034  Coded Cartographic Mathematical Data (R)

 

Contents   Fixed field   0xx   1xx   2xx   3xx   4xx   5xx   6xx   7xx   8xx   9xx
       

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Optional
1st Indicator  Type of scale
Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded
1 Single scale
3 Range of scale
2nd Indicator  Type of ring
blank character  Not applicable
Outer ring
1 Exclusion ring
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards
a Category of scale (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
b Constant ratio linear horizontal scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
c Constant ratio linear vertical scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
d Coordinates–westernmost longitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
e Coordinates–easternmost longitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
f Coordinates–northernmost latitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
g Coordinates–southernmost latitude (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
h Angular scale (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
j Declination–northern limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
k Declination–southern limit (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
m Right ascension–eastern limit  (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
n Right ascension–western limit  (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
p Equinox (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
r Distance from earth (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
s G-ring latitude (R) Required if applicable/Optional
t G-ring longitude (R) Required if applicable/Optional
x Beginning date (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
y Ending date (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
z Name of extraterrestrial body (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
2 Source (NR) Required if applicable/Optional
3 Materials Specified (R) Optional/Optional




Definition

Cartographic mathematical data, including scale, projection and/or coordinates.

Enter a corresponding field 255 for each 034 field.

Flat maps and globes 
  • Use 1st indicator value 1 for a single scale. Use subfield b for the scale.
  • Use 1st indicator value 3 for a range of scales. Use the first subfield b for the smaller denominator; use a second subfield b for the larger.
  • Use subfields d, e, f and g for coordinates.
  • Use separate 034 fields to record two scales.
Relief models 
  • Use 1st indicator value 1 for a single scale. Use subfield b for the horizontal scale; subfield c for the vertical.
  • Use 1st indicator value 3 for a range of scales. Use the first subfield b for the smaller horizontal scale denominator; use a second subfield b for the larger. Use the first subfield c for the smaller vertical scale denominator; use a second subfield c for the larger.
  • Use subfields d, e, f and g for coordinates.
  • Use separate 034 fields to record two scales.
Celestial charts 
  • Use subfield h to enter the scale.
  • Use subfields j and k for the declination.
  • Use subfields m and n for the right ascension.
  • Use subfield p for the equinox.

1st Indicator

Type of scale. The type of scale information given.
 
Scale indeterminable/No scale recorded. No scale information is given.
 
1 Single scale. A single horizontal scale.
 
3 Range of scale. A range of scales. Use only if the scale varies on a single map.

2nd Indicator

Type of ring. The type of ring for digital cartographic items.
 
blank character Not applicable. The type of ring is not applicable.
 
Outer ring. The closed non-intersecting boundary of the area covered.
 
1 Exclusion ring. The closed non-intersecting boundary of the area within the excluded G-polygon outer ring.

Subfields

 
a Category of scale The type of scale of the item. Use even when the 1st indicator value is .

a  Linear scale

b  Angular scale. Use for celestial charts.

z  Other. Use for all other scales, e.g., time scale, quantitative statistical scale, etc.

b Constant ratio linear horizontal scale The denominator of the representative fraction for the horizontal scale. The larger scale (smaller number) is generally given first.
034 1   a b 1000000
034 3   a b 18000 c 28000
c Constant ratio linear vertical scale The denominator of the representative fraction for the vertical scale of relief models and other three-dimensional items. Give the larger scale (smaller number) first.
034 1   a b 744000 c 96000
d Coordinates–westernmost longitude The westernmost extent of the item.
e Coordinates–easternmost longitude The easternmost extent of the item.
f Coordinates–northernmost latitude The northernmost extent of the item.
g Coordinates–southernmost latitude The southernmost extent of the item.
Guidelines for subfields ‡d, ‡e, ‡f and ‡g

Subfields d, e, f and g must always be entered together.

Record coordinates in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees- minutes-seconds) or, in other forms, such as decimal degrees. Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeros.

Degrees/minutes/seconds: hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds):

034 1   a b 22000000 d W1800000 e E1800000 f N0840000 g S0700000
255     Scale 1:22,000,000 c (W 180º --E 180º/N 84º --S 70º).
034 1   a b 253440 d E0790000 e E0860000 f N0200000 g N0120000
255     Scale 1:253,440. 1 in. = 4 miles c (E 79º --E 86º/N 20º --N 12º).

Decimal degrees: hddd.dddddd (hemisphere-degrees.decimal degrees):

034 1   a b 100000 d E079.5333265 e E086.216635 f S012.583377 g S020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 c (E 79.5333265--E086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal degrees: + -ddd.dddddd (hemisphere[+/-]-degrees.decimal degrees [+ for N and E, - for S and W with + being optional]):

034 1   a b 100000 d +079.5333265 e +086.216635 f -012.583377

g -020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 c (E 079.5333265--E086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal degrees without the optional +:

034 1   a b 100000 d 079.533265 e 086.216635 f -012.583377

g -020.419532
255     Scale 1:100,000 c (E 79.5333265--E086.216635/S 012.583377--S 020.419532).

Decimal minutes: hdddmm.mmmm (hemisphere-degrees-minutes.decimal minutes):

034 1   a b 100000 d E07932.5332 e E08607.4478 f S01235.5421

g S02028.9704
255     Scale 1:100,000 c (E 07932.5332--E 08607.4478/S 01235.5421--S 02028.9704).

Decimal seconds: hdddmmss.sss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes-seconds.decimal seconds):

034 1   a b 100000 d E0793235.575 e E0860727.350 f S012536.895

g S0202858.125
255     Scale 1:100,000 c (E 0793235.575--E 0860727.350 /S 012536.895--S 0202858.125).

If you enter the coordinates as a center point rather than outside limits ("bounding box"), enter the longitude and latitude twice (in field 034, subfields d and e and in f and g, respectively).

034 1   a b 75000 d W0950500 e W0950500 f N0300300 gN0300300
255     Scale 1:75,000 c (W 95º05´/N 30º03´).
034 1   a b 25000 d -119.697222 e -119.697222 f +034.420833

g +034.420833
255     Scale 1:25,000 c (W 119.697222/N 034.420833).
h Angular scale The scale, if known, for celestial charts.
j Declination–northern limit The northern limit of the item.
k Declination–southern limit The southern limit of the item.
m Right ascension–eastern limit The eastern limit of the item.
n Right ascension–western limit The western limit of the item.
Guidelines for subfields ‡j, ‡k, ‡m and ‡n

Use subfields j, k, m and n with celestial charts or celestial charts in atlases.

Record the declination in the form hdddmmss (hemisphere-degrees-minutes- seconds). Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeroes. If the declination of center is known, repeat the declination in subfields j and k.

Record the right ascension in the form hhmmss (hour-minute-seconds). Right-justify the subelements and mark unused positions with zeroes. If the right ascension of center is known, repeat the right ascension in both subfields m and n .

034   b j N0300000 k N0300000 m 020012 n 020012
034 1   b j N0300000 k N0300000 m 021800 n 021800
p Equinox The equinox for a celestial chart. Record the equinox in the form yyyy (year). A decimal indicating the month in the form yyyy.mm (year.month) may be included.
034   b j S0250000 k S0850000 p 1971
r Distance from earth The distance of celestial bodies, such as planets or stars, from the Earth in light-years in star atlases.
s G-ring latitude The latitude of a point of the g-ring.
t G-ring longitude The longitude of a point of the g-ring.
   
x Beginning date The beginning of the date period of the data in which the coordinates describe. The date is structured in the form yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.
y Ending date The end of the date period of the data in which the coordinates describe. The date is structured in the form yyyymmdd. When no date is recorded, it is assumed that the coordinate information is current.
034     d E0110000 e E0320000 f N0690000 g N0550000 x 17210000 y 19171200 2 [code for Hammond atlas of world history]
034     d E0110000 e E0240000 f N0690000 g N0550000 x 19171200 2 [code for The statesman's year-book]
[Coordinates for Sweden showing period when Finland was part and then separated.]
z Name of extraterrestrial body The name of a planet or other extraterrestrial body specified when the coordinate data recorded in subfields d, e, f and g do not describe an entity on Earth.
034     d W113.0000 e W113.0000 f N000.0000 g N000.0000 z Mars 2 [code for Mars Global Surveyor]
2 Source The source of the data recorded in field 034. If different sources are recorded, separate fields should be used. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions ( http://lcweb.loc.gov/marc/relators).
3 Materials Specified Information that specifies the part of the entity to which the field applies.

Printing

Field 034 does not print.

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