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Comp:  Form of Composition


REC, SCO: 008/18-19; 006/01-02

Input Standards

REC, SCO: Optional. Two-character code. Default: uu


REC, SCO, 006 

The form of composition of printed and manuscript music and musical sound recordings. The form of composition code is based on the terminology in the work itself and provides a coded approach to the content of the work. In addition to codes for forms, the list also includes codes for musical genres (e.g., Ragtime music). The codes are based on LC subject headings.


Assign codes when they apply to the item as a whole (e.g., if the item is a symphony and one of the movements is in sonata form, only the code for symphonies is recorded). If more than one code is appropriate, use the code mu (Multiple forms), with appropriate specific codes given optionally in field 047 (Form of Musical Composition Code). This information in textual form may be contained in field 380 (Form of Work). Also use code mu when non-MARC codes are contained in field 047.


blank character   No information supplied 
an  Anthems. Anthems, antiphons and magnificats.
bd  Ballads 
bt  Ballets 
bg  Bluegrass music 
bl  Blues 
cn  Canons and rounds. Canons, rounds and other compositions employing strict imitation throughout.
ct  Cantatas 
cz  Canzonas. Instrumental music so designated.
cr  Carols 
ca  Chaconnes 
cs  Chance compositions 
cp  Chansons, polyphonic 
cc  Chant, Christian 
cb  Chants, Other 
cl  Chorale preludes 
ch  Chorales 
cg  Concerti grossi 
co  Concertos 
cy  Country music 
df  Dance forms. Music for individual dances, except Mazurkas, Minuets, Pavanes, Polonaises and Waltzes.
dv  Divertimentos, serenades, cassations, divertissements and notturni 
ft  Fantasias. Also for fancies, fantasies, etc.
fl  Flamenco. Generic term which refers to all the Flamenco styles, or palos, and to other forms of song and dance coming from the folkloric tradition of Spanish gypsies.
fm  Folk music. Includes folk songs.
fg  Fugues 
gm  Gospel music 
hy  Hymns 
jz  Jazz 
md  Madrigals 
mr  Marches 
ms  Masses 
mz  Mazurkas 
mi  Minuets 
mo  Motets 
mp  Motion picture music 
mu  Multiple forms or non-MARC codes present in 
mc  Musical revues and comedies 
nc  Nocturnes 
nn  Not applicable. Not a musical sound recording.
op  Operas 
or  Oratorios 
ov  Overtures 
pt  Part-songs 
ps  Passacaglias. All types of ostinato basses.
pm  Passion music 
pv  Pavans 
po  Polonaises 
pp  Popular music 
pr  Preludes 
pg  Program music. Do not use for symphonic poems.
rg  Ragtime music 
rq  Requiems 
rp  Rhapsodies 
ri  Ricercars 
rc  Rock music 
rd  Rondos. Rondos and instrumental rondeaux.
sn  Sonatas 
sg  Songs 
sd  Square dance music 
st  Studies and exercises. Items intended for teaching purposes (often entitled "Studies," "Etudes," etc.), not for "concert etudes."
su  Suites 
sp  Symphonic poems 
sy  Symphonies 
tl  Teatro lirico. Used for a large number of more specific terms which describe Spanish and Spanish American theatre music: tonadilla escénica, fiestas de música, sainetes líricos, entremeses cómico-lírico, etc.
tc  Toccatas. Instrumental music so designated.
ts  Trio-sonatas 
uu  Unknown. Items whose form and genre are unstated or unknown or whose subject headings reflect only the medium of performance.
vi  Villancicos. Characteristic form of Spanish polyphony, religious or secular, from the 16th to 18th centuries. Religious villancicos were usually sung in important ceremonies (including Christmas, when these songs were sometimes called pastoradas).
vr  Variations 
wz  Waltzes 
za  Zarzuelas. Term applicable to all musical plays taking that name, from the fiestas de zarzuela of the 17th/18th-centuries to the so-called zarzuela moderna ("modern zarzuela") from the mid-19th to the mid-20th century.
zz  Other forms not found on this list. None of the other defined codes are appropriate (e.g., incidental music, electronic music, etc.).
fill character  No attempt to code. If the fill character is used, both positions must be coded with the fill character.

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