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651  Subject Added Entry--Geographic Name (R)

Record Type

BIB, LBD

Input Standards

Field (Full/Minimal)
Required if applicable/Optional
1st Indicator  Undefined
blank character Undefined
2nd Indicator  Thesaurus
0 Library of Congress Subject Headings
1 LC subject headings for children's literature
2 Medical Subject Headings
3 National Agricultural Library subject authority file
4 Source not specified
5 Canadian Subject Headings
6 Répertoire de vedettes-matière
7 Source is specified in subfield ǂ2
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards (Full/Minimal)
ǂa Geographic name (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
ǂe Relator term (R) Optional/Optional
ǂg Miscellaneous information (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂv Form subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂx General subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂy Chronological subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂz Geographic subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ1 Real World Object URI (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ2 Source of heading or term (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂ3 Materials specified (NR) Optional/Optional
ǂ4 Relationship (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ6 Linkage (NR) System supplied/System supplied
ǂ8 Field link and sequence number (R) Optional/Optional

Definition

A geographic name used as a subject access point. Subject access points are assigned to a bibliographic record to provide access according to established subject cataloging principles and guidelines. Any institution assigning subject headings based on the lists and authority files identified in the 2nd indicator position or in subfield ǂ2 may use field 651.

Use field 651 for specific geographic names, including those in the following categories:

  • Administrative division of an area (e.g., conservation districts, sanitation districts, utility districts, water districts, etc.)
  • Astronomical objects or bodies (e.g., asteroids, comets, planets, stars, etc.)
  • Historic or current human settlements (e.g., communes, extinct cities, pueblos, refugee camps, etc.)
  • Infrastructure (e.g., bridges, canals, tunnels, streets, etc.)
  • Real estate (e.g., estates, farms, plantations, ranches, etc.)
  • Natural features (e.g., caves, deserts, seas, valleys, etc.)
  • Political jurisdictions (e.g., cities, countries, provinces, states, etc.)
  • Recreational areas (e.g., amusement parks, camps, esplanades, squares, etc.)

When in doubt on how an entity should be coded, see Alphabetical List of Ambiguous Headings.

Use field 651 also for a jurisdiction name alone or followed by a subject subdivision. Use field 610 for a name of a jurisdiction that represents an ecclesiastical entity in direct order. Use field 610 for a city section name, a corporate name, an ecclesiastical entity, a form subheading and/or a title of a work entered subordinately. Use field 650 for a geographic name included in a phrase subject heading (e.g., Iran in the Qur'an).

1st Indicator

Undefined. For information about the 1st indicator position, see Subjects--General Information.

blank character

Undefined

2nd Indicator

Thesaurus. For information about the 2nd indicator position, see Subjects--General Information.

 
0

Library of Congress Subject Headings

 
1

LC subject heading for children's literature

 
2

Medical Subject Headings

 
3

National Agricultural Library subject authority file

 
4

Source not specified

 
5

Canadian Subject Headings

 
6

Répertoire de vedettes-matière

 
7

Source is specified in subfield ǂ2

651   7 Iron Range, Minnesota ǂv Fiction ǂ2 henn

Subfields

 
ǂa Geographic name

For information about subfield ǂa, see Subjects--General Information.

651   0 Pompeii (Extinct city) ǂx Social life and customs
651   0 Mars (Planet) ǂx Juvenile literature
651   0 Sturgeon Lake Cree Nation ǂx History ǂv Sources
651   0 Antarctica ǂx Discovery and exploration
651   0 Chelston (Torquay, England) ǂx Maps
651   0 Red Sea ǂx Navigation
651   0 Grand Canyon (Ariz.) ǂx Pictorial works
651   0 Jeremy Ranch (Utah) ǂx History
651   0 South Carolina ǂx Politics and government ǂy 1775-1783
651   1 Seikan Tunnel (Japan)
651   5 Villeray-Saint-Michel-Parc-Extension (Montréal, Québec) ǂ0 (CaOONL)ncf10578460
651   6 Œufs, Île aux (Côte-Nord, Québec) ǂ0 (CaQQLa)201-0354959
651   7 Iles Éparses. ǂ2 ascl
651   7 French-speaking West Africa. ǂ2 sears
651   7 North Goulburn Island. ǂ2 tgn
ǂe Relator term

For information about subfield ǂe, see Subjects--General Information.

651   4 Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.), ǂe depicted
ǂg Miscellaneous information

For information about subfield ǂg, see Subjects--General Information.

ǂv Form subdivision

For information about subfield ǂv, see Subjects--General Information.

651   0 Salem (Mass.) ǂv Fiction
651   0 Halley's comet ǂv Juvenile literature
651   0 Plaza de San Francisco (Seville, Spain) ǂv Pictorial works
651   0 Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area (Calif.) ǂv Maps
651   0 Peru ǂv Guidebooks
ǂx General subdivision

For information about subfield ǂx, see Subjects--General Information.

651   0 Aix-en-Provence (France) ǂx Social life and customs ǂv Early works to 1800
651   0 Takizawa Dam (Japan) ǂx Design and construction
651   0 Disneyland (Calif.) ǂx History
651   0 Mosquitia (Nicaragua and Honduras) ǂx Description and travel
651   0 Baltistān District (Pakistan) ǂx Buildings, structures, etc.
ǂy Chronological subdivision

For information about subfield ǂy, see Subjects--General Information.

651   0 Greece ǂx History ǂy Geometric period, ca. 900-700 B.C.
651   0 France ǂx Civilization ǂy 1830-1900
651   0 Germany ǂx Religious life and customs ǂy Middle Ages, 843-1517
651   0 Ladysmith (South Africa) ǂx History ǂy Siege, 1899-1900
651   0 Queensland ǂx Intellectual life ǂy 20th century
ǂz Geographic subdivision

For information about subfield ǂz, see Subjects--General Information.

651   0 Japan ǂx Foreign relations ǂz Korea (South)
651   0 Lebanon ǂx Boundaries ǂz Syria
651   0 France ǂx Military relations ǂz Africa, Sub-Saharan
651   0 Eurasia ǂx Commerce ǂz Italy
651   0 Great Britain ǂx Colonies ǂz America
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number

For information about subfield ǂ0, see Control Subfields.

ǂ1 Real World Object URI

For information about subfield ǂ1, see Control Subfields.

ǂ2 Source of heading or term

For information about subfield ǂ2, see Control Subfields.

651   7 New York (N.Y.) ǂ2 ericd
ǂ3 Materials specified

For information about subfield ǂ3, see Control Subfields.

651   4 ǂ3 Church minutes ǂa Chicago (Ill.) ǂx Moral conditions
ǂ4 Relationship

For information about subfield ǂ4, see Control Subfields.

651   4 Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.) ǂ4 dpc
ǂ6 Linkage

Data that link fields when non-Latin script is entered. This subfield is system supplied and does not appear in OCLC online displays. Do not add subfield ǂ6. For more information about subfield ǂ6, see Control Subfields.

ǂ8 Field link and sequence number

For information about subfield ǂ8, see Control Subfields.

Punctuation

For information about punctuation, see Subjects--General Information.

For more information on punctuation, including OCLC policy, see section 2.8, Punctuation.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, field 651.

MARC 21

For more information, including content designator history, see MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data, field 651.

This page last revised: August 27, 2020