|ALL: Required if applicable. Two- or three-character code. Default:|
The state or country of publication, production or execution. Use production information or the imprint ( field 245 subfield ‡c , field 260, field 261 or field 262) or notes (5xx fields) to determine which code to use.
In records for serial items, Ctry reflects the place of publication of the latest issue, iteration, or part. For serials, Ctry may not reflect the place found in the publication information because AACR2 bases cataloging on the earliest issue. If you are updating a record and the place has changed, update Ctry and add a note (5xx field).
In records for mixed materials, Ctry reflects the repository where the materials are assembled. If applicable, use production information or the imprint ( field 245 subfield ‡c , field 260, field 261 or field 262) or notes (5xx fields) to determine which code to use.
For sound recordings, the code represents the place where the recording company is located. For items cataloged under pre-AACR2, use information from field 262 to determine the code.
For still images that are original or historical graphics, if geographical information can be deduced (as with some photographs, from information in field 245), a Place of publication, etc. code is recorded in Ctry. For archival moving images, the Ctry code represents the country of the producing entity from field 257. If the archival moving image is a multicountry production, the code for the first state or country is recorded in Ctry. Optionally, enter that code also in 044 Country of Publishing/Producing Entity Code (NR) followed by the codes for other states or countries involved in production. See field 044 for more information.
For most mass produced, commercially available videorecordings cataloged under AACR2, the code recorded in Ctry should correspond to the Place of Publication, Distribution, etc. in field 260 subfield ‡a.
For items cataloged under pre-AACR1, use information from field 261 to determine the code.
Use Ctry code xx if:
|See MARC Code List for Countries ( http://www.loc.gov/marc/countries/). Use the following guidelines for entering codes:|
United States, Canada, United Kingdom. For items published in the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom, use a three-character code. The first two characters represent the state, province or other subdivision. The third character represents the country.
Australia. For items published in Australia, use either the three-character codes for Australian states and territories or the two-character code at for Australia. In the three-character codes, the first two characters represent the state or territory and the third character represents the country.
Two-character codes represent other countries. Enter such codes left-justified with blank in the third position.
Reproductions. If the item is a reproduction, use the code for the place of publication of the original, which is in field 260 subfield ‡a, not for the place of reproduction, which is in field 533 subfield ‡b. You may supply Ctry codes for the place of the reproduction in field 539 subfield ‡d.
Name and possession changes. Follow MARC 21:
Codes are assigned according to present geographic boundaries. A place which has historically been located in more than one political jurisdiction is coded for the jurisdiction in which it is presently located. See MARC Code List for Countries ( http://www.loc.gov/marc/countries/).
Unknown place of publication. If no place of publication is in field 260, field 261 or field 262, use code xx (unknown). If the imprint has the abbreviation n.p. or s.l., use code xx . If the place (e.g., city) is known but the country is unknown, use code xx.
Theses and dissertations. If a commercially published thesis or dissertation contains a commercial-publisher name in field 260, use the place in field 260 subfield ‡a for Ctry. Use code xx for original and reproduced theses and dissertations.
Multiple places of publication. If more than one place of publication appears in the imprint, use the code that represents the state or country of the first place listed. Usually, the British Library codes UK MARC records for the British place of publication, although another place may be listed first. Optionally, the code may be repeated in field 044 (Country of Publication).
Various places of publication. Use the code for various places of publication ( vp ) only if the imprint has v.p. Do not use the abbreviation v.p. in AACR2 cataloging. Do not use code vp for original cataloging.
Questionable places of publication. If a question mark follows the place of publication in the imprint, code as if there is no doubt about the place of publication. If the place of publication is in brackets, code for that place as if there is no doubt about the place of publication.
Fictitious places of publication. If field 260 names both a fictitious place of publication and a real place of publication, use the code for the real place. If the real place of publication is unknown, use the code for the fictitious place.
Multipart items. If you are cataloging a multipart item, use the code for the state or country of publication of the first piece cataloged. Do not change the code if later parts are published in a different place.