field link and sequence number

For information about subfield ǂ8, see Control Subfields.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, field 264.

This page last revised: January 29, 2018