Public/Private Mass Digitization Agreements

This is a selection of materials about mass digitization, public/private partnerships and the agreements that govern them, and matters of policy and other related topics.

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Google Agreements

University of California."Cooperative Agreement." August 3, 2006.

University of Illinois on behalf of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. "Cooperative Agreement." June 6, 2007.

University of Michigan. "Cooperative Agreement." December 14, 2004.

University of Texas. "Cooperative Agreement." January 8, 2007.

University of Virginia. "Cooperative Agreement." November 14, 2006.

University of Wisconsin. "Cooperative Agreement." October 12, 2006.

Google Library Partnerships—Commentary

Bearman, David. "Jean-Noel Jeanneney's Critique of Google: Private Sector Book Digitization and Digital Library Policy." D-Lib Magazine. December 2006.

Brantley, Peter. "Book Search will not Work like Web Search." Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations [blog]. January 1, 2008.

Brantley, Peter. "Google and the Books." Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations [blog]. March 04, 2007.

Brantley, Peter. "The Google Exchange."  Radar O'Reilly. August 23, 2007.

Brantley, Peter. "Monetizing Libraries."  Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations. June 13, 2007.

California Digital Library. "The Google Books Library Project and the University of California" [CDL Web site]

Cohen, Dan. "Google Books: Champagne or Sour Grapes?" Dan Cohen [blog]. August 16, 2007.

Courant, Paul N. "Google, Robert Darnton, and the Digital Republic of Letters." Au Courant [blog]. Feb. 4, 2009.

Courant, Paul N. "Scholarship and Academic Libraries (and their Kin) in the World of Google." First Monday. August 2006.

Coyle, Karen. "The Dotted Line." Coyle's InFormation. August 29, 2006.

Hirschorn, Michael. "The Happless Seed." Atlantic Monthly. June 2007.

Darnton, Robert. "The Library in the New Age." The New York Review of Books. Volume 55, Number 10. June 12, 2008.

Johnson, Richard K. "In Google's Broad Wake: Taking Responsibility for Shaping the Global Digital Library." ARL: A Bimonthly Report, no. 250. February 2007.

Last, Jonathan V. "Google and Its Enemies: The Much-Hyped Project to Digitize 32 Million Books Sounds Like a Good Idea. Why are So Many People Taking Shots at It?" The Weekly Standard. December 10, 2007. 013,13.

Peters, Tom. "Wooden Dominoes." ALA TechSource [blog]. February 6, 2007.

Roush, Wade. "The Infinite Library: Does Google's Plan to Digitize Millions of Print Books Spell the Death of Libraries; or Their Rebirth?" MIT Technology Review. May 2005.

Toobin, Jeffrey. "Google's Moon Shot: The Quest for the Universal Library." The New Yorker. February 5, 2007.

Townsend, Robert B. "Google Books: Is It Good for History?" American Historical Association. Perspectives Online. September 2007.

Ubois, Jeff. "Google 'Showtimes' the UC Library System."  Television Archiving. August 13, 2006.

Udell, Jon. "A Conversation with John Wilkin about the Michigan/Google Digitization Project." Infoworld. December 1, 2006.

Weibel, Stu. "Cows and the Colossus." Weibel Lines [blog]. January 08, 2007.

Young, Jeffrey R. "U. of Michigan Librarian's New Blog Defends Institution's Deal with Google." Chronicle of Higher Education. November 26, 2007.

Google Book Settlement

Google Book Search Copyright Settlement [and attachments]. Google. Oct. 28, 2008.

Authors Guild. "Authors Guild v. Google Settlement Resources Page."

Association of American Publishers. "Google, AAP, Authors Guild: Joint Public FAQ."

Google Book Settlement—Commentary

Bailey, Charles W., Jr. "Google Book Search Bibliography." Houston: Digital Scholarship. Version 4. June 29, 2009.

Band, Jonathan. "A Guide for the Perplexed: Libraries and the Google Library Project Settlement." EDUCAUSE CONNECT. Nov. 13, 2008.

Corson-Finnerty, Adam. "Google Book Settlement for Librarians." Musings of Mine [blog]. December 31, 2008.

Courant, Paul. "The Google Settlement—From the Universal Library to the Universal Bookstore." Au Courant [blog]. Oct. 28, 2008.

Coyle, Karen. [blog posts pertaining to Google Books] Coyle's InFormation. Nov. 3, 2008.

Darnton, Robert. "Google & the Future of Books." The New York Review of Books. Volume 56, Number 2. February 12, 2009.

Erway, Ricky. "Impact of the Google Book Settlement on Libraries (Revised Version)." OCLC Research. March 11, 2009.

Fialkoff, Francine. "Editorial: Google Deal or Rip-Off?" Library Journal. Dec. 15, 2008.

Grimmelmann, James. "Principles and Recommendations for the Google Book Search Settlement." The Laboratorium. Nov. 8, 2008.

Lessig, Lawrence. "On the Google Book Search agreement." Lessig [blog]. Oct. 29, 2008.

Mirviss, Laura G. "Harvard-Google Online Book Deal at Risk." The Harvard Crimson. Oct. 30, 2008.

Open Content Alliance (OCA). "Let's Not Settle for this Settlement." Open Content Alliance [blog]. Nov. 5, 2008.

Open Content Alliance (OCA). "Raw Deal for Libraries." [with commentary by Daniel Clancy and Karen Coyle.] Open Content Alliance [blog]. Dec. 6, 2008.

Quint, Barbara. "The Google Book Search Settlement: 'The Devil's in the Details.'" Information Today. Nov. 3, 2008.

Rich, Mokoto. "Google Hopes to Open a Trove of Little-Seen Books." New York Times. Jan. 4, 2009.

Smith, Kevin. "Looking for the Devil in the Details." Scholarly Communications @ Duke. Nov. 7, 2008.

University of Michigan. "Major Universities See Promise in Google Book Search Settlement." [Stanford University, University of California, University of Michigan joint press release]. Oct. 28, 2008.

von Lohmann, Fred. "Google Book Search Settlement: A Reader's Guide." Electronic Frontier Foundation [blog]. Oct. 31, 2008.

Wilkin, John. "BackTalk: HathiTrust and the Google Deal." Library Journal. Dec. 23, 2008.

NARA Partnerships and Related Commentary

Cohen, Dan. "A Closer Look at the National Archives–Footnote Agreement." Dan Cohen [blog]. February 5th, 2007.

Mohan, Jen. "NARA-Footnote Summary."  Good Terms: Resources.

Mohan, Jen. "NARA-Google Summary." Good Terms: Resources.

National Archives and Records Administration." NARA–iArchives Digitization Agreement ." January 10, 2007.

National Archives and Records Administration. "NARA—The Generations Network: Proposed Digitization Agreement." [no date]

National Archives and Records Administration. "NARA Latest Digitization Agreement: One Archivist's Perspective." ArchivesNext [blog]. April 9, 2008.

Schoenfeld, Amy. "Digitizing the Nation 's Treasures." The New York Times. March 10, 2007.

Smithsonian Partnerships and Related Commentary

Craig, Bruce. "Historians Raise Concerns about Smithsonian's Deal with Showtime." American Historical Association.  Perspectives Online. May 2006.

International Herald Tribune . "Smithsonian Announces Licensing Deal with Corbis for Images from Smithsonian Collections." January 24, 2007.

Jardin, Xeni. "Smithsonian's Showtime Deal: Critical Attorneys Shred it." boingboing. April 7, 2006.

Manly, Lorne. "Filmmakers and Others Petition Against Smithsonian's Showtime Deal." New York Times. April 18, 2006.

Mohan, Jen. "Smithsonian–Showtime Summary."

Trescott, Jacqueline. "End Smithsonian–Showtime Deal, Filmmakers and Historians Ask." The Washington Post. April 18, 2006.

Trescott, Jacqueline. "Smithsonian Deal With Showtime Passes Muster." Washington Post. December 16, 2006.

Other Types of Digitization Arrangements

Ashmore, Beth and Jill E. Grogg. "The Race to the Shelf Continues: The Open Content Alliance and" Searcher. January, 2008.

Bullock, Dave. "The Internet Archive Keeps Book-Scanning Free." []. March 19, 2008.

Boston Public Library/Internet Archive. "Library Book Scanning Cooperation Agreement." April 6, 2007.

Christenson, Heather. "UC Libraries Mass Digitization Projects: Frequently Asked Questions." Inside CDL. April 23, 2008.

Foster, Andrea L. "An Upstart Web Catalog Challenges an Academic-Library Giant." The Chronicle of Higher Education. February 22, 2008.

Hafner, Katie. "Libraries Shun Deals to Place Books on Web." New York Times. October 22, 2007

Hirtle, Peter. 2007. "OCA Contract Analysis." LibraryLaw Blog. November 5.

Internet Archive. "The Internet Archive Receives Grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to Digitize and Provide Open Online Access to Historical Collections from Five Major Libraries." Press Release. December 20, 2006.

Internet Archive and the University of California. "IA/UC Book Scanning Cooperation Agreement." August 23, 2006.

Jaschik, Scott. "An Alternative to Google."  Inside Higher Ed. June 22, 2007.

Kahle, Brewster, Michael S. Hart, and Michael Keller. "Digital Libraries." Science Friday. May 11, 2007.

Linker, Adam. "NCSU, UNC Shun Google, Microsoft on Deal to Digitize Books." Triangle Business Journal. March 7, 2008.

Microsoft Corporation and the University of California. "Master Agreement Between Microsoft Corporation and the University of California." February 20, 2007.

Open Content Alliance. "A Call To Participate in the Open Content Alliance." October 02, 2005.

Roush, Wade. "Coalition of Boston Libraries Chooses the Un-Google Route to Digitization."  Xconomy|Kendall Sqaure. September 28, 2007.


American Library Association (2007).  "Task Force on Digitization Policy." July 12, 2007.

Center for Research Libraries. "Principles and Guidelines for Entering into an Agreement with Commercial Vendors in the Digitization of CRL Holdings." November 30, 2005.

Council of State Archivists Task Force on Online Content Providers. "Statement on Digital Access Partnerships." April 19, 2007.

i2010 EUROPEAN DIGITAL LIBRARIES INITIATIVE. High Level Expert Group on Digital Libraries. Sub-group on Public Private Partnerships. "Final Report on Public Private Partnerships for the Digitisation and Online Accessibility of Europe's Cultural Heritage." May 2008.

Kaufman, Peter and Jeff Ubois. 2007. "Good Terms: Improving Commercial-Noncommercial Partnerships for Mass Digitization; A Report Prepared by Intelligent Television for RLG Programs, OCLC Programs and Research." D-Lib Magazine, 13,11/12 (November/December).

National Archives and Records Administration. "Plan for Digitizing Archival Materials for Public Access, 2007-2016. [Draft for Public Comment.]" September 10, 2007.

U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. "Mass Digitization: Implications for Information Policy: Report from 'Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects' Symposium held on March 10-11, 2006, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI." May 9, 2006.

Related Commentary

Carvajal, Doreen. "European Libraries Face Problems in Digitalizing." International Herald Tribune - Technology & Media. October 28, 2007.

Council on Library and Information Resources."Scholars' Evaluation and Analysis of Major Digitization Projects." July 10, 2007.

Coyle, Karen. "Mass Digitization of Books." Preprint: The Journal of Academic Librarianship, v. 32, n. 6. November 2006.

Erway, Ricky, and Jennifer Schaffner. "Shifting Gears: Gearing Up to Get Into the Flow." Report produced by OCLC Programs and Research. October 2007.

Goth, Greg. "Digital Libraries Are Taking Form." IEEE Distributed Systems Online. vol. 8, no. 12, 2007, art. no. 0712-oz004.

Grafton, Anthony. "Future Reading: Digitization and its Discontents." The New Yorker. November 5, 2007.

Hafner, Katie. "History, Digitized (and Abridged)." The New York Times. March 10, 2007.

Kaufman, Peter B. "Marketing Culture in the Digital Age: A Report on New Business Collaborations Between Libraries, Museums, Archives and Commercial Companies." August 25, 2005.

Kelly, Kevin. "Scan This Book!" New York Times. May 14, 2006.

Lavoie, Brian, Lynn Silipigni Connaway, and Lorcan Dempsey. "Anatomy of Aggregate Collections: The Example of Google Print for Libraries." D-Lib Magazine. September 2005.

Rieger, Oya Y. "Preservation in the Age of Large-Scale Digitization." Council on Library and Information Resources. September 2007.

White, Lee. "Public-Private Partnerships: Are They the Wave of the Future?" American Historical Association. Perspectives Online. March 2007.

Related Resources

Mass Digitization and Partnership Agreements Project—work completed to help partner institutions contribute in meaningful ways to the collective whole that mass digitization is developing, whether or not they are already involved in Google, OCA, Microsoft or other initiatives.