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DtSt:  Type of Date/Publication Status

Record Type

BIB

Bytes

ALL: 008/06

Input Standards

BKS, COM, MAP, MIX, REC, SCO, VIS: Mandatory. One-character code. Default:  fill character

CNR: Mandatory. One-character code. Default: c

Definition

 
BKS, CNR, COM, MAP, MIX, REC SCO, VIS, 006 

Use DtSt to categorize the type of dates (e.g., production, publication, distribution, manufacture, or copyright) in Dates.

The choice of code for DtSt is made concurrently with a determination of the appropriate dates for Dates. For most records data are derived from information in field 260, field 264, field 362, or from note fields. For archival collections and manuscript materials you may also derive date information from field 245 subfields ǂf and ǂg.

CNR For continuing resources, the code in DtSt also indicates the publication status.

Guidelines

 
CNR 

For continuing resources in any format, use DtSt to indicate the publication status; that is, whether the continuing resource is currently published, has ceased publication, or the publication status is unknown.

DtSt is based on publication information, not on local subscription or receipt status.

Non-continuing resources  Precedence for non-continuing resources. If more than one code applies, use the following chart to determine precedence.
Single part items or multipart items complete in one year Collections or multipart items complete in more than one year
b Before Common Era (B.C.) date   b Before Common Era (B.C.) date
r Reprint/Original date   i Inclusive date
e Detailed date   k Range of dates
s Single date   r Reprint/original date
p Distribution/production date   m Initial/terminal date
t Publication date and copyright date   t Publication date and copyright date
q Questionable date   n Unknown date
n Unknown date      


Codes

 
  Choose the code for DtSt concurrently with the dates in Date 1 and Date 2.
 

B.C. date

b  B.C. date involved. Use blanks in Dates if one or more of the dates are B.C. dates. Enter the appropriate code and B.C. date or dates in field 046.
DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank character blank character blank character blank character , blank character blank character blank character blank character 
046     k ǂb 150 ǂd 100
260     ǂc [150-100 B.C.]
DtSt:     b
Dates:     blank character blank character blank character blank character , blank character blank character blank character blank character 
046     k ǂb 135 ǂe 70
264   0
ǂc [135 B.C.-70 A.D.]
 

Single dates

e  Detailed date. Use if the issue date includes year and month or year, month, and day. Code uu is used for the final two characters of Date 2 if the day is unknown for an event known to have occurred on a specific day, such as an original broadcast date. Leave the final two characters of Date 2 blank if there is no day of month given on the item and no day can be inferred. Use the form yyyy,mmdd.
DtSt:     e
Dates:     2012,0323
264   1 Nairobi, Kenya : ǂb APHIA II OR Project in Kenya, Population Council, ǂc March 23, 2012.
DtSt:     e
Dates:     1976,11uu
264   1 U.S. : ǂb Triangle Film Corporation, ǂc November 1976.
[Televised material giving the date of original broadcast. Day of month is not given, however you can infer that the broadcast occurred on a specific day by supplying uu for the unknown date.] 
DtSt:     e
Dates:     2005, 05 blank character blank character 
264   1 Sacramento, Calif. : ǂb Association of California Water Agencies, ǂc May 2005.
[Issue date is May 2005. Day is "not applicable," because the publication is identified by month only and you cannot infer a date.] 
s  Single dates. A single year is on the item as the date of distribution, publication, release, production, execution, or writing.

Use also for unpublished items that have single dates of execution. Use code m for unpublished items that have a range of dates of execution.

Use also for a probable, approximate, or conjectural (uncertain or qualified) date that can be represented by four digits.

Use also for a single part unpublished item that has been executed over a period of time, such as a painting.

Enter the year in Date 1. Leave Date 2 blank.

DtSt:     s
Dates:     198u, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
260      New York : ǂb Oxford University Press, ǂc [198-] 
[Pre-RDA] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     19uu, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
260      London : ǂb Academic Press, ǂc [19--] 
[Pre-RDA] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     197u, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
260      Bloomington : ǂb Indiana University Press, ǂc [197-?] 
[Pre-RDA] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     2012, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
264    Cambridge, Massachusetts : ǂb Harvard University Press, ǂc 2012. 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1965, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
260      Paris : ǂb Presses universitaires de France, ǂc [1966 [i.e. 1965]] 
[Pre-RDA] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1939, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
264    Firenze : ǂb Casa editrice Adriano Salani, ǂc anno 18 [1939]
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1991, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
264    [Place of publication not identified] : ǂb [publisher not identified], ǂc [1991?] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1985, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
260       Sacramento, Calif. : ǂb California State Board of Equalization, ǂc approximately 1985.
[Pre-RDA hybrid] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1967, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1967/1968] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1932, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1932 [cover 1934] (Pre-AACR2)] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1969, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1969 printing] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1966, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1965 [i.e., 1966] (1968 printing)] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1929, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[Letter, 1929 February 8] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1886, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[Will, 1886 March 8] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1970, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1970, t.p. 1973 (pre-AACR2). Ignore the date of a later impression if that date follows the publication date and qualifies its position on the publication.] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1969, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[c1969 (1971 printing). Ignore a date qualified by the word printing unless that date is the only date.] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1950, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[c1950 t.p. 1974 (pre-AACR2). Ignore the date of a later impression if that date follows a copyright date. Use this convention if you cannot find the publication date of the first impression of the first edition.] 
DtSt:     s
Dates:     1980, blank character blank character blank character blank character 
[1980 [distributed in 1981]. If the imprint includes both publication date and distribution date, ignore the distribution date.] 

Do not use code s for the following:

  • Single items having a probable range of years. Use code q.
  • Collections. Use code k or i as appropriate.
 

Multiple dates

i  Inclusive dates of collection. Use Date 1 and Date 2 for the earliest and latest years covered. If a single year represents the inclusive dates, enter that year in both Date 1 and Date 2. Use only in records with Bibliographic Level c or d.
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1910, 1914
245 1 0 Camp Wyonegonic photograph album and Bennett School photographs, ǂf 1910, 1914
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1912, 1950
245 1 0 Frank M. Johnston papers, ǂf 1912-1950
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1948, 1948
245 1 0 Albert Einstein galley proofs with typescript and handwritten corrections for his article on relativity, ǂf 1948
DtSt:     i
Dates:     1982, 1983
245 1 0 Field recordings from Massachusetts, USA, ǂf July 1982-June 1983
DtSt:     i
Dates:     2011, 9999
245 1 0 Oregon Multicultural Archives oral history collection, ǂf 2011-
DtSt:     i
Dates:     19uu, 19uu
040     ǂe dacs
245 1 0 Ada Engen oral history photograph collection, ǂf undated.  
[Collection cataloged according to Describing Archives: A Content Standard, Second Edition] 
 
k  Range of years of bulk of collection. Bulk dates are the dates covered by the majority of the collection. Use Date 1 and Date 2 for the earliest and latest years covered. If a single year represents the bulk dates, use that year in both Date 1 and Date 2. Use only in records with Bibliographic Level c or d.
DtSt:     k
Dates:     1954, 1985
245 1 0 Department of Entomology and Parasitology records ǂf 1929-1985 ǂg (bulk 1954-1985).
DtSt:     k
Dates:     1985, 1997
245 1 0 Geraldine M. Johnson papers, ǂf 1973-1997 ǂg (bulk 1985-1997).
DtSt:     k
Dates:     1900,1999
245 1 0 Jack Fleming prison ephemera collection, ǂf 1796-2001 ǂg (bulk 1900-1999).
DtSt:     k
Dates:     1948, 1948
245 0 0 Czechoslovakia five year plan reports, ǂf 1948-1953 ǂg (bulk 1948).
DtSt:     k
Dates:     1960, 9999
245 1 0 Mathematics and Computer Science Department General Files ǂg (bulk 1960- )
 
m  Multiple dates. Use Date 1 for the initial year, Date 2 for the terminal year of a multipart item. If initial year and terminal year are the same for a multipart item, use code s.
DtSt:     m
Dates:     1995, 1999
264   1 Manchester : ǂb Carcanet Press, ǂc 1995-1999.
DtSt:     m
Dates:     2011, 2014
264   1 New York, N.Y. : ǂb The Library of America, ǂc 2011-2014.
DtSt:     m
Dates:     uuuu, 1981
260     Boston : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc -[1981]
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the earliest volume is not held.] 
DtSt:     m
Dates:     197u, 1987
260     Paris : ǂb Hachette, ǂc [197-]-1987.
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the publication date of the first volume is missing.] 
DtSt:     m
Dates:     1943, 197u
260     New York : ǂb Dover, ǂc 1943-[197-?].
[Pre-RDA. Multipart item for which the publication date of the last volume is probable and has missing digits.] 
DtSt:     m
Dates:     1966,9999
[1966-] 

Kits. Use for kits that bear no single date of production or publication and when the kit's components bear different dates. Use Date 1 for the earliest date on a component. Use Date 2 for the latest date. Enter a note in field 500 to link components with their respective dates.

Integrating resources. For integrating resources that are currently published, use code c. For integrating resources that have ceased publication, use code d.

 
p  Date of distribution/release/issue and date of production/recording session when different. Both a date of distribution/release/issue (Date 1) and a date of production/recording (Date 2) are present because there is a difference between the two dates. For computer files, code p is used when there is a difference between the date the file first became operational for analysis and processing in machine-readable form (i.e., production date) and the date the file became available to the public, usually through an established agency (i.e., distribution date). For moving images, if a work with identical content but in a different medium has a later release date than the original work, code p is used (e.g., a videorecording released in 1978 that was originally produced as a motion picture in 1965).
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1973,1971
[London : Macmillan, 1971 [distributed 1973]] 
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1975, 1972
[London : BBC-TV, 1972 ; New York : Released by Time-Life Films, 1975] 
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1981,1964
[New York : MGM/CBS Home Video, 1981. Originally produced as a motion picture in 1964. Identical content, but different medium (i.e., a videorecording of a motion picture) with a different release date.] 
DtSt:     p
Dates:     1975,197u
[London : BBC-TV, [197-?] ; New York : Released by Time-Life Films, 1975. Missing digits in year of production.] 
 

Codes for multiple dates of execution

r  Reprint/reissue date and original date. Reprints and reissues. Enter reprint/reissue date in Date 1 and date of original in Date 2. Use for re-releases of motion pictures and videorecordings in the same medium. Use for reissues of sound recordings in the same medium or a different medium.

Use for previously published items and for items that have had a previous published existence. Do not use for items that have changed enough to be published as new editions. Use also for offprints.

Evidence of reprint. Evidence that an item is a reprint appears in a note or a series statement, often containing the word reprint, or in the title paragraph.

The word reprint in the publisher's name may be evidence that the item is a reprint. However, some publishers whose names include the word reprint also publish original works. Therefore, the publisher's name alone is not sufficient evidence.

Some edition statements, such as 1st paperback edition, indicate a reprint/reissue of the work rather than a new edition.

If an item qualifies as a republication and only slight changes have been made (e.g., minor corrections or new material has been added, such as an introduction, preface, foreword), treat the item as a republication.

Use for items reproduced from two or more works, works that have first appeared in another country and works that have first appeared under a different title, unless there is evidence it is a translation.

Do not use code r for the following:

  • New editions, including new editions published under a different title.
  • Full-size, electronic or microform reproductions (including theses and dissertations whether previously published or not). Code DtSt and Dates for the original. Enter date information for the full-size, electronic or microform reproduction in field 533 and in field 539 subfields ǂa, ǂb and ǂc.
  • Translations.
  • Preprints or prepublications.

Evidence of re-release for motion pictures and videos. A re-release can be identified as follows:

  • The graphic representation, form, content or subject content is essentially the same as the original issue.
  • The change is from one film size to another (e.g., 35 mm. to 16 mm.).
  • The change is from one medium for sound to another.
  • The item has been issued as a single and also in a series without any changes other than the preceding.

Do not use code r for the following motion pictures and videos:

  • A change in language or addition of subtitles in a language other than that of the sound track.
  • A change from silent to sound or vice versa.
  • A change from black-and-white to color or vice versa.
  • A change from still to motion or vice versa.
  • A change in the purpose of the film (e.g., released for educational purposes) when editing reflects that change in purpose.
  • A change in running time from shorter to longer or vice versa.
  • A change in form (e.g., a motion picture re-released as a videorecording).
 

Examples of code r

 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,1913
[The original date is 1913. The reproduction date is 1966.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,1741
[The original date is 1741. The reproduction date is 1966. The copyright date is 1950.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1866,uuuu
[The original date is missing. The reproduction date is 1866.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1995,1963
[Unabridged and altered republication of the English language edition of the work first published in 1963.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1990,1855
[Item is reproduced from two or more works. This edition 1990 republication of Crotchets and quavers, originally published in 1855 and Sharps and flats, originally published in 1890.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1990,1926
[Work has appeared as an item in another country, but is not a translation. This is a 1990 "1st American ed." First published under another title in 1926.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     uuuu,1963
260     New York ǂc [n.d.]
500     Previously published in 1963.
[No date is given in 260 (Pre-AACR2).] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1966,uuuu
260     New York : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc 1966.
500     Reprinted from Green Howard's Gazette
[Original date or publication is missing.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1983,1857
260     Boston : ǂb [s.n., ǂc 1983?]
500     Original version: Pittsburg, Pa. : W'm Schuchman & Bro. Lith., [1857].
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1980,1959
[Imprint 1980. Originally issued as Columbia ML5932 in 1959. Reissue in same or new medium: Reissue in Date 1, original issue in Date 2.] 
DtSt:     r
Dates:     1978,uuuu
[Imprint: 1978. "Previously released as SR 90165 and 90449."--Container notes. Reissue in same or new medium: Reissue in Date 1, original issue in Date 2.] 
t  Publication date and copyright date. The item has a publication, release, production, or execution date and a copyright date. Date 1 is the year of publication, release, production, or execution; Date 2, the year of copyright notice or phonogram copyright notice. Treat deposit dates (preceded by D.L., Dépot légal, etc.) as copyright dates.
DtSt:     t
Dates:     1966, 1962
[1966, c1962 ( 1968 printing )] 
DtSt:     t
Dates:     1966,1965
[1966, c1965] 
DtSt:     t
Dates:     1980,1957
[1980 printing, c1957] 
DtSt:     t
Dates:     198u,1979
260     Berlin : ǂb Springer, ǂc [198-?], c1979.
DtSt:     t
Dates:     1982,1949
260     London : ǂb Macmillan, ǂc 1982, c1949.
 

Codes for unknown or questionable dates

n  Dates unknown. Use for naturally occurring objects. Use also for "No Dates [n.d.]" in pre-AACR2 cataloging when no other code applies or in other cases in which no reasonable date can be determined. In such cases, Date 1 and Date 2 are u.
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
[Naturally occurring object. No field 260.] 
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
260     New York : ǂb Dover, ǂc [n.d.]
[No date is given in 260 (Pre-AACR2).] 
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
260     [Spain]
DtSt:     n
Dates:     uuuu,uuuu
245     [English Victorian costume] ǂh [realia].
q  Questionable date. A range of years is the only date that can be specified (e.g., between 1824 and 1840). Give the earliest year in Date 1 and latest in Date 2.
DtSt:     q
Dates:     1966,1967
[1966 or 1967] 
DtSt:     q
Dates:     1965,1969
[Between 1965 and 1969] 
DtSt:     q
Dates:     18uu,19uu
260     Amsterdam : ǂb Elsevier, ǂc [19th century and early 20th century]
[Decade is missing for both earliest and latest date.] 
DtSt:     q
Dates:     1963,1966
260     New York : ǂb Hippocrene Books, ǂc [between 1963 and 1966]
DtSt:     q
Dates:     1983,1984
260     Yerushalayim : ǂb E. Fisher, ǂc 744 [1983 or 1984]
 

Codes for continuing or integrating resource publication status

c  Continuing or integrating resource currently published. The continuing or integrating resource is currently being published. Currently published is defined as an item for which an issue has been received within the last three years.
DtSt:     c
Dates:     1984,9999
264     New York : ǂb Xerox Films, ǂc 1984-
DtSt:     c
Dates:     1953,9999
264     Chicago : ǂb University of Chicago Press
362 1   Began with vol. for 1953.
DtSt:     c
Dates:     195u,9999
588     Description based on: Volume 2, number 2 (Feb. 1956).
[Date of first issue is unknown.] 
DtSt:     c
Dates:     19uu,9999
264     New York : ǂb Wiley Interscience
588     Description based on: 1981.
[Date of first issue is unknown, but can be estimated.] 
DtSt:     c
Dates:     1uuu,9999
260     New York : ǂb Doubleday
588     Description based on: 1901.
[Date of first issue is unknown and cannot be estimated.] 
d  Continuing or integrating resource ceased publication. Either new issues of a continuing or integrating resource have ceased to be published or a change in author or title has caused a successive entry record to be created.
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1928,1941
264   Berlin : ǂb VZG, ǂc 1928-1941.
362 1   Began with volume 1, number 1 (February 1928); ceased with volume 14, number 2 (February 1941).
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1uuu,1958
264   New York : ǂb American Statistical Association, ǂc -1959.
362 1   Ceased with v. 10 (May 1958).
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1968,1975
362   1968-1975.
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1963,1963
362   Jan.-Apr. 1963.
DtSt:     d
Dates:     19uu,1929
264   Boston : ǂb New England Historic Genealogical Society, ǂc -1929.
[Beginning date is unknown, but can be estimated.] 
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1945,19uu
264     Chicago : ǂb American Medical Association, ǂc 1945-
362   Ceased publication.
[Ending date is missing, but can be estimated.] 
DtSt:     d
Dates:     1962,1962
362   Vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 1962)-
362   Ceased with no. 4 (Apr. 1962)? 
u  Continuing resource status unknown. No clear indication exists that the publication of the continuing resource has ceased.
DtSt:     u
Dates:     1948,uuuu
362   1948-
DtSt:     u
Dates:     19uu,uuuu
588     Description based on: 1983.
DtSt:     u
Dates:     1979,uuuu
260     New York : ǂb American Statistical Association, ǂc 1980-
362   1979-

Indexing

This fixed field element is not indexed.

This page last revised: July 26, 2016