ERIC

Revised 11/08/2006

Database name: ERIC

Short database name:  ERIC

Available on: FirstSearch Test Server and Production Server

Why select this database?

  • ERIC contains more than 1.1 million annotated references to nonjournal material and to journal articles.
  • The ERIC database is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Education
  • Please visit Journals Indexed in ERIC for the current title list.
Subjects included
All aspects of education.

Coverage/update frequency

Covers 1966 to the present.

New records are added monthly.

Record display information

List of FirstSearch fields for ERIC and the MARC fields to which they correspond:

Field Name MARC field(s)
Year 008 <date>
ISBN 020/a
Standard SICI Code 024/a
ERIC Accession Number 035/a
Report Number 088/a
Author 100/a
Title 245/a
Publisher 260/b
Publication Date 260/c
Publisher URL 260/u
Number of Pages 300/a
Note 500/a
Citation 510/d
Abstract 520/a
Target Audience 521/a
Contact 536/b
Language 546/a
Educational Level 590/e
Source Name 590/t
Major Descriptor 650/a
Identifier 653/a
Descriptor 693/f
Author 700/a
Corporate Author 710/a
Source 773/g
Journal Name 773/t
ISSN 773/x
ISBN 773/z
Publisher URL 798/u
ISSN 798/x
Peer-reviewed Indicator 907/1
"And Others" 912/f
"Non-English" 917/j
Date Issued 947/n
Library Holdings 948

Detailed holdings information is available in FirstSearch Z39.50 Configuration Guide - Element Set Names.
Volume 949/a
Issue 949/b
Pagination 949/c
Supplement 949/d
Date 949/e
First Page Number 949/f
Marketing Defined Date 949/g
Document Type 949/i
Julian Date 949/j
Publication Type 949/l
Display Type 949/x
Date of Entry 953/b
Link to ERIC Full-text 956/u
Number of References 961/h
Level of Availability 972/i
"Multilingual" 972/j
Associated Institution 972/k

Indexes

What follows is a list of FirstSearch indexes and the combination of USE and STRUCTURE attributes that can be used to access them.

  1. For any FirstSearch label where multiple USE attributes are listed all the attributes will provide the exact same search result sets.
  2. Any USE attribute that is not marked as a restrictor is available via the SCAN service.
  3. Restrictors are specially implemented indexes and are not available for scanning. Terms for these must be ANDed with other terms to limit the size of the result set. See the table provided for each restrictor to determine valid terms and their associated meaning.

FirstSearch Indexes and USE and STRUCTURE attributes used to access them:

Index Description Use Attribute Structure Attribute Indexed Fields and Subfields
Keyword (kw) Any 5110 2 020/a

088/a

245/a

260/c

500/a

510/d

520/a

521/a

536/b

590/e,t

650/a

653/a

693/f

773/t,x,z

798/x

949/e
Keyword All (ka) Any 1016 2 020/a

088/a

100/a

245/a

260/c

500/a

510/d

520/a

521/a

536/b

590/e,t

650/a

653/a

693/f

700/a

710/a

773/t,x,z

798/x

949/e
Abstract (ab) Abstract 62 2 520/a
Accession Number (no) Control number-local 12 2 035/a
Associated Institution (in, in=) OCLC Defined 5152 1,2 972/k
Author (au, au=) Author-name 1003 1, 2 100/a

700/a

710/a
Corporate Author(s) (co, co=) Author-name-corporate 1005 1,2 710/a
Date of Entry (da) OCLC Defined 5040 2 947/n

953/b
Descriptor (de, de=) OCLC Defined 5650 1, 2 650/a

693/f
Document Type (dt=) Code-record-type 1001 1 949/i
Education Level (el=) OCLC Defined 5153 1 590/e
First Page (pg) OCLC Defined 5006 2 949/f
Identifier (id, id=) Subject-local 29 1, 2 653/a
Issue (is) OCLC Defined 5004 2 949/b, d
Language (ln=) * Code-language 54 1 546/a

917/j

972/j
Level of Availability (lv) OCLC Defined 5053 2 972/i  (valid values for this index:  1, 2, 3)
Notes (nt) Note 63 2 088/a

500/a

510/d

521/a

536/b

590/e

590/t
Peer-Reviewed (pr) OCLC Defined 5967 2 907/1
Publication Date (pd) Date 30 2 260/c

949/e
Publication Type (pt, pt=) OCLC Defined 5273 1, 2 949/l
Report Number (rn) Identifier-report 1027 2 088/a
Standard Number (sn, sn=) Identifier-standard 1007 1,2 020/a

773/x,z

798/x
Source (so, so=) Title-host-item 1033 1, 2 773/t
Subject (su, su=) Subject 21 1, 2 650/a

653/a

693/f
Target Audience (ta) OCLC Defined 5050 2 521/a
Title (ti, ti=) Title 4 1, 2 245/a
Volume (vo) OCLC Defined 5013 2 949/a
Year (yr) * Date-publication 31 4,5 008 <date>

Restrictors

The following restrictors can only be used in conjunction with an index search.   They must be added to an index search with the Boolean AND in order to receive search results.

Restrictor Type Input Use Attribute Structure Attribute MARC Tag
Document Type Phrase * All

Document

Journal Article


document (ed)

article (ej)
1001 1 949/i
Language Phrase * All languages

English

Non-English

No Language Available

Multilingual


english

non-english

no language available

multilingual
54 1 546/a

917/j

972/j
Limit to Full Text Limit to full text

full text
6002 2 Limit to Full Text
Limit to Holdings OCLC Institution Symbol Enter symbol for OCLC institution 56 2 Limit to Holdings
Peer Reviewed  * All

Yes

No


Yes

No
5967 2 907/1
Year * All years

Single year

Range of years


19xx, 20xx

19xx -

20xx
31 5 008 <date>

* Document Type, Language, Peer-Reviewed and Year are both indexes and restrictors.

Sorting

Search results in the ERIC database can be sorted by Author (1003), Title (4), Source (1033), and Publication Date  (30).

General punctuation rules

(exceptions are made, but these are generally correct):

Punctuation Rule Punctuation Rule
" Delete and collapse $ Delete and collapse
' (apostrophe) Delete and collapse % Delete and collapse
. Delete and collapse * Delete and collapse
, (comma) Delete and collapse + Delete and collapse
; Delete and collapse > Delete and collapse
: Delete and collapse < Delete and collapse
() Delete and collapse @ Delete and collapse
<> Delete and collapse ? Delete and collapse
{} Delete and collapse -- Delete and collapse
[] Delete and collapse / Substitute a space
= Delete and collapse - Retain and index
! Delete and collapse & Retain and index
# Delete and collapse

Searching tips

Keyword plus Author searches (1016): The Keyword search finds information in these fields: author (100/a, 700/a, 710/a); notes (088/a, 500/a, 510/d, 520/a, 521/a, 536/b, 590/e, 590/t); publicaton date (260/c; 949/e); standard number (020/a; 773/x; 773/z; 798/x); source phrase (773/t); subject: (650/a, 653/a, 693/f); title (245/a).

You can limit searches by Document Type Phrase (1001), Language Phrase (54), Library Holdings (56), Peer-Reviewed (5967) and Year (31).

Copyright

The ERIC database is an initiative of the U.S. Department of Education. Some material in the ERIC database is from copyrighted sources of the respective copyright holders. Users of the bibliographic records from the ERIC database are responsible for compliance with any copyright, patent or trademark restrictions and are referred to the copyright, patent or trademark notices appearing in the original sources, all of which are hereby incorporated by reference.