Information relating to the publication, printing, distribution, issue, release or production of a work.
For unpublished items or materials that are collectively controlled, field 260 may not be included in a record or may contain only subfield ‡c (Date of publication, distribution, etc.) .
Information in field 260 is similar to information in field 264 (Production, Publication, Distribution, Manufacture, and Copyright Notice). Field 260 is useful for cases where the content standard or institutional policies used do not make a distinction between functions.
|Use the following guidelines for entering data in field 260: |
| || |
- Enter multiple place names or publisher names in separate subfields.
- Enter multiple occurrences of other components, such as dates, in separate subfields only if a different type of component intervenes.
- Enter components of "real" imprints (carried in brackets and identified by the phrase i.e.) in separate subfields only if a different type of component intervenes.
- Enter the qualification of a place in the same subfield as the place name.
- Enter the statement of the function of a publisher in the same subfield as the publisher's name.
For changes in publisher, see the Library of Congress/Program for Cooperative Cataloging guidelines on the repeatable 260 field: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/cpso/260field.html.
Do not enter field 260 in the same record with field 262. Note: Fields 262 should be converted to field 260 or field 264 when possible or reported to OCLC via firstname.lastname@example.org.
|VIS || |
If you are cataloging locally produced audiovisual items and off-air videorecordings that are not released, published, or similarly issued in multiple copies as an edition, you may enter only a date in field 260. Or, if you enter the date elsewhere in the record, you do not have to enter any information in field 260. See section 3.7, " Locally Made Videorecordings," for more information.
If you are cataloging two-dimensional nonprojected graphic materials, use field 260 for publication data for both pre-AACR2 and AACR2 records.
|Archival material || |
Use field 260 for the date or inclusive dates for a single manuscript or a collection, unless the date is part of the title.
|COM || |
Use subfields ‡a, ‡b and ‡c for producer and distributor data. Use subfields ‡e, ‡f and ‡g for generator data.
The producer is the person or corporate body with the financial and/or administrative responsibility for the physical processes whereby the file is brought into existence. The producer may also be responsible for the collection of data and their conversion into machine-readable form.
A distributor is a person or organization designated by the author or producer to reproduce copies of the file.
A generator is a person or corporate body with responsibility for the physical process by which a file is converted into machine-readable form (e.g., keypunching), but whose responsibility does not extend beyond data conversion.
|Sequence of publishing statements. |
| || |
| ||Not applicable/no information provided/earliest available publisher. Used when a resource is first cataloged. Information given in first indicator value is not changed (unless incorrect or earlier issues of a serial are later available with differing publishing information). Defined as "No information provided" for monographic works that are complete as first issued. Only one publishing statement may contain first indicator value in a record. |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡b Gauthier-Villars ; ‡a Chicago : ‡b University of Chicago Press, ‡c 1955. |
| || |
| 2 ||Intervening publisher. Used when the publisher or place of publication changes. Additional publishing statements between the earliest and latest may also be recorded with first indicator value 2. |
|260 ||2 || ||‡3 1980-May 1993 ‡a London : ‡b Vogue |
| || |
| 3 ||Current/latest publisher. Used when the publisher changes or when the place of publication associated with the earliest publisher changes. The current publishing statement may be added with first indicator value 3. Data given in a subsequent publishing statement can be changed to reflect the current information when only the earliest and most current data is needed. |
|260 ||3 || ||‡3 1998- ‡a Washington, D.C. : ‡b National Agriculture Library : ‡b For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.. |
|Undefined. The 2nd indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( ). |
| || |
| ||Undefined |
| ‡a Place of publication, distribution, etc. ||The place of publication and any additions to the name of a place, including an address, bracketed correction to erroneous information, or bracket clarification of a fictitious place. |
|260 || || ||Belfast [i.e. Dublin] |
|260 || || ||London (35 Notting Hill Gate, London, W.11) |
If two places are recorded, enter each place name in a separate subfield ‡a.
|260 || || ||Philadelphia : ‡b Independent Productions ; ‡a London |
|260 || || ||München ; ‡a Hannover |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b Wiley ; ‡a Oxford |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡b Gauthier-Villars ; ‡a Chicago |
If the probable place of publication cannot be determined, use the abbreviation [S.l.]
| ‡b Name of publisher, distributor, etc. ||The name of the publisher or distributor and any qualifying terms, such as an indication of function (other than solely publishing) performed by the person or body. |
|260 || || ||[Chicago, Ill.] : ‡b Produced by National Opinion Research Center as part of the National Data Program for the Social Sciences |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b RCA Victor |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b Audio-Visual Division, Popular Science Pub. Co. |
|260 || || ||London (25 Notting-Hill Gate, London, W. 11) : ‡b Sussex Tapes |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b Released by Beaux Arts |
|260 || || ||Montréal : ‡b National Film Board of Canada [production company] |
|260 || || ||Manchester : ‡b University of Manchester, Dept. of Medical Biochemistry [distributor] |
|260 || || ||New York ; ‡a London : ‡b McGraw-Hill |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b On Target Publications |
|260 || || ||[London] : ‡b Royal Geographical Society |
|260 || || ||Edinburgh : ‡b Palingenesis Press |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b Distributed by New York Graphic Society |
If two publishers, distributors, etc., are named, enter each name in a separate subfield ‡b.
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b American Broadcasting Co. [production company] : ‡b Released by Xerox Films |
|260 || || ||Montréal : ‡b National Film Board of Canada [production company] ; ‡a London : ‡b Guild Sound and Vision [distributor] |
|260 || || ||San Francisco : ‡b Davidson Films [production company] ; ‡a Morristown, N.J. : ‡b Silver Burdett [publisher] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Iron and Steel Board : ‡b British Iron and Steel Federation |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b Wiley ; ‡a Oxford : ‡b Pergamon [distributor] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Shepherd-Walwyn ; ‡a New York : ‡b Distributed by International Publications Service |
If the probable publisher, distributor, etc., is unknown, use the abbreviation [s.n.].
|CNR || |
Enter only the first publisher or distributor in field 260. Enter the names of later publishers in note form in the appropriate 5xx Fields. Enter any necessary added entries in field 700, field 710 or field 711.
| ‡c Date of publication, distribution, etc. ||The date of publication. |
| ||If the date of manufacture is substituted for the date of publication, use subfield ‡c. If there is a date of publication and a date of manufacture, use subfield ‡g for the date of manufacture. |
The date represents the date of publication of the edition specified in field 250, not the date of a subsequent printing. A difference in the date of publication of an edition justifies a new record. If the date is unknown or estimated (e.g., [197-?.] vs. [1965?]), use judgment.
|Summary of Field 260 ‡c, Date of Publication |
|Publication Date ||Copyright Date ||Printing Date ||Field 260 ‡c ||DtSt / |
|Publication date only ||2001 || || ||2001 ||s / 2001 |
|Copyright date only || ||c2000 || ||c2000 ||s / 2000 |
|Printing date only || || ||2001 printing || ||s / 2001 |
|Printing date only [not 1st impression] || || ||15th impression, 2001 || ||s / 2001 |
|Publication date = copyright date ||2001 ||c2001 || ||2001 ||s / 2001 |
|Publication date > copyright date ||2001 ||c2000 || ||2001 ||s / 2001 |
|Publication date < copyright date ||2000 ||c2001 || ||2000 ||s / 2000 |
|Publication date < 1st impression date ||2000 || ||1st printing, 2001 ||2000 [i.e., 2001] ||s / 2001 |
|Publication date < other impression date (not 1st) ||2000 || ||15th impression, 2001 ||2000 ||s / 2000 |
|Copyright date = year of manufacture || ||c2000 ||2000 printing ||c2000 ||s / 2000 |
|Copyright date does not = year of manufacture || ||c2000 ||2001 printing ||c2000 ||s / 2000 |
|Explicit copyright renewal dates ignored for works copyrighted before 1978 || ||c1925, copyright renewed 1953 || ||c1925 ||s / 1925 |
|Multiple copyright dates with first date after 1977 || ||c1978,... |
| ||c2001 ||s / 2001 |
|Received in [year]; publication date in year following ||2002 [book received in 2001] || || ||2002 ||s / 2002 |
|Received in [year]; copyright date in year following || ||c2002 [book received in 2001] || ||c2002 ||s / 2002 |
|Table adapted from an original reprinted by permission of The Public Library of Cincinnati and Hamilton County. |
|260 || || ||Stony Brook, N.Y. : ‡b Krell Software Corp., ‡c c1982. |
|260 || || ||[Chicago, Ill.] : ‡b Produced by National Opinion Research Center as part of the National Data Program for the Social Sciences ; ‡a Storrs [Conn.] : ‡b Data distributed by Roper Public Opinion Research Center, University of Connecticut, ‡c 1980. |
|260 || || ||Santa Ana, Calif. : ‡b Doubleday Multimedia, ‡c 1973. |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b American Broadcasting Co. [production company] : ‡b Released by Xerox Films, ‡c 1973. |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Methuen, ‡c 1976- |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Faber Music, ‡c 1697 [i.e. 1967] |
|260 || || ||Yerushalayim : ‡b E. Fisher, ‡c 744 [1983 or 1984] |
If you are cataloging a single manuscript, map manuscript, music manuscript, or thesis according to manuscript rules, enter only one date.
|245 ||1 ||0 ||Letter, 1854 Dec. 22, Washington, D.C. [to] Abraham Lincoln, Springfield, Ill. |
|[No 260 field is used.] |
If the publication date differs from the date of distribution, add the date of distribution if it is considered to be significant by the cataloguing agency.
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Macmillan, ‡c 1971 [distributed 1973] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b BBC-TV, ‡c 1972 ; ‡a New York : ‡b Released by Time-Life Films, ‡c 1975. |
Enter multiple dates in the same subfield ‡c unless a different type of component intervenes.
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Macmillan, ‡c 1697 [i.e. 1967] |
|260 || || ||New York : ‡b McGraw-Hill, ‡c 1967, c1965. |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡b Impr. Vincent, ‡c 1798 ‡a [i.e. Bruxelles : ‡b Moens, ‡c 1883] |
If a date is unavailable, enter an approximate date. Use brackets [ ] around the date.
|260 || || ||Big Spring, Tex. : ‡b Creative Visual, ‡c [197-?] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Macmillan, ‡c [1971 or 1972] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Macmillan, ‡c [1990?] |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Macmillan, ‡c [199-?] |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡b [s.n., ‡c ca. 1898] |
If you are cataloging a reprint, enter the date of the reprint in field 260.
|260 || || ||Ithaca, N.Y. : ‡b Press of Andrews & Church, ‡c 1970- |
|362 ||0 || ||Vol. 1, no. 1 (June 1894)- |
If you are cataloging unpublished items, enter only a date in field 260.
|Archival material guidelines for ‡c || |
Enter the date as a year or years. If you are cataloging a single manuscript according to AACR2, you may include the month and day (in that order) following the year.
|245 ||1 ||0 ||Life of Romney. |
|260 || || ||‡c 1807. |
|245 ||1 ||0 ||Exil / ‡c St.-J. Perse. |
|260 || || ||‡c 1941 |
|245 ||1 ||0 ||Alice's adventures under ground : ‡b a Christmas gift to a dear child in memory of a summer day / ‡c [Lewis Carroll (Rev. C.L. Dodgson)]. |
|260 || || ||‡c 1864. |
|245 ||1 ||0 ||Sonnet, To Genevra / ‡c [Lord Byron]. |
|260 || || ||‡c 1813 Dec. 17. |
|245 ||0 ||0 ||Letter, 1854 Dec. 22, Washington, D.C. [to] Abraham Lincoln Springfield, Ill. |
|[No 260 field is used.] |
|CNR guidelines for ‡c || |
Enter the date in field 260, even if it coincides with the date given in a "formatted" 362 field.
|260 || || ||Mount Vernon, NY : ‡b Consumers Union of United States, ‡c 1942- |
|362 || || ||Vol. 7, no. 6 (June 1942)- |
If no subfield ‡c is present (because the cataloging is not based on the first issue), do not use any final punctuation at the end of the data in subfield ‡b.
|260 || || ||Des Moines, IA : ‡b Special Interest Publications |
|500 || || ||Description based on: Fall 1981; title from cover. |
|COM guidelines for ‡c || |
These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major computer file media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that computer file medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as release date in a different computer file medium, etc.
3 1/2 inch floppy disk: 1982
5 1/2 inch floppy disk: 1976
8 inch floppy disk: 1971
Electronic files remotely accessed via the World Wide Web: 1991
|REC guidelines for ‡c || |
If the date of recording differs from the date of publication, enter the recording in coded form in field 033 and in textual form in field 518.
|033 ||0 ||0 ||1961---- |
|260 || || ||[New York] : ‡b Music Guild, ‡c 1971. |
|518 || || ||Recorded in 1961. |
These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major audio media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that audio medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as date of sound capture, release date in a different audio medium, etc.
Audio cassette: 1965
Audio CD: 1982
Reel-to-reel tape: 1954
Streaming audio: 1999
|VIS guidelines for ‡c || |
These are the dates of first availability (publication) of some of the major videorecording media. Dates earlier than these cannot be a proper date of publication for that videorecording medium. Earlier dates may represent such bibliographic events as release date in a different videorecording medium, etc.
Beta cassettes: 1975
Blu-ray disc: 2006
CAV (Constant Angular Velocity) standard play laser optical discs: 1978
CLV (Constant Linear Velocity) standard play laser optical discs: 1978
CED (Capacitance Electronic Disc) video discs: 1981
DVD-Video: 1996 (Japan); 1997 (USA)
Streaming video: 1999
U-matic/U-standard cassettes: 1971
VHS cassettes: 1976
| ‡d Plate or publisher number ||Prior to AACR2, practice was to enter the plate number or publisher number in the imprint. AACR2 prescribes that you enter the plate or publisher number as a note ( field 028 and/or field 500). Pre-AACR2 records may have plate or publisher numbers in field 260. Do not use subfield ‡d for plate or publisher numbers for current cataloging. |
|260 ||0 || ||[Zürich] ‡b Universal Edition ‡c [c1965] ‡d Pl. no. UE 135312. |
| ‡e Place of manufacture ||Enter place of manufacture only if necessary to identify the item. Ordinarily, do not enter the information to represent different printings of the same edition. |
|260 || || ||[S.l. : ‡b s.n.], ‡c 1991 ‡e (London) |
| ‡f Manufacturer ||Enter manufacturer only if necessary to identify the item. Ordinarily, do not enter the information to represent different printings of the same edition. |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡b [s.n., ‡c ca. 1898] ‡e (Paris : ‡f LeBrun) |
| ‡g Date of manufacture ||Enter date of manufacture only if necessary to identify the item. Ordinarily, do not enter the information to represent different printings of the same edition. |
|260 || || ||London : ‡b Laurie & Whittle, ‡c 1804 ‡g (1810 printing) |
| ‡3 Materials specified ||Information to differentiate the multiple statements of the described materials to which the field applies. |
|260 || || ||Paris : ‡a New York : ‡b Vogue ‡c 1964- |
|260 ||2 || ||‡3 1980-May 1993 ‡a London : ‡b Vogue |
|260 ||3 || ||‡3 June 1993- ‡a London : ‡b Elle |
|260 ||2 || ||‡3 2000?-2002 ‡a New York : ‡b Columbia University Press |
|Field 260 prints in the title paragraph. Subfield 3 prints in the order found in the record. For more information, see OCLC Catalog Cards: http://www.oclc.org/support/documentation/worldcat/cataloging/cards/default.htm. |