In addition to simple text, Replace accepts several special sequences to provide more generic rewriting. These include:
|^A||See example below|
|^D||substitute the domain of the EZproxy server without a leading period, such as ezproxy.yourlib.org or 126.96.36.199|
|^H||substitute the name of the EZproxy server|
|^L||substitute the domain of the EZproxy server with a leading period unless the EZproxy server is using a numeric name, such as .ezproxy.yourlib.org or 188.8.131.52|
|^P hostname^||look up the EZproxy hostname for the http version of hostname and substitute it|
|^S hostname^||look up the EZproxy hostname for the https version of hostname and substitute it|
^A is the most unusual Replace option. Its only valid placement is right after http:// or https:// and it specifies that the hostname that follows should not be rewritten, but rather should be left as-is. It is designed for use with form fields that contain values that are URLs that should not be rewritten.
For example, Lexis-Nexis uses a form field called _PRIORREFERER that must be the actual URL of the prior page, not the rewritten form. These statements:
Find NAME="_PRIORREFERER" VALUE="http://
Replace NAME="_PRIORREFERER" VALUE="http://^A
demonstrate how the Find statement provides enough of a search string to locate this particular form variable, and the Replace statement repeats the exact same text adding ^A after http:// to indicate that this is the point at which the URL starts that must not be rewritten.
Starting with EZproxy 5.0, Find and Replace rules can be associated with states. Through the use of states, the application of rules can be dependent on other rules having already occurred. The need to apply states for Find/Replace rules is infrequent, and in most instances, this capability is not needed.
The syntax for state qualification is:
Find -State= state1[+state2+state3...] FindText
Replace -State= state1[+state2+state3...] ReplaceText
Replace -AddState= state1[+state2+state3...] ReplaceText
Replace -RemoveState= state1[+state2+state3...] ReplaceText
There are two special states: start and all. When EZproxy starts processing a page, the default state is start. For a Find rule, the special state all will match to any state.
For Find, the state(s) specified after -State= must match to the current states for the Find rule to match. Once a Find matches, the Replace rule has the option to alter the current state(s) with -State, which specifies exactly which state(s) should be active, with -AddState to add state(s) to be active, with -RemoveState to remove state(s) from being active, or any combination of -State, -AddState, and -RemoveState.
The main application for states is to automate submitting a username/password based form to automate access to a resource. By using states, it is often possible to detect when a first attempt is made to fill in the form, and then trigger the automatic submission of the login form, while also allowing failed attempts to be detected and to have those attempts avoid submission of the login form, avoiding the possibility of an endless loop of browser attempst to access a resource with the wrong username or password.