The Realities of Research Data Management
The Realities of Research Data Management is a four-part series that explores how research universities are addressing the challenge of managing research data throughout the research lifecycle. In this series, we examine the context, influences, and choices higher education institutions face in building or acquiring RDM capacity—in other words, the infrastructure, services, and other resources needed to support emerging data management practices. Our findings are based on case studies of four institutions: University of Edinburgh (UK), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (US), Monash University (Australia) and Wageningen University & Research (the Netherlands), in four very different national contexts.
Research data management (RDM) is both a matter of keen interest and an ongoing challenge in higher education. Proliferating data mandates, open science advocacy, replication of published results, and efforts to thwart academic fraud have all focused attention on data management practices during the research process, and long-term data stewardship practices once the research process has ended. This, in turn, has led to the development of services, infrastructure, and other resources to support RDM needs at research universities.
The Realities of Research Data Management is a series of four reports looking at the context, influences, and choices research universities face in building or acquiring RDM capacity. The findings are derived from detailed case studies of four research universities, hailing from four distinct national contexts: the University of Edinburgh (UK), the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (US), Monash University (Australia), and Wageningen University & Research (the Netherlands).
In this introductory report, we provide some brief background on the emergence of RDM as a focus for research support services within higher education; present a simple framework for navigating the contours of the RDM service space; describe the methodology we employed for assembling our findings and discuss the key elements of RDM capacity acquisition these findings address; and offer a preview of the next report in the series.
This report explores the nature of the RDM capacity acquired by four research universities in four different national contexts, highlighting key factors that shaped the contours of this capacity, and providing 13 key takeaways that provide useful starting points for institutions as they consider their own RDM services.
Fundamental to any capacity acquisition process are the incentives that prompt decision-makers to take action. Two interrelated issues of particular importance are: the nature of the institutional problem that the acquisition of RDM capacity is perceived to solve; and the internal and external sources of pressure, petitioning and other inducements that motivate action to address that problem. This third report in the series will explore the incentives that inspired the acquisition of RDM capacity on the part of the four research universities described in our case studies, and seek both the general patterns and context-dependent circumstances that shaped these incentives.
Another key facet of RDM capacity acquisition is determining where that capacity will be sourced: will it be built and maintained internally, or will it be acquired from an external provider? Similarly, the question of scale must be addressed: should RDM solutions be deployed as institution-scale services, or should they be organized at scales above the institution? Our final report of the series will examine the sourcing and scaling choices made by the four research universities regarding their acquisition of RDM capacity. What variables are being maximized in these decisions: efficiency/cost reduction? Reliability/trust? The choices that individual institutions make with respect to sourcing and scaling likely depend on a host of factors, including local staffing and infrastructure, availability of cooperatively sourced or nationally provisioned services and willingness to pay for commercially sourced solutions.
In addition to the four-part report, we provide supplemental material including in-depth profiles of each institution's RDM service spaces and a gallery that includes the graphics featured in the reports.