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034  Coded Cartographic Mathematical Data (R)

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Optional
1st Indicator  Type of scale
0 Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded
1 Single scale
3 Range of scale
2nd Indicator  Type of ring
blank character Not applicable
0 Outer ring
1 Exclusion ring
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards
ǂa Category of scale (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
ǂb Constant ratio linear horizontal scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂc Constant ratio linear vertical scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂd Coordinates–westernmost longitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂe Coordinates–easternmost longitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂf Coordinates–northernmost latitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂg Coordinates–southernmost latitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂh Angular scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂj Declination–northern limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂk Declination–southern limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂm Right ascension–eastern limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂn Right ascension–western limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
ǂp Equinox (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂr Distance from earth (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂs G-ring latitude (R) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂt G-ring longitude (R) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂx Beginning date (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂy Ending date (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂz Name of extraterrestrial body (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ2 Source (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
ǂ3 Materials Specified (R) Optional/Optional
ǂ8 Field link and sequence number (R) Optional/Optional

Definition

Cartographic mathematical data, including scale, projection and/or coordinates.

Enter a corresponding field 255 for each 034 field.

Flat maps and globes
  • Use 1st indicator value 1 for a single scale. Use subfield ǂb for the scale.
  • Use 1st indicator value 3 for a range of scales. Use the first subfield ǂb for the smaller denominator; use a second subfield ǂb for the larger.
  • Use subfields ǂd, ǂe, ǂf and ǂg for coordinates.
  • Use separate 034 fields to record two scales.
Relief models
  • Use 1st indicator value 1 for a single scale. Use subfield ǂb for the horizontal scale; subfield ǂc for the vertical.
  • Use 1st indicator value 3 for a range of scales. Use the first subfield ǂb for the smaller horizontal scale denominator; use a second subfield ǂb for the larger. Use the first subfield ǂc for the smaller vertical scale denominator; use a second subfield ǂc for the larger.
  • Use subfields ǂd, ǂe, ǂf and ǂg for coordinates.
  • Use separate 034 fields to record two scales.
Celestial charts
  • Use subfield ǂh to enter the scale.
  • Use subfields ǂj and ǂk for the declination.
  • Use subfields ǂm and ǂn for the right ascension.
  • Use subfield ǂp for the equinox.

1st Indicator

Type of scale. The type of scale information given.

 
0

Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded. No scale information is given.

 
1

Single scale. A single horizontal scale.

 
3

Range of scale. A range of scales. Use only if the scale varies on a single map.

2nd Indicator

Type of ring. The type of ring for digital cartographic items.

 
blank character

Not applicable. The type of ring is not applicable.

 
0

Outer ring. The closed non-intersecting boundary of the area covered.

 
1

Exclusion ring. The closed non-intersecting boundary of the area within the excluded G-polygon outer ring.

Subfields

 
ǂa Category of scale

The type of scale of the item. Use even when the 1st indicator value is 0.

a  Linear scale

b  Angular scale. Use for celestial charts.

z  Other. Use for all other scales, e.g., time scale, quantitative statistical scale, etc.

ǂb Constant ratio linear horizontal scale

The denominator of the representative fraction for the horizontal scale. The larger scale (smaller number) is generally given first.

034 1   a ǂb 1000000
034 3   a ǂb 18000 ǂc 28000
ǂc Constant ratio linear vertical scale

The denominator of the representative fraction for the vertical scale of relief models and other three-dimensional items. Give the larger scale (smaller number) first.

034 1   a ǂb 744000 ǂc 96000
ǂd Coordinates–westernmost longitude

The westernmost extent of the item.

ǂe Coordinates–easternmost longitude

The easternmost extent of the item.

ǂf Coordinates–northernmost latitude

The northernmost extent of the item.

ǂg Coordinates–southernmost latitude

The southernmost extent of the item.

Guidelines for subfields ǂd, ǂe, ǂf, and ǂg

Subfields ǂd, ǂe, ǂf, and ǂg must always be entered together.

Record coordinates in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees- minutes-seconds) or, in other forms, such as decimal degrees. Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeros.

Degrees/minutes/seconds: hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds):

034 1   a ǂb 22000000 ǂd W1800000 ǂe E1800000 ǂf N0840000 ǂg S0700000
255     Scale 1:22,000,000 ǂc (W 180º--E 180º/N 84º--S 70º).
034 1   a ǂb 253440 ǂd E0790000 ǂe E0860000 ǂf N0200000 ǂg N0120000
255     Scale 1:253,440. 1 in. = 4 miles ǂc (E 79º--E 86º/N 20º--N 12º).

Decimal degrees: hddd.dddddd (hemisphere-degrees.decimal degrees):

034 1   a ǂb 100000 ǂd E079.533265 ǂe E086.216635 ǂf S012.583377 ǂg S020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 ǂc (E 79.533265--E 086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal degrees: + -ddd.dddddd (hemisphere[+/-]-degrees.decimal degrees [+ for N and E, - for S and W with + being optional]):

034 1   a ǂb 100000 ǂd +079.533265 ǂe +086.216635 ǂf -012.583377 ǂg -020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 ǂc (E 079.533265--E 086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal degrees without the optional +:

034 1   a ǂb 100000 ǂd 079.533265 ǂe 086.216635 ǂf -012.583377 ǂg -020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 ǂc (E 79.533265--E 086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal minutes: hdddmm.mmmm (hemisphere-degrees-minutes.decimal minutes):

034 1   a ǂb 100000 ǂd E07932.5332 ǂe E08607.4478 ǂf S01235.5421 ǂg S02028.9704
255     Scale 1:100,000 ǂc (E 07932.5332--E 08607.4478/S 01235.5421--S 02028.9704).

Decimal seconds: hdddmmss.sss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds.decimal seconds):

034 1   a ǂb 100000 ǂd E0793235.575 ǂe E0860727.350 ǂf S0123536.895 ǂg S0202858.125
255     Scale 1:100,000 ǂc (E 0793235.575--E 0860727.350 /S 0123536.895--S 0202858.125).

If you enter the coordinates as a center point rather than outside limits ("bounding box"), enter the longitude and latitude twice (in field 034, subfields ǂd and ǂe and in ǂf and ǂg, respectively).

034 1   a ǂb 75000 ǂd W0950500 ǂe W0950500 ǂf N0300300 ǂgN0300300
255     Scale 1:75,000 ǂc (W 95º05´/N 30º03´).
034 1   a ǂb 25000 ǂd -119.697222 ǂe -119.697222 ǂf +034.420833 ǂg +034.420833
255     Scale 1:25,000 ǂc (W 119.697222/N 034.420833).
ǂh Angular scale

The scale, if known, for celestial charts.

ǂj Declination–northern limit

The northern limit of the item.

ǂk Declination–southern limit

The southern limit of the item.

ǂm Right ascension–eastern limit

The eastern limit of the item.

ǂn Right ascension–western limit

The western limit of the item.

Guidelines for subfields ǂj, ǂk, ǂm, and ǂn

Use subfields ǂj, ǂk, ǂm, and ǂn with celestial charts or celestial charts in atlases.

Record the declination in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes- seconds). Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeroes. If the declination of center is known, repeat the declination in subfields ǂj and ǂk.

Record the right ascension in the form hhmmss (hour-minute-seconds). Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeroes. If the right ascension of center is known, repeat the right ascension in both subfields ǂm and ǂn.

034 0   b ǂj N0300000 ǂk N0300000 ǂm 020012 ǂn 020012
034 1   b ǂj N0300000 ǂk N0300000 ǂm 021800 ǂn 021800
ǂp Equinox

The equinox for a celestial chart. Record the equinox in the form yyyy (year). A decimal indicating the month in the form yyyy.mm (year.month) may be included.

034 0   b ǂj S0250000 ǂk S0850000 ǂp 1971
034 0   b ǂj S0250000 ǂk S0850000 ǂp 1971.12
ǂr Distance from earth

The distance of celestial bodies, such as planets or stars, from the Earth in light-years in star atlases.

ǂs G-ring latitude

The latitude of a point of the g-ring.

ǂt G-ring longitude

The longitude of a point of the g-ring.

ǂx Beginning date

The beginning of the date period of the data in which the coordinates describe. The date is structured in the form yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.

ǂy Ending date

The end of the date period of the data in which the coordinates describe. The date is structured in the form yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.

034     ǂd E0110000 ǂe E0320000 ǂf N0690000 ǂg N0550000 ǂx 17210000 ǂy 19171200 ǂ2 [code for Hammond atlas of world history]
034     ǂd E0110000 ǂe E0240000 ǂf N0690000 ǂg N0550000 ǂx 19171200 ǂ2 [code for The statesman's year-book]
[Coordinates for Sweden showing period when Finland was part and then separated]
ǂz Name of extraterrestrial body

The name of a planet or other extraterrestrial body specified when the coordinate data recorded in subfields ǂd, ǂe, ǂf and ǂg do not describe an entity on Earth.

034     ǂd W2450000 ǂe W2570000 ǂf N0160000 ǂg N0190000 ǂz Mars ǂ2 [code for Mars Global Surveyor]
ǂ0 Authority record control number or standard number

For information about subfield ǂ0, see Control Subfields.

ǂ2 Source

The source of the data recorded in field 034. If different sources are recorded, separate fields should be used. See Cartographic Data Source Codes (http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/cartographic-data.html).

ǂ3 Materials Specified

For information about subfield ǂ3, see Control Subfields.

ǂ8 Field link and sequence number

For information about subfield ǂ8, see Control Subfields.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, field 034.

This page last revised: August 19, 2016