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76x-78x  Linking Entry Fields–Introduction

76x-78x fields

760 Main Series Entry (R)
762 Subseries Entry (R)
765 Original Language Entry (R)
767 Translation Entry (R)
770 Supplement/Special Issue Entry (R)
772 Supplement Parent Entry (R)
773 Host Item Entry (R)
774 Constituent Unit Entry (R)
775 Other Edition Entry (R)
776 Additional Physical Form Entry (R)
777 Issued With Entry (R)
780 Preceding Entry (R)
785 Succeeding Entry (R)
786 Data Source Entry (R)
787 Nonspecific Relationship Entry (R)

Definition

A linking entry describes separately cataloged publications that are related to the item you are cataloging. These fields allow the establishment of bibliographic connections among materials with diverse relationships.

Linking entry fields do not take the place of authorized access point fields. Use the 7xx or 8xx fields for authorized access points.

Each linking entry field specifies a different bibliographic relationship between the target item described by the record and a related item. These relationships fall into the following groups:

  • Related items that assist the user in continuing to search, but are not physically required to obtain the target item (e.g., former entries for serials or translations of the target item)
  • Related items that have to be obtained physically in order to use the target item (e.g., the host item for a component part such as a journal issue containing a specific article)
  • Related items that are constituent units of a larger whole (e.g., the individual photographs contained in a visual material collection)

The linking entry fields can generate a note in the record in which they appear. Linking entry fields can also provide machine linkage between the bibliographic record for the target item and the bibliographic record for a related item when the related item is represented by a separate record.

Terms used in linking entry fields

Target item. A bibliographic item that is described by the record. The target item is the item to which the data in Type and BLvl apply. The title of the target item is in field 245.

Related item. A bibliographic item that has either a chronological, horizontal, or vertical relationship with a target item, and for which the linking entry field is created.

Host item. A bibliographic item that either physically contains (as in the case of the component part), or bibliographically includes (as in the case of a constituent unit), the subpart that is the target item for the record. For example: if a record describes a journal article, the host is the journal. (Fields 772, 773)

Component part. A bibliographic item that is physically part of another bibliographic item such that the retrieval of the part is dependent on the physical identification and location of the host item (e.g., a chapter in a book or an article in a journal). (Field 774)

Constituent unit. A bibliographic item that is part of another item. The constituent unit is physically separate from the item of which it is considered a part. (Fields 770, 774)

Chronological relationship. The relationship in time between bibliographic items (e.g., the relation of a serial to its predecessors and successors). (Fields 777, 780, 785)

Horizontal relationship. The relationship between versions of a bibliographic item in different languages, format, media, etc. (Fields 765, 767, 775, 776)

Vertical relationship. The hierarchical relationship of the whole to its parts and the parts to the whole (e.g., a journal article to the journal or a subseries to a main series). (Fields 760, 762, 770)

Construction of linking entries

If a separate record for the related publication exists, use that record as the source of data for the linking entry.

Base the identification of the related publication on its authorized access point representing the work (name-title or title). For example, if OCLC record number 6597310 has the following authorized access point with preferred title:

130 0   Monthly digest of statistics (Zimbabwe. Central Statistical Office)

It could be linked to the related publication in field 780.

780 0 0 ‡t Monthly digest of statistics (Zimbabwe. Central Statistical Office) ‡w (OCoLC)6597310

Some records may not have authorized access points/titles or preferred titles because the Library of Congress used the key title and International Standard Serial Number for linking fields prior to AACR2.

Pre-AACR2 serials

You must differentiate pre-AACR2 serials that have the same title proper, but no distinguishing uniform title. Use the following types of information (listed in order of preference) to differentiate among pre-AACR2 serials:

  • Name of edition (subfield ‡b)
  • Language (subfield ‡e)
  • Country (subfield ‡f )
  • Other qualifying information (subfield ‡c)

Subfields

Use the following subfields in the linking entry fields. See the description of each field for the valid subfields. You are unlikely to use subfields ‡b, ‡c, ‡d, ‡e, ‡f, ‡h, ‡m, ‡n, ‡k, ‡p, ‡r, ‡u, ‡y and ‡z in serial linking entry fields constructed according to RDA or AACR2.

‡a Main entry heading

The authorized access point data from field 100, field 110 or field 111 in the related record. Individual components of the name are not recorded in separate subfields as they would be in a 1xx field. Use subfield ‡t for the preferred title from field 130 in the related record.

773 0   ‡a Massachusetts. Commission on Consumer Affairs. ‡t Records
776 0 8 ‡i Print version: ‡a Smith, Gregory S., 1963- ‡t Straight to the top ‡w (OCoLC)824120041
780 0 0 ‡a Arizona. Department of Transportation. Product Evaluation Program. ‡t PRIDE annual report
‡b Edition

The name of the edition from field 250 of the related record. Subfield ‡b is not used when linking RDA or AACR2 serial records.

775 0   ‡t Wall Street journal ‡b Southwest ed.
‡c Qualifying information [all except 773]

Data needed to distinguish between two titles. Generally, the cataloger supplies this parenthetical information. Subfield ‡c is generally not used in RDA or AACR2 records.

775 0   ‡t IFDC report ‡c (Spanish edition) ‡x 0149-5852
[Pre-AACR2]
776 1   ‡c Original ‡w (DLC)   24020326
[Pre-AACR2. The item in hand is a reproduction. Field 776 gives information as to the original record.]
785 0 0 ‡t American spectator ‡c (Bloomington, 1977)
[Pre-AACR2]
‡d Place, publisher and date of publication

Publication information from subfields ‡a, ‡b and ‡c of field 260 or field 264 of the related record. Subfield ‡d is generally not used when linking to serial records.

773 0   ‡a Hamilton, Milton W. (Milton Wheaton), 1901- ‡t Sir William Johnson and the Indians of New York. ‡d [Albany] : University of the State of New York, State Education Dept., Office of State History, 1967 ‡w (DLC)    68066801 
‡e Language code [775 only]

The language code from Lang of the related record. Subfield ‡e is generally not used.

130 0   Cuba economic news. ‡l Spanish
245 1 0 Cuba noticias económicas.
580     Issued also in English: Cuba economic news.
775 1   ‡t Cuba economic news ‡x 0590-2932 ‡e eng ‡w (OCoLC)2259984
‡f Country code [775 only] The country code from Ctry of the related record. Subfield ‡f is generally not used.
‡g Related parts

Data that indicates the specific piece or pieces of the related item that are involved in the relationship with the resource described in the 1XX/245 of the record, (e.g., dates or volumes). The related parts information includes the location of a component part in a target item.

772 1   ‡t Developmental biology ‡x 0012-1606 ‡g 1972-1974
773 0   ‡t Horizon ‡g Volume 17, number 98 (February 1948), pages 78-159
245 0 0 Communist.
260     New York : ‡b Greenwood Reprint Corp., ‡c 1968.
580     Reprint of a periodical published weekly in Chicago by the National Organization Committee of the Communist Party.
775 1   ‡t Communist ‡g 1919
245 0 4 The drug, the nurse, the patient
580     Volumes for 1962-<1966> include alternate biennial revisions of: Current drug handbook, ISSN 0070-1939, also issued separately.
730 0 2 Current drug handbook.
777 1   ‡t Current drug handbook ‡g 1962- ‡x 0070-1939 ‡w (DLC)   58006390  ‡w (OCoLC)1565622
780 0 5 ‡a American Society of International Law. ‡t Proceedings ‡g 1971
785 1 0 ‡t Learning in New York (University of the State of New York) ‡g 1983 ‡w (OCoLC)10120612
‡h Physical description

The physical description of the related item. Subfield ‡h is generally not used.

‡i Relationship information

Designation of a relationship between the resource described in the 76x-78x field and the resource described in the 1xx/245 of the record. This may be in the form of uncontrolled text or a controlled text value. The second indicator contains value 8 (No display constant generated) except in fields 780 and 785 when data in this subfield is intended to be displayed. The data in subfield ‡i can be displayed preceding the other data contained in the field.

776 0 8 ‡i Print version: ‡a Dando-Collins, Stephen. ‡t Rise of an empire. ‡d Hoboken, New Jersey : John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013
‡j Period of content [786 only]

The beginning, and if appropriate, the ending date(s) of the content of the related item. Use the following eight-character format: yyyymmdd. Subfield ‡j is generally not used.

Enter time in the following eight-character format: hhmmss.f (hour, minute, second and decimal fraction of the second, including the decimal point). Use the 24-hour clock (00–23). Use subfield ‡j for the basis on which the source time period of content information was determined.

‡k Series data for related item [all except 760 and 762]

The series entry from the 4xx or the 8xx field of the related record. Subfield ‡k is generally not used.

‡m Material-specific details

Material specific information (e.g., for maps, the mathematical data information relating to the related item). Subfield ‡m is generally not used.

‡n Note

A note about the related item. Subfield ‡n is generally not used.

‡o Other item identifier

Numbers, codes, etc., used to identify an item when these identifiers are not appropriate for one of the more specific subfields (e.g., subfield ‡z). Item or accession numbers are examples. Subfield ‡o is generally not used.

‡p Abbreviated title [773 and 786 only]

The abbreviated title from field 210 of the related record. Subfield ‡p is generally not used.

773 0   ‡t Entomologists' monthly magazine ‡p ENTOMOL MON MAG ‡d Wallingford : Gem Publishing Company ‡x 0013-8908 ‡y FNMMA
‡r Report number [all except 760, 762, and 777]

The report number from field 088 of the related record.

780 0 2 ‡t Commercial software applications for paratransit ‡r DOT-l-84-51 ‡w (OCoLC)11733307
‡s Uniform title

The title from field 240 of the related record.

780 0 0 Antigua. ‡s Laws, etc. (Laws of Antigua). ‡t Laws of Antigua ‡w (OCoLC)1775724
785 0 0 Brookings Institution. ‡s Annual report (1990) ‡w (DLC)sn 91026621 ‡w (OCoLC)24297729
‡t Title

Title information from subfields ‡a, ‡f, ‡g, ‡k, ‡n and ‡p of field 130 or field 245 of the related record. Do not include initial articles and final punctuation.

110 1   United States. ‡b Geological Survey.
245 1 0 Quality of surface waters of the United States.
760 0   United States. Geological Survey. ‡t Water supply papers
110 1   United States. ‡b Geological Survey.
245 1 0 Geological Survey water-supply paper.
762 0   ‡t Quality of surface waters of the United States
762 0   ‡t Evaporation control research
[Serial being described is a main series record.]
110 2   Maryland Academy of Sciences.
245 1 0 Maryland Academy of Sciences bulletin.
772 0   ‡t Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Sciences ‡x 0096-4069 ‡g February 1921
773 0   ‡t Gilbert H. Grosvenor Collection of Photographs of the Alexander Graham Bell family
[Host item is identified by title.]
245 0 0 Empire State report weekly.
580     Companion publication to: Empire State report (1982).
787 1   ‡t Empire State report (1982) ‡x 0747-0711 ‡w (DLC)   84647292  ‡w (OCoLC)8541622
[Record is for title being cataloged. A link is provided to the related title.]
245 0 4 The Post boy. ‡n Number 2436, from Thursday December 21 to Saturday December 23, 1710.
772 1   ‡t Post boy (London, England) ‡w (OCoLC)1234567
245 1 0 136th Street, southeastern section of the Bronx.
774 0   ‡o NYDA.1993.010.00130. ‡n [DIAPimage] ‡t Map of area with highlighted street
774 0   ‡o NYDA.1993.010.00131. ‡n [DIAPimage] ‡t View of Mill Brook Houses from one of the houses ‡d 89/05
774 0   ‡o NYDA.1993.010.00132. ‡n [DIAPimage] ‡t View SE from Mill Brook Houses on rooftop on Cypress Ave. Between 136th St. and 137th St., ‡d 93/05
[Record is for a larger bibliographic unit. The 774 fields give entries for the constituent units.]
245 0 0 Current drug handbook.
580     Alternate biennial revisions for 1962/64-<1966/68> also included in: The Drug, the nurse, the patient.
777 1   ‡t Drug, the nurse, the patient ‡w (DLC)   66015620  ‡w (OCoLC)3995456 ‡g 1962/64-<1966/68>
[Related record.]
245 0 0 Journal of education for librarianship.
580     Continues the association's Newsletter, its Directory and the Report of its meeting.
780 1 0 Association of American Library Schools. ‡t Directory
780 1 0 Association of American Library Schools. ‡t Newsletter
780 1 0 Association of American Library Schools. Meeting. ‡t Report
245 0 0 Army, Navy, Air Force register.
580     Merged with: Army, Navy, Air Force journal, to form...
785 1 7 ‡t Army, Navy, Air Force journal
130 0   Empire State report (1982)
580     Complemented by: Empire State report weekly
787 1   ‡t Empire State report weekly ‡x 0745-8622 ‡w (DLC)   84647299  ‡w (OCoLC)9403759
[Record is for the related title. A link is provided to the record being cataloged.]
‡u Standard Technical Report Number

The STRN from field 027 of the related record.

‡v Source contribution [786 only]

A brief statement identifying the information contributed by a source to a data set. Subfield ‡v is generally not used.

786 0   ‡a United States. Defense Mapping Agency. ‡t Reno, NV-CA west digital terrain elevation data ‡v Data for reformatting to DEM format
‡w Record control number

The system control number of the related record preceded by the MARC code, enclosed in parentheses, for the agency to which the control number applies. See MARC Code List for Organizations (http://www.loc.gov/marc/organizations/orgshome.html).

Instructions for inputting numbers:

The LCCN in subfield ‡w of a linking entry field corresponds to that in field 010 subfield ‡a of the related record. The form input in subfield ‡w is a machine-readable form of the LCCN. Also, there are differences in how the pre-2001 and post-2000 formats of LCCN are recorded in subfield ‡w.

LCCN Pre-2001 format:

  1. Input DLC enclosed within parentheses.
  2. Input three leading blank spaces between the symbol (DLC) and the year numbers if the LCCN has no prefix. If the LCCN has a prefix of fewer than three characters, leave the appropriate number of blank spaces following the prefix.
  3. Input the two-digit year information.
  4. Do not input a hyphen.
  5. Input the six-digit number. Input leading zeros where necessary.
  6. Do not input trailing blank following the number. (If trailing blank is input, the OCLC system removes it.)
  7. Do not input alphabetic identifiers and/or revision dates.
780 0 0 ‡t Journal of neurosurgery ‡w (DLC)med47001541
780 0 0 ‡t Review of existential psychology & psychiatry ‡w (DLC)sf 77000170
780 0 0 ‡t Techniques of biochemical and biophysical morphology ‡w (DLC)   72000153
785 0 0 ‡t Bread and other bakery products. ‡x 0575-7967 ‡w (CaOONL)840791186E ‡w (DLC)ce 84079118

LCCN Post-2000 format:

  1. Always input DLC enclosed within parentheses.
  2. Input two leading blank spaces between the symbol (DLC) and the year information, if the LCCN has no prefix. If the LCCN has a two-character prefix, input no blank spaces between the prefix and the year numbers.
  3. Input the four-digit year information.
  4. Do not input a hyphen.
  5. Input the six-digit number. Input leading zeros where necessary.
776 1   ‡t ESAIM. Control, optimisation and calculus of variations ‡x 1292-8119 ‡w (DLC)  2001203401 ‡w (OCoLC)45723846
780 0 0 ‡t Greater Niles Center news ‡w (DLC)sn2001061303 ‡w (OCoLC)45762825
780 0 0 Public Utilities Commission of Nevada. ‡t Biennial report ‡w (DLC)  2001202263 ‡w (OCoLC)42671476
785 0 0 ‡t Freedom watch (Toronto, Ont.) ‡w (DLC)cn2001390000 ‡w (OCoLC)45400852‡t Bread and other bakery products. ‡x 0575-7967 ‡w (DLC)ce 84079118 ‡w (CaOONL)840791186E

OCLC control number format:

  1. Input OCoLC enclosed within parentheses.
  2. Input the OCLC control number of the related record. Leave no spaces between the designation (OCoLC) and the control number.
780 0 0 ‡t Institute report (Letterman Army Institute of Research) ‡w (OCoLC)3067999  
‡x International Standard Serial Number

The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) for a continuing resource title from field 022 of the related record.

245 0 0 Finance & development.
767 1   ‡t Finance & development. German. Finanzierung & Entwicklung ‡x 0250-7439
767 1   ‡t Finance & development. Spanish. Finanzas y desarrollo ‡x 0250-7447
245 0 0 Journal of cellular biochemistry.
770 0   ‡t Journal of cellular biochemistry. Supplement ‡x 0733-1959
[Record is for the parent title. The link gives the entry of the supplement.]
772 0   ‡t World agricultural situation (Washington, D.C. : 1970) ‡x 0084-1358 ‡w (DLC)sf 81008035 
775 1   ‡t Hospital practice (Office ed.) ‡x 8750-2836
245 0 4 The Americas.
530     Also available on microfilm from University Microfilms.
776 1   ‡t Americas ‡x 0003-1615 ‡w (OCoLC)8370205
245 0 4 Mythlore
580     Includes alternate issues of: Mythprint.
730 0 2 Mythprint.
777 1   ‡t Mythprint ‡x 0146-9347
780 0 1 ‡t Journal of abnormal and social psychology ‡x 0096-851X
785 0 0 ‡t Aging & human development ‡x 0002-0974
‡y CODEN designation

The CODEN designation from field 030 of the related record.

780 0 0 ‡t Illinois journal of mathematics ‡y IJMTAW ‡w (DLC)   59003745
‡z International Standard Book Number [all except 760, 762, and 777]

The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) from field 020 of the related record.

776 0 8 ‡i Print version: ‡a Weiner, Edward. ‡t Urban transportation planning in the United States. ‡d Heidelberg : Springer, 2013 ‡z 1461454069 ‡w  (OCoLC)811964437
‡3 Materials specified [773 only]

The part of the described materials to which the field applies.

‡4 Relationship code

Designation in coded form of a relationship between the resource described in the 76x-78x field and the resource described in the 1xx/245 of the record.

‡7 Control subfield

Up to four one-character codes that indicate special characteristics of the linked entry. Subfield ‡7 is generally not used.

Because the definition of the codes in subfield ‡7 are dependent on the character position in which they occur, the coding of any character position mandates that each preceding character position contains a code. Succeeding character positions need not be used. For example, if position /0 and /1 are not applicable, but position /2 is, then position /0 and /1 contain code n.

245 1 4 The Foundling hospital for wit : ‡b intended for the reception and preservation of such...
772 1   ‡7 plas ‡a Silence, Timothy. ‡t Foundling hospital for wit ‡w (DLC)   85014367 
773 0   ‡7 p1am ‡a Desio, Ardito, 1897- ‡t Geographical features of the Karakorum. ‡d Milano : ISMEO, 1991
[Host item is identified by author and title.]
  • /0  Type of main entry heading. A one-character code that indicates the type of name in subfield ‡a. Use code n if there is no subfield ‡a. Use one of the following:
    p Personal name
    c Corporate name
    m Meeting name
    u Uniform title
    n Not applicable
  • /1  Form of name. A one-character code that indicates the form of the name in subfield ‡a.
    • If /0 is p, use one of the following:
      0 Forename
      1 Surname
      3 Family name
    • If /0 is c or m, use one of the following:
      0 Inverted name
      1 Jurisdiction name
      2 Name in direct order
    • If /0 is u or n, use the following:
      n Not applicable
  • /2  Type of record. A one-character code that indicates the type of record for the related i tem. Use the Type code in the record for the related item
  • /3  Bibliographic level. A one-character code that indicates the bibliographic level of the related item. Use the BLvl in the record for the related item.

Indexing

For indexing and searching information, see Searching WorldCat Indexes, 7xx fields.

Printing

Except for fields 773, 780, and 785, the 76x–78x fields do not print. Enter indicator values, however, as if they do. If an intelligible note can be provided from the linking entry field, use 1st indicator value 0. If an intelligible note cannot be provided, use 1st indicator value 1.

Fields 773, 780 and 785 print as notes. Subfield ‡i prints as input. Subfield ‡o does not print. The program supplies display constants according to the indicator values. Do not enter display constants such as In:, Continues: or Absorbed by: in these fields. See fields 773, 780 and 785 for more information.

If you want to provide notes for nonprinting linking entry fields, use field 500 or field 580 when editing locally. If you use fields 500 or 580 to provide a note, use 1st indicator value 1 in the linking entry field.