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Public/Private Mass Digitization Agreements

This is a selection of materials about mass digitization, public/private partnerships and the agreements that govern them, and matters of policy and other related topics.

Help us keep this up to date – suggest an addition.

Google Agreements

University of California."Cooperative Agreement." August 3, 2006.
http://www.cdlib.org/news/ucgoogle_cooperative_agreement.pdf

University of Illinois on behalf of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation. "Cooperative Agreement." June 6, 2007.
http://www.cic.uiuc.edu/programs/CenterForLibraryInitiatives/Archive/PressRelease/LibraryDigitization/AGREEMENT.pdf

University of Michigan. "Cooperative Agreement." December 14, 2004.
http://www.lib.umich.edu/mdp/um-google-cooperative-agreement.pdf

University of Texas. "Cooperative Agreement." January 8, 2007.
http://www.lib.utexas.edu/google/utexas_google_agreement.pdf

University of Virginia. "Cooperative Agreement." November 14, 2006.
http://www.lib.virginia.edu/press/uvagoogle/pdf/Google_UVA.pdf

University of Wisconsin. "Cooperative Agreement." October 12, 2006.
http://www.library.wisc.edu/digitization/googlecontract.pdf

Google Library Partnerships—Commentary

Bearman, David. "Jean-Noel Jeanneney's Critique of Google: Private Sector Book Digitization and Digital Library Policy." D-Lib Magazine. December 2006.
http://www.dlib.org/dlib/december06/bearman/12bearman.html

Brantley, Peter. "Book Search will not Work like Web Search." Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations [blog]. January 1, 2008.
http://blogs.lib.berkeley.edu/shimenawa.php/2008/01/02/trade_for_our_own_account

Brantley, Peter. "Google and the Books." Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations [blog]. March 04, 2007.
http://blogs.lib.berkeley.edu/shimenawa.php/2007/03/04/google_and_the_books

Brantley, Peter. "The Google Exchange."  Radar O'Reilly. August 23, 2007.
http://radar.oreilly.com/archives/2007/08/the_google_exch.html

Brantley, Peter. "Monetizing Libraries."  Peter Brantley's Thoughts and Speculations. June 13, 2007.  http://blogs.lib.berkeley.edu/shimenawa.php/2007/06/13/monetizing_libraries

California Digital Library. "The Google Books Library Project and the University of California" [CDL Web site]
http://www.cdlib.org/news/google.html

Cohen, Dan. "Google Books: Champagne or Sour Grapes?" Dan Cohen [blog]. August 16, 2007.
http://www.dancohen.org/2007/08/16/google-books-champagne-or-sour-grapes/

Courant, Paul N. "Google, Robert Darnton, and the Digital Republic of Letters." Au Courant [blog]. Feb. 4, 2009.
http://paulcourant.net/2009/02/04/google-robert-darnton-and-the-digital-republic-of-letters/

Courant, Paul N. "Scholarship and Academic Libraries (and their Kin) in the World of Google." First Monday. August 2006. http://www.firstmonday.org/issues/issue11_8/courant/index.html

Coyle, Karen. "The Dotted Line." Coyle's InFormation. August 29, 2006.
http://kcoyle.blogspot.com/2006/08/dotted-line.html

Hirschorn, Michael. "The Happless Seed." Atlantic Monthly. June 2007.
http://www.theatlantic.com/doc/200706/google-book-project

Darnton, Robert. "The Library in the New Age." The New York Review of Books. Volume 55, Number 10. June 12, 2008.

Johnson, Richard K. "In Google's Broad Wake: Taking Responsibility for Shaping the Global Digital Library." ARL: A Bimonthly Report, no. 250. February 2007.
http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/arlbr250digprinciples.pdf

Last, Jonathan V. "Google and Its Enemies: The Much-Hyped Project to Digitize 32 Million Books Sounds Like a Good Idea. Why are So Many People Taking Shots at It?" The Weekly Standard. December 10, 2007. 013,13.
http://weeklystandard.com/content/public/articles/000/000/014/431afruv.asp

Peters, Tom. "Wooden Dominoes." ALA TechSource [blog]. February 6, 2007.
http://www.techsource.ala.org/blog/2007/02/wooden-dominoes.html

Roush, Wade. "The Infinite Library: Does Google's Plan to Digitize Millions of Print Books Spell the Death of Libraries; or Their Rebirth?" MIT Technology Review. May 2005.
http://www.technologyreview.com/Infotech/14408/

Toobin, Jeffrey. "Google's Moon Shot: The Quest for the Universal Library." The New Yorker. February 5, 2007. http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/02/05/070205fa_fact_toobin

Townsend, Robert B. "Google Books: Is It Good for History?" American Historical Association. Perspectives Online. September 2007.
http://www.historians.org/Perspectives/issues/2007/0709/0709vie1.cfm

Ubois, Jeff. "Google 'Showtimes' the UC Library System."  Television Archiving. August 13, 2006.
http://www.archival.tv/2006/08/13/google-showtimes-the-uc-library-system/

Udell, Jon. "A Conversation with John Wilkin about the Michigan/Google Digitization Project." Infoworld. December 1, 2006.
  http://weblog.infoworld.com/udell/2006/12/01.html#a1570

Weibel, Stu. "Cows and the Colossus." Weibel Lines [blog]. January 08, 2007.
http://weibel-lines.typepad.com/weibelines/2007/01/cows_and_the_co.html

Young, Jeffrey R. "U. of Michigan Librarian's New Blog Defends Institution's Deal with Google." Chronicle of Higher Education. November 26, 2007.
http://chronicle.com/wiredcampus/article/2565/u-of-michigan-librarians-new-blog-defends-institutions-deal-with-google

Google Book Settlement

Google Book Search Copyright Settlement [and attachments]. Google. Oct. 28, 2008.
http://books.google.com/booksrightsholders/agreement-contents.html

Authors Guild. "Authors Guild v. Google Settlement Resources Page."
http://www.authorsguild.org/advocacy/articles/settlement-resources.html

Association of American Publishers. "Google, AAP, Authors Guild: Joint Public FAQ."
http://publishers.org/main/Copyright/Google/Faq.htm

Google Book Settlement—Commentary

Bailey, Charles W., Jr. "Google Book Search Bibliography." Houston: Digital Scholarship. Version 4. June 29, 2009.
http://www.digital-scholarship.org/gbsb/gbsb.htm

Band, Jonathan. "A Guide for the Perplexed: Libraries and the Google Library Project Settlement." EDUCAUSE CONNECT. Nov. 13, 2008.
http://connect.educause.edu/Library/Abstract/AGuideforthePerplexedLibr/47817?time=1230412300

Corson-Finnerty, Adam. "Google Book Settlement for Librarians." Musings of Mine [blog]. December 31, 2008. http://musingsofcorsonf.blogspot.com/2008/12/google-book-settlement-for-librarians.html

Courant, Paul. "The Google Settlement—From the Universal Library to the Universal Bookstore." Au Courant [blog]. Oct. 28, 2008.
http://paulcourant.net/2008/10/28/the-google-settlement-from-the-universal-library-to-the-universal-bookstore/

Coyle, Karen. [blog posts pertaining to Google Books] Coyle's InFormation. Nov. 3, 2008.
http://kcoyle.blogspot.com/search/label/googlebooks

Darnton, Robert. "Google & the Future of Books." The New York Review of Books. Volume 56, Number 2. February 12, 2009. http://www.nybooks.com/articles/22281

Erway, Ricky. "Impact of the Google Book Settlement on Libraries (Revised Version)." OCLC Research. March 11, 2009. http://www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2009/2009-01.pdf.

Fialkoff, Francine. "Editorial: Google Deal or Rip-Off?" Library Journal. Dec. 15, 2008.
http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6618842.html?industryid=47109

Grimmelmann, James. "Principles and Recommendations for the Google Book Search Settlement." The Laboratorium. Nov. 8, 2008.
http://laboratorium.net/archive/2008/11/08/principles_and_recommendations_for_the_google_book

Lessig, Lawrence. "On the Google Book Search agreement." Lessig [blog]. Oct. 29, 2008.
http://lessig.org/blog/2008/10/on_the_google_book_search_agre.html

Mirviss, Laura G. "Harvard-Google Online Book Deal at Risk." The Harvard Crimson. Oct. 30, 2008.
http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=524989

Open Content Alliance (OCA). "Let's Not Settle for this Settlement." Open Content Alliance [blog]. Nov. 5, 2008.
http://www.opencontentalliance.org/2008/11/05/lets-not-settle-for-this-settlement/

Open Content Alliance (OCA). "Raw Deal for Libraries." [with commentary by Daniel Clancy and Karen Coyle.] Open Content Alliance [blog]. Dec. 6, 2008.
http://www.opencontentalliance.org/2008/12/06/a-raw-deal-for-libraries

Quint, Barbara. "The Google Book Search Settlement: 'The Devil's in the Details.'" Information Today. Nov. 3, 2008.
http://newsbreaks.infotoday.com/nbReader.asp?ArticleId=51429

Rich, Mokoto. "Google Hopes to Open a Trove of Little-Seen Books." New York Times. Jan. 4, 2009.
http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/05/technology/internet/05google.html

Smith, Kevin. "Looking for the Devil in the Details." Scholarly Communications @ Duke. Nov. 7, 2008.
http://library.duke.edu/blogs/scholcomm/2008/11/07/looking-for-the-devil-in-the-details/

University of Michigan. "Major Universities See Promise in Google Book Search Settlement." [Stanford University, University of California, University of Michigan joint press release]. Oct. 28, 2008.
http://www.ns.umich.edu/htdocs/releases/story.php?id=6807

von Lohmann, Fred. "Google Book Search Settlement: A Reader's Guide." Electronic Frontier Foundation [blog]. Oct. 31, 2008.
http://www.eff.org/deeplinks/2008/10/google-books-settlement-readers-guide

Wilkin, John. "BackTalk: HathiTrust and the Google Deal." Library Journal. Dec. 23, 2008.
http://www.libraryjournal.com/article/CA6624782.html

NARA Partnerships and Related Commentary

Cohen, Dan. "A Closer Look at the National Archives–Footnote Agreement." Dan Cohen [blog]. February 5th, 2007. http://www.dancohen.org/2007/02/05/a-closer-look-at-the-national-archives-footnote-agreement/

Mohan, Jen. "NARA-Footnote Summary."  Good Terms: Resources.
http://rlg.archival.tv/index.php?title=NARA-Footnote_Summary_by_Jen_Mohan%2C_Intelligent_Television

Mohan, Jen. "NARA-Google Summary." Good Terms: Resources.
http://rlg.archival.tv/index.php?title=NARA-Google_Summary_by_Jen_Mohan%2C_Intelligent_Television

National Archives and Records Administration." NARA–iArchives Digitization Agreement ." January 10, 2007.
http://www.archives.gov/iarchives/iarchives-digitization-agreement.html

National Archives and Records Administration. "NARA—The Generations Network: Proposed Digitization Agreement." [no date]
http://www.archives.gov/comment/tgn-agreement.pdf

National Archives and Records Administration. "NARA Latest Digitization Agreement: One Archivist's Perspective." ArchivesNext [blog]. April 9, 2008.
http://www.archivesnext.com/?p=135

Schoenfeld, Amy. "Digitizing the Nation 's Treasures." The New York Times. March 10, 2007.
http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2007/03/10/business/11archive.chart.ready.html

Smithsonian Partnerships and Related Commentary

Craig, Bruce. "Historians Raise Concerns about Smithsonian's Deal with Showtime." American Historical Association.  Perspectives Online. May 2006.
http://www.historians.org/Perspectives/issues/2006/0605/0605nch1.cfm

International Herald Tribune . "Smithsonian Announces Licensing Deal with Corbis for Images from Smithsonian Collections." January 24, 2007.
http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/01/25/america/NA-GEN-US-Smithsonian-Corbis.php

Jardin, Xeni. "Smithsonian's Showtime Deal: Critical Attorneys Shred it." boingboing. April 7, 2006.
http://www.boingboing.net/2006/04/07/smithsonians-showtim.html

Manly, Lorne. "Filmmakers and Others Petition Against Smithsonian's Showtime Deal." New York Times. April 18, 2006.
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/04/18/arts/television/18smit.html?ex=1303012800&en=61f9a97ee2be93d4&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

Mohan, Jen. "Smithsonian–Showtime Summary."
http://rlg.archival.tv/index.php?title=Smithsonian_-_Showtime_summary_by_Jen_Mohan%2C_Intelligent_Television

Trescott, Jacqueline. "End Smithsonian–Showtime Deal, Filmmakers and Historians Ask." The Washington Post. April 18, 2006. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/04/17/AR2006041701820.html

Trescott, Jacqueline. "Smithsonian Deal With Showtime Passes Muster." Washington Post. December 16, 2006.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/15/AR2006121501894_pf.html

Other Types of Digitization Arrangements

Ashmore, Beth and Jill E. Grogg. "The Race to the Shelf Continues: The Open Content Alliance and Amazon.com." Searcher. January, 2008.
http://www.infotoday.com/searcher/jan08/Ashmore_Grogg.shtml

Bullock, Dave. "The Internet Archive Keeps Book-Scanning Free." [Wired.com]. March 19, 2008.
http://www.wired.com/entertainment/theweb/multimedia/2008/03/gallery_internet_archive

Boston Public Library/Internet Archive. "Library Book Scanning Cooperation Agreement." April 6, 2007. http://ia350617.us.archive.org/1/items/bostonpubliclibrary/BLPagreementnosignatures.pdf

Christenson, Heather. "UC Libraries Mass Digitization Projects: Frequently Asked Questions." Inside CDL. April 23, 2008.
http://www.cdlib.org/inside/projects/massdig/faq.html

Foster, Andrea L. "An Upstart Web Catalog Challenges an Academic-Library Giant." The Chronicle of Higher Education. February 22, 2008.
http://chronicle.com/weekly/v54/i24/24a01101.htm

Hafner, Katie. "Libraries Shun Deals to Place Books on Web." New York Times. October 22, 2007
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/22/technology/22library.html

Hirtle, Peter. 2007. "OCA Contract Analysis." LibraryLaw Blog. November 5.
http://blog.librarylaw.com/librarylaw/2007/11/i-promised-in-m.html

Internet Archive. "The Internet Archive Receives Grant from Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to Digitize and Provide Open Online Access to Historical Collections from Five Major Libraries." Press Release. December 20, 2006.
http://www.opencontentalliance.org/20061220.OCArelease.pdf

Internet Archive and the University of California. "IA/UC Book Scanning Cooperation Agreement." August 23, 2006.
http://www.cdlib.org/inside/projects/massdig/docs/oca2.pdf

Jaschik, Scott. "An Alternative to Google."  Inside Higher Ed. June 22, 2007.
http://www.insidehighered.com/news/2007/06/22/digitize

Kahle, Brewster, Michael S. Hart, and Michael Keller. "Digital Libraries." Science Friday. May 11, 2007.
http://www.sciencefriday.com/pages/2007/May/hour1_051107.html

Linker, Adam. "NCSU, UNC Shun Google, Microsoft on Deal to Digitize Books." Triangle Business Journal. March 7, 2008.
http://www.bizjournals.com/triangle/stories/2008/03/10/story7.html?t=printable

Microsoft Corporation and the University of California. "Master Agreement Between Microsoft Corporation and the University of California." February 20, 2007.
http://www.cdlib.org/inside/projects/massdig/docs/ms2.pdf

Open Content Alliance. "A Call To Participate in the Open Content Alliance." October 02, 2005.
http://www.opencontentalliance.org/participate.html

Roush, Wade. "Coalition of Boston Libraries Chooses the Un-Google Route to Digitization."  Xconomy|Kendall Sqaure. September 28, 2007.
http://www.xconomy.com/2007/09/28/coalition-of-boston-libraries-chooses-the-un-google-route-to-digitization/

Policy

American Library Association (2007).  "Task Force on Digitization Policy." July 12, 2007.
http://www.ala.org/ala/washoff/oitp/digtask.cfm

Center for Research Libraries. "Principles and Guidelines for Entering into an Agreement with Commercial Vendors in the Digitization of CRL Holdings." November 30, 2005.
http://www.crl.edu/PDF/CSAPprinciples.pdf

Council of State Archivists Task Force on Online Content Providers. "Statement on Digital Access Partnerships." April 19, 2007.
http://www.statearchivists.org/issues/ocp/index.htm

i2010 EUROPEAN DIGITAL LIBRARIES INITIATIVE. High Level Expert Group on Digital Libraries. Sub-group on Public Private Partnerships. "Final Report on Public Private Partnerships for the Digitisation and Online Accessibility of Europe's Cultural Heritage." May 2008. http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/activities/digital_libraries/doc/hleg/reports/ppp/ppp_final.pdf

Kaufman, Peter and Jeff Ubois. 2007. "Good Terms: Improving Commercial-Noncommercial Partnerships for Mass Digitization; A Report Prepared by Intelligent Television for RLG Programs, OCLC Programs and Research." D-Lib Magazine, 13,11/12 (November/December).
http://dlib.org/dlib/november07/kaufman/11kaufman.html

National Archives and Records Administration. "Plan for Digitizing Archival Materials for Public Access, 2007-2016. [Draft for Public Comment.]" September 10, 2007.
http://www.archives.gov/comment/digitizing-plan.html

U.S. National Commission on Libraries and Information Science. "Mass Digitization: Implications for Information Policy: Report from 'Scholarship and Libraries in Transition: A Dialogue about the Impacts of Mass Digitization Projects' Symposium held on March 10-11, 2006, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI." May 9, 2006.
  http://www.nclis.gov/digitization/MassDigitizationSymposium-Report.pdf

Related Commentary

Carvajal, Doreen. "European Libraries Face Problems in Digitalizing." International Herald Tribune - Technology & Media. October 28, 2007. http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/10/28/business/LIBRARY29.php

Council on Library and Information Resources."Scholars' Evaluation and Analysis of Major Digitization Projects." July 10, 2007.
http://www.clir.org/activities/details/scholeval.html

Coyle, Karen. "Mass Digitization of Books." Preprint: The Journal of Academic Librarianship, v. 32, n. 6. November 2006.
http://www.kcoyle.net/jal-32-6.html

Erway, Ricky, and Jennifer Schaffner. "Shifting Gears: Gearing Up to Get Into the Flow." Report produced by OCLC Programs and Research. October 2007. www.oclc.org/research/publications/library/2007/2007-02.pdf

Goth, Greg. "Digital Libraries Are Taking Form." IEEE Distributed Systems Online. vol. 8, no. 12, 2007, art. no. 0712-oz004.
http://dsonline.computer.org/portal/site/dsonline/menuitem.9ed3d9924aeb0dcd82ccc6716bbe36ec/index.jsp?&pName=dso_level1&path=dsonline/2007/12&file=oz004news.xml&xsl=article.xsl&

Grafton, Anthony. "Future Reading: Digitization and its Discontents." The New Yorker. November 5, 2007.
http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/11/05/071105fa_fact_grafton?printable=true

Hafner, Katie. "History, Digitized (and Abridged)." The New York Times. March 10, 2007.
http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/10/business/yourmoney/11archive.html?pagewanted=1&_r=1

Kaufman, Peter B. "Marketing Culture in the Digital Age: A Report on New Business Collaborations Between Libraries, Museums, Archives and Commercial Companies." August 25, 2005.
http://www.intelligenttelevision.com/MarketingCultureinDigitalAge.pdf

Kelly, Kevin. "Scan This Book!" New York Times. May 14, 2006.
http://www.nytimes.com/2006/05/14/magazine/14publishing.html

Lavoie, Brian, Lynn Silipigni Connaway, and Lorcan Dempsey. "Anatomy of Aggregate Collections: The Example of Google Print for Libraries." D-Lib Magazine. September 2005.
http://www.dlib.org//dlib/september05/lavoie/09lavoie.html

Rieger, Oya Y. "Preservation in the Age of Large-Scale Digitization." Council on Library and Information Resources. September 2007.
http://www.clir.org/activities/details/lsdi.pdf

White, Lee. "Public-Private Partnerships: Are They the Wave of the Future?" American Historical Association. Perspectives Online. March 2007.
http://www.historians.org/perspectives/issues/2007/0703/0703nch1.cfm

Related Resources

Mass Digitization and Partnership Agreements Project—work completed to help partner institutions contribute in meaningful ways to the collective whole that mass digitization is developing, whether or not they are already involved in Google, OCA, Microsoft or other initiatives.

We are a worldwide library cooperative, owned, governed and sustained by members since 1967. Our public purpose is a statement of commitment to each other—that we will work together to improve access to the information held in libraries around the globe, and find ways to reduce costs for libraries through collaboration.